Card Set Information
public speaking final fall 2014
Final exam study guide
attitude towards topic and can be hostile, sympathetic or neutral
very hard to persuade
already agree with you
not going one way or another
a single sentence that conveys the topic and purpose of the speech
what to consider when choosing a topic?
focus on knowledge and interests
3 steps in selecting main points?
consider your purpose
take audience into account
select appropriate number
examples of supporting materials?
deals with location, direction or geography
time based sequence, beginning to end
temporal (chronological pattern)
explains a cause and effect relationship
organized around similarities and differences
used in persuasive speeches
has 2 main points
speech organized as a story
use with diverse set of main points
words or phrase that connects an idea or speech part to another
words/phrases that aid in organization and direction
short list of ideas that will follow
a quick review of subpoint main point
elements of intro?
statement of credibility
preview of main points
elements of conclusion?
summarize main points
highs and lows of voice
loudness or softness of speakers voice
how quickly or slowly you speak
sending ones voice out to audience
refers to crispness of words
accepted way to say words
leaving strategic gaps of silence between words and sentences
look into eyes of audience, panning technique
movements of hands and arms
how much or how little speaker moves
use of space and distance between speaker and listener
refers to clothes and importance of initial impression
4 types of reasoning?
assuming something is true bc many people believe it is true
Ad populum fallacy
basing a conclusion on limited or unrepresentative examples
assumption since 1 event followed another
post hoc fallacy
distracts the listener, argues against a policy
slippery slope fallacy
claiming only 2 choices
false dilemma fallacy
if its not broke, don't fix it
appeal to tradition
types of special occasion speeches?
influence audience by their?
process of selecting the best arguments that will most likely persuade audience
3 types of claims
range of positions on a given issue that are acceptable
latitude of acceptance
set of positions that are unacceptable
latitude of rejection
choose main points that are most persuasive to your audience
when you push too hard and the listener opposes your idea more strongly
objects they desire and feelings that must be satisfied
consider what when analyzing audience?
2 types of beliefs?
held close for many years
more recently acquired, not held closely
types of informative speeches?