Biology I Vocabulary

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290480
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Biology I Vocabulary
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2014-12-02 18:16:30
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Biology 9midterm 9eoc
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Biology I vocabulary
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  1. 1.1 What is the definition of biosphere?
    all organisms amd the part of Earth where they exist
  2. 1.1 What word means all organisms and the part of Earth where they exist?
    biosphere
  3. 1.1 What is the definition of biodiversity?
    variety of life within an area
  4. 1.1 What word means variety of life within an area?
    biodiversity
  5. 1.1 What is the definition of species?
    group of organisms so similar to one another that they can breed and produce fertile offspring
  6. 1.1 What word means group of organisms so similar to one another that they can breed and produce fertile offspring?
    species
  7. 1.1 What is the definition of biology?
    scientific study of all forms of life
  8. 1.1 what word means scientific study of all forms of life?
    biology
  9. 1.1 What is the definition of organism?
    any individual living thing
  10. 1.1 What word means any individual living thing?
    organism
  11. 1.1 What is the definition of cell?
    basic unit of life
  12. 1.1 What word means basic unit of life?
    cell
  13. 1.2 What is the definition of metabolism?
    all chemical processes that synthesize or break down materials within an organism
  14. 1.1 What word means all chemical processes that break down materials within an organism?
    metabolism
  15. 1.1 What is the definition of DNA?
    molecule that stores genetic information in all organisms
  16. 1.1 What word means molecule that stores genetic information in all organisms?
    DNA
  17. 1.2 What is the definition of system?
    changing, organized group of related parts that interact to form a whole
  18. 1.2 What word means changing, organized group of related parts that interact to form a whole?
    system
  19. 1.2 What is the definition of ecosystem?
    collection of organisms and nonlivong things, such as climate, soil, water, and rocks, in an area
  20. 1.2 What word means collection of organisms and nonlivong things, such as climate, soil, water, and rocks, in an area?
    ecosystem
  21. 1.2 What is the definition of homeostasis?
    regulation and maintenance of constant internal conditions in an organism
  22. 1.2 What word means regulation and maintenance of constant internal conditions in an organism?
    homeostasis
  23. 1.2 What is the definition of evolution?
    change in a species over time; process of biological change by which decedents come to differ from their ancestors
  24. 1.2 What word means change in a species over time; process of biological change by which the decedents come to differ from their ancestors?
    evolution
  25. 1.2 What is the definition of adaptation?
    inherited trait that is selected for over time because it allows organisms to better survive in their environment
  26. 1.2 What word means inherited trait that is selected over time because it allows organisms to better survive in their environment?
    adaptation
  27. 1.3 What is the definition of observation?
    using the senses to study the world; using tools to collect measurements; examining previous research resualts
  28. 1.3 What word means using the senses to study the world; using tools to collect measurements; examining previous research resualts?
    observation
  29. 1.3 What is the definition of data?
    observations and measurements recorded during an experiment (singular: datum)
  30. 1.3 What word means observations and measurements recorded during an experiment?
    data (singular: datum)
  31. 1.3 What is the definition of hypothesis?
    proposed explanation or answer to a scientific question (plural: hypotheses)
  32. 1.3 What word means proposed explanation or answer to a scientific question?
    hypothesis (plural: hypotheses)
  33. 1.3 What is the definition of experiment?
    process that tests a hypothesis by collecting information under controlled conditions
  34. 1.3 What word means process that tests a hypothesis by collecting information under controlled conditions?
    experiment
  35. 1.3 What is the definition of independent variable?
    condition or factor that is manipulated by a scientist during an experiment
  36. 1.3 What word means condition or factor that is manipulated by a scientist during an experiment?
    independent variable
  37. 1.3 What is the definition of dependent variable?
    experimental data collected through observations and measurement
  38. 1.3 What word means experimental data collected through observations and measurement?
    dependent variable
  39. 1.3 What is the definition of constant?
    condition that us controlled so that it dose not change during an experiment
  40. 1.3 What word means condition that is controlled so that it dose not change during an experiment?
    constant
  41. 1.3 What is the definition of theory?
    proposed explanation of a wide variety of observations and experimental resualts
  42. 1.3 What word means proposed explanation for a wide variety of observations and experimental resualts?
    theory
  43. 1.4 What is the definition of microscope?
    tool that provides an enlarged image of an object
  44. 1.4 What word means tool that provides an enlarged image of an object?
    microscope
  45. 1.4 What is the definition of gene?
    specific region if DNA that codes for a particular protein
  46. 1.4 What word means specific region of DNA that codes for a particular protein?
    gene
  47. 1.4 What is the definition of molecular genetics?
    study of DNA structure and function on the molecular level
  48. 1.4 What word means study of DNA structure and function on the molecular level?
    molecular genetics
  49. 1.4 What is the definition of genomics?
    study and comparison of genomes within a single species or among differnt species
  50. 1.4 What word means study and comparison of genomes within a single species or among differnt species?
    genomics
  51. 1.5 What is the definition of biotechnology?
    use and application of living things and biologicam processes
  52. 1.5 What word means use and application of biological processes?
    biotechnology
  53. 1.5 What is the definition of transgenic?
    organism whose genome has been altered to contain one or more genes from another organism or species
  54. 1.5 What word means organism whose genome has been altered to contain one or more genes from another organism or species?
    transgenic

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