EHS Lab Final

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Author:
kderaad
ID:
290472
Filename:
EHS Lab Final
Updated:
2014-12-02 17:08:33
Tags:
EHS 230
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Description:
EHS 230 Lab Final: plant id, tool id, notes
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    • Round Point Shovel
    • -for digging 
    • -not good at picking things up off a flat surface
    • Square Point Shovel
    • -picking up material on flat surface
    • -not for digging
    • Hand Shears
    • -for pruning small branches
    • -1/2 inch or less
    • Hedge Shears
    • -trimming hedges
    • -not for cutting bigger than 1/4" thick
    • Loppers
    • -1inch - 1 1/2 inch
    • -Cutting larger branches
    • -has to have rubber bumpers
    • Pole Pruners
    • -Cutting branches high up in trees
    • -1" - 1 1/2" thick
    • Trowel
    • -non metal handle (hand shovel)
    • -for general digging around garden
  1. Sphagnum Peat Moss
    • In perlite mix, used as a potting media source
    • Good for water retention
    • Looks like brown mulch/moss (spongy)
  2. Perlite
    • White clumps
    • Creates air in media
  3. Coarse Sand
    • Sand course enough to see each particle
    • Creates air in between each particle
    • Can be used to replace perlite
    • Makes media heavy
  4. Compost
    • Looks like black dirt
    • Left over organic materials that decompose and become compost
    • Adds micro nutrients increases CEC
  5. Composted Wood Chips
    • Important that they are composted not fresh
    • Small flakes of wood chips
    • Aglaonema spp
    • Chinese Evergreen
    • Mottled Leaves
    • Chamaedorea Elegans
    • Parlor Palm
    • Small Palm
    • Chlorophytum Comosum
    • Spider Plant
    • outdoors here too
    • Cissus alata
    • Grape Ivy
    • Tendrils (modified leaves-looks like long thin stems)
    • Dieffenbachia spp
    • Dumb Cane
    • Poisonous
    • Dracaena fragrans massangeana
    • Corn Plant
    • Shipped by the log
    • leaves look like corn leaves
    • thick leaves
    • Dracaena Reflexa Reflexa
    • Red-margined dracaena
    • Interesting trunk
    • Epipremnum aureum
    • Pothos 
    • Juvenile
    • Ficus benjamina
    • Weeping fig
    • big tree
    • Ficus lyrata
    • Fiddleleaf fig
    • big tree
    • Hedera Helix
    • English Ivy
    • Interior or exterior
    • Howea fosteriana
    • Kentia palm
    • Slow and expensive
    • Nephrolepis Exaltata
    • Boston Fern
    • Needs Humidity
    • Phalaenopsis spp
    • Moth orchid
    • W,P,Y flowers
    • Saintpaulia ionantha
    • African Violet
    • B,W,P,R flowers
    • Sansevieria Trifasciata
    • Snake Plant
    • Tough
    • Spathiphyllum spp
    • Peace
    • White Flowers
  6. Compensation Point
    • A level of light intensity above which plant will capture enough energy to grow. 
    • Below which it will not catch enough and will not grow
  7. Foot Candle
    amount of light given off by one candle on a 1 square foot surface 1 foot away from candle
  8. What is important for house plants
    • Light
    • Humidity
  9. Ephiphyte
    • Plants that don't grow in soil or media
    • they grow on tree branches
    • grow in artificial media with lots of air
  10. Fluoride and plants
    • Some plants are sensitive to fluoride
    • comes from perlite
    • causes damage to leaf tips
  11. Salts in Media
    • Water can have a high salt content
    • to avoid salts getting too high, leech soil when watering
  12. Main producer of bulbs
    Examples of bulbs
    • Holland
    • Tulips, daffodils
    • (Onion is type of bulb with papery structure (tunic) on the outside for protection)
  13. Where are flowers formed on the bulb
    Bulbs already have flowers formed on the inside
  14. Daughter bulbs
    Produce daughter bulbs around the edges
  15. Cold Period
    • Bulbs require a cold period before they will grow (12 weeks in wild)
    • matures the flower bulb
    • But also need a dry warm month
  16. Rhizome
    • horizontal underground stem
    • canna is an example
    • mint has rhizomes
  17. Corm
    • Structure is stem with bud on top and side
    • a geophyte that is a modified leaf basis
    • an annual structure (Produce a new plant every year)
    • Has a fleshy root and when dries out contractile dries out but stays anchor and pulls the corm down
  18. Buying Cut Flowers
    • Take outside petals off
    • cut at angle 1/2-1" off bottom stem
    • put in water quickly
    • The cooler the temp, the longer they will last
    • pinch of sugar and a few drops of bleach will kill bacteria
    • 7-up b/c it is acidic

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