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  1. ranking third leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the Philippines
  2. it is the disturbance of growth characterized primarily by an excessive proliferation of cells without apparent relation to the physiological demands of the organs involved
  3. Single cancer cell divides ___
  4. normal cells only divide approx ___
    60 times
  5. cancer grows and spread by:
    • directly extending into adjacent tissues
    • invading a nearby body cavity such as the abdomen of pleural space
    • invading along lymphatic vessels
    • travelling via lymphatic vessels to the lymph nodes which drain the region in which the cancer is situated
    • travelling via the blood vessels to any part of the body
  6. transplant of the original tumor, more or less reproducing its structure
  7. ___ of all cancers are curable i detected early and treated propeerly
  8. treatment of cancer usually needs a ___
    multidisciplinary team approach
  9. three major forms of treatment of cancer
    • surgery
    • radiation therapy
    • chemotherapy
  10. this is the oldest cancer treatment
  11. it removes the principal deposit of cancer
  12. it may involve removal of healthy tissue surrounding the tumor, and possibly adjacent lymph nodes
  13. this form of cancer therapy came after the discovery of radioactivity and x rays
    radiation therapy
  14. this refers to the use of chemicals in the treatment of cancer
  15. chemotherapy can be taken by ___, by ___ or by ___
    • mouth
    • parenteral injection
    • topical application
  16. nine warning signs of cancer
    • change in blood bowel or bladder habits
    • a sore that does not heal
    • unusual bleeding or discharge
    • thickening or lump in the breast elsewhere
    • indigestion or difficulty in swallowing
    • obvious change in wart or mole
    • nagging cough or hoarseness
    • unexplained anemia
    • sudden unexplained weightloss
  17. cancer risk factors
    • age
    • gender
    • race
    • occupational
    • health habits
    • family history
    • socio-economic status
    • lifestyle
  18. with breast cancer, ___ occcurs in women and ___ in men
    • 99%
    • 1%
  19. all ages but incidence increase with age
  20. variations exist between the incidence in men and in women
  21. racial characteristics such as skin color, diet and custom do affect cancer incidences
  22. certain occupation are prone to the incidence of certain cancers
  23. ___ and ___ workers have higher lung cancer rates
    • asbestos
    • uranium
  24. ___ tend to have higher rates of bladder cancer
    petrochemical workers
  25. people who don't smoke, who protect themselves from the sun, and who have sensible diet are likely to have a lower incidence of cancer
    health habits
  26. certain individuals have increased risk of developing certain cancers if the family member has that cancer
    family history
  27. statistics show that a person;s economic status may be associated with the incidence and mortality of some cancers
    socio economic status
  28. believed to contribute to a number of cancers
  29. types of cancer
    • lung
    • uterine
    • cervix
    • liver
    • colon
    • rectum
    • mouth
    • breast
    • skin
    • prostate
  30. prevention for lung cancer
    do not smoke
  31. prevention for uterine and cervix cancer
    having one sexual partner lowers risk; clean safe sex
  32. prevention for liver cancer
    vaccination versus hepatitis B virus; minimal alcohol intake; avoid moldy foods
  33. prevention for colon and rectum cancer
    prudent diet of a variety of foods also with fiber and low fat intake
  34. prevention for the cancer of the mouth
    avoid smoking tobacco, betel quid chewing. Modify consumption of alcohol; cavity and dental hygiene
  35. prevention for breast cancer
    no conclusive evidence
  36. prevention for skin cancer
    avoid excessive sun exposure
  37. prevention for prostate cancer
    no conclusive evidence
  38. detection for lung cancer
  39. detection for uterine and cervix cancer
    regular pap-smear every 1-3 years
  40. detection for liver cancer
  41. detection for colon and rectum cancer
    regular medical check up after 40 years of age, yearly occult blood test in stools; digital rectal exam; sigmoidoscopy
  42. detection for mouth cancer
    thorough dental check up each year
  43. detection for breast cancer
    monthly self-exam and annual doctor exam; mammography for high risk groups or for greater that or equal to 50 years old female
  44. detection for skin cancer
    skin self exam
  45. detection for prostate cancer
    digital trans-rectal exam (early diagnosis)
  46. ABCD method to consider whether a mole is suspicious
    • Asymmetry
    • Border Irregularity
    • Color
    • Diameter
  47. One side of the mole does not mirror the other side.
  48. The edges are jagged, blurred or notched.
    Border irregularity
  49. The color of the mole is irregular. Shades of tan, black and brown are present; flecks of white and red add to a mottled appearance.
  50. The mole is 6 mm, roughly the size of a pencil eraser. Any mole growth is a concern.
Card Set:
2014-12-02 17:24:33
Cancer Health Care
Health Care
Short Quiz #5
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