Health promotion of the School age Child

Card Set Information

Author:
julianne.elizabeth
ID:
290547
Filename:
Health promotion of the School age Child
Updated:
2014-12-11 14:46:46
Tags:
lccc nursing peds schoolage
Folders:

Description:
For Gosselin's Final
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user julianne.elizabeth on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. When is the beginning and end of the school age years?
    • 6-12 years
    • Begins with the shedding of first deciduous teeth and ends at puberty with acquisition of final permanent teeth (28-32)
  2. What biological development occurs during the school age years?
    • Height increase 2in/yr
    • Weight increase 2-3 kg/yr
    • Males and females begin to differ in size, with females maturing faster
  3. How do the different body systems mature during the school age years?
    • Bladder capacity increases (larger in females)
    • heart smaller in relation to the rest of body
    • Immune system increasingly effective
    • Bones increase in ossification
    • Physical maturity not necessarily correlated with emotional and social maturity
  4. What is prepubescence?
    • Defined as the 2yrs preceding puberty
    • Typically occurs during preadolescence
    • Varies from ages 9-12 (female about 2 yrs earlier than body)
  5. What Freudian period is the school age child in?
    • Relationships center around same-sex peers
    • Freud describes this time as the latency period of psychosexual development
  6. What Erikson stage is the school age child in?
    • Industry v. Inferiority
    • Eager to develop skills and participate in meaningful and socially useful work
    • Acquire sense of personal and interpersonal competence
    • Growing sense of independence
    • Peer approval is a strong motivator, but family is still the strongest motivator of values
    • Inferiority may derive from self or scoil environment
    • Inferiority may occur is incapable or unprepared to succeed at task
    • All children will feel some degree of inferiority for a skill they cannot master
  7. What Piaget stage is the school age child in?
    • Concrete Operations
    • Use thought processes to experience events and actions
    • Develop understanding of relationships between things and ideas
    • Able to make judgments based on reason (conceptual thinking)
    • Able to solve problems, able to master conservation
    • Able to see other's viewpoints
  8. How does the school age child develop morally?
    • Development of conscience and moral standards
    • Age 6-7: reward and punishment guide choices
    • Older School Age: able to judge an act by the intentions that prompted it
    • Rules and judgements become more founded on the needs and desires of others
    • Can treat others how they want to be treated
  9. How does the school age child develop spiritually?
    • Children think in concrete terms
    • Children expect punishment for misbehavior
    • May view illness or injury as punishment for a real or imagined misdeed
    • May not understand the concept of death until 9-10 yrs of age
  10. What social development occurs in the school age child?
    • Shift to the importance of the peer group
    • Identification with peers is a strong influence in child gaining independence from parents
    • Sex roles strongly influenced by peer relationships
  11. How does the school age child's relationships with family change?
    • Parents are primary influence in shaping the child's personality, behavior, and value system
    • Increasing independence from parent is primary goal of middle childhood
    • Children are not ready to abandon parental control
  12. What kind of play does the school age child partake in?
    • Competitive and Cooperative play (also onlooker play)
    • Involves physical skill, intellectual ability, and fantasy
    • Form groups, cliques, secret societies
    • Rules and ritual
    • Quiet games and activities as well as group/competitive sports
    • Ego mastery
  13. How does the school age child develop a self-concept?
    • A conscience awareness of a variety of self-perceptions (abilities, values, appearance, etc)
    • Importance of significant adults in shaping child's self concept
    • Positive self-concept leads to feelings of self-respect, self-confidence, and happiness
  14. How does the school age child develop their body image?
    • Generally children like physical selves less as they grow older
    • Body image influenced by significant others
    • Increased awareness of difference may influence feelings of inferiority
    • Even more modest than preschoolers
  15. How does the school experience influence the school age child?
    • School experience is second to family as a socializing agent
    • Transmission go values of the society occurs in school
    • Peer relationships become increasingly important
  16. How can you promote nutrition for the school age child?
    • A balanced diet is required for adequate growth
    • Quality of diet is directly r/t family's pattern of eating
    • Fast food and obesity become a concern
    • Child should be eating adult size portions by the end of school age
  17. How can you promote sleep and rest for the school age child?
    • School age children should be 9.5 hrs of sleep per night (but this is highly individualized)
    • May resist bed time during ages 8-11
    • 12 years and older are less resistent to bed time
  18. How can you promote exercise and activity in the school age child?
    • Kids generally enjoy competition and may participate in competitive sports
    • Helps in learning and acquiring skill sets
  19. How can you promote dental health in the school age child?
    • Eruption of all permanent teeth by the end of school age
    • Needs good dental hygiene and prevention of caries
    • Malocclusion may lead to the need for braces or retainer
    • If dental avulsion occurs, replace tooth or put in milk and go to DR ASAP
  20. How can promote sexual education in the school age child?
    • Sex play is normal part of curiosity during preadolescence
    • Middle childhood is the ideal time for sexual education
    • Information on sexual maturity and reproduction my be presented
    • Establish effective communication with parents
  21. What is the nurse's role in sexual education for school aged children?
    • The nurse should treat sex as a normal part of growth and development
    • Encourage questions and answers
    • Differentiate between sex and sexuality
    • Be open for communication with parents
  22. What is the purpose of school health?
    • Ongoing assessments, referrals, screenings
    • Routine services, emergency care safety and infection control
    • Increases knowledge of health and health habits
    • Opportunity for teaching both students and parents
  23. How can you prevent injury in the school aged child?
    • MVA is the most common cause of severe injury and death
    • Teaching on the importance of bike helmets
    • Appropriate safety equipment for all sports
    • Teach about gun safety
  24. What anticipatory guidance can you provide for families of school aged children?
    • Assist parents in adjusting to child's increasing independence
    • Parents should provide support as unobtrusively as possible
    • The child will move from narrow family relationships to broader world of relationships

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview