Discuss the contributions of Copernicus, Brahe, Kepler, Galileo, and Newton to the Scientific Revolution. Who made the most important contribution and why?
Many natural philosophers, notably Nicolaus Copernicus, Tycho Brahe, Johannes Kepler, Galileo Galilei, and Isaac Newton, contributed to the Scientific Revolution. Copernicus taught that the planets revolved around the sun and that the further the planets were from the sun, the longer they took to revolve around the sun. Brahe compiled large amounts of astronomical data that proved important for Kepler, who proposed a model of the solar system with planetary motion and elliptical orbits. Galileo further articulated the Copernican model and portrayed a universe subject to mathematical laws. Newton’s major contribution to the Scientific Revolution was the concept of gravity and how it affected every physical object in the universe. The most important contribution to the Scientific Revolution was made by Galileo because he pushed the idea of mechanism, a common belief of natural philosophers of the Scientific Revolution. Without Galileo pushing mechanism, then perhaps people like Newton would not have thought of the universe subject to mathematical laws, and would not have tried to mathematically prove gravity and other fundamental astrological concepts, which are essential to the understanding we have today.