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Annus --- Latin
- Annual - yearly
- Centennial - every hundred years
Aquia --- Latin
- Aquamarine - blue-green color of water
- Aquarium - a pond or tank of water where fish can live
Astron --- Greek
- Astronaut - one who travels among the stars
- Astronomy - study of space
Bonus --- Latin
- Bounty - plenty
- Boon - a good deed, a favor
Centum --- Latin
- century - hundred-year period
- cent - one hundredth of a dollar
Corpus - Latin
- corpse - a dead body
- corporal - of or relating to the body
Cum --- Latin
- combat - fight with
- cooperate - work with
Decem --- Latin
- December - tenth month in the Roman calendar
- decempedal - having ten feet
Dens --- Latin
- dentist - tooth doctor
- dent - small depression; tooth-like notch
Figo --- Latin
fix, fasten, attach
- fix - make firm, set in place
- fixture - a thing fastened in place
Geo --- Greek
- geography - draw the earth and write about it (maps)
- geology - study of earth and its formations
Graph --- Greek
to write or draw
- autograph - ones signature
- photograph - capturing an image using light
Inter --- Latin
between, among, amid
- interstate - highways liking major cities
- intercept - the points where things intersect
Logos --- Greek
- Zoology - study of animals
- Astrology - study of stars
Luna --- Latin
- Lunar - of or pertaining to the moon
- Lunatic - mad, affected by the moon
Manus --- Latin
- manuscript - written by hand
- manufacture - made by hand
Metron --- Greek
- meter - a type of measurement
- thermometer - instrument that measures temperature
Mille --- Latin
- mile - a thousand paces
- millennium - thousand-year period
Para --- Greek
beside, along with
- paraphrase - express the same message in different words
- parasol - a small umbrella to carry with oneself
Phobos --- Greek
- phobia - fear of
- claustrophobia - fear of confined spaces
Photos --- Greek
- photograph - capturing an image using light
- photophobia - fear of light
Pono --- Latin
lay, put, place
- repose - lie back, rest
- pose - position or attitude
Pro --- Latin
for, before, forward, in place of
- proceed - to walk or go before
- profess - to claim or declare
Pyro --- Greek
- pyre - huge bonfire for burning bodies at funerals
- pyrotechnics - fireworks
Syn - Greek
- sympathy - with feeling, emotion
- symphony - with sound, music
Tempus --- Latin
- temporary - for a limited time
- temporal - of or relating to or limited by time
Thesis --- Greek
put, place, position
- theme - the position or meaning of a work
- parenthesis - position markers used in writing
Trans --- Latin
across, over, beyond, through
- transform - change over to a different shape
- transport - carry across
Verbum --- Latin
- verbatim - word for word
- verb - action word
Visum --- Latin
- television - broadcast of visual images
- invisible - cannot been seen
What are your first impressions of Oedipus as a ruler and a person?
Why does Tiresias originally refrain from divulging the truth to Oedipus and the others assembled outside the palace?
What is Oedipus' response to Tiresias' refusal, and then later, to his accusations?
Tiresias replies that he is beholden to no one but Apollo - the higher authority that the Greeks thought was God (in this case, it is Apollo rather than Zeus, because the Delphian oracle is devoted to Apollo). This allows him to speak the painful truth to Oedipus. What caused Tiresias to change his mind and speak the truth, do you think?
Now that you have seen Oedipus react directly to adversity is your opinion of him different? Would you characterize Oedipus a evil, or merely human, in his angry reactions to Tiresias' speeches?
Crean tells Oedipus that he is a "madman" and is "hateful in yielding and severe when (he) passes from anger." Is Oedipus' anger measured, or does it seem paranoid, to you?
What effect do the Chorus' repeated vows of faith in Oedipus as "our guide to better things" have on your perceptions of Oedipus? Would you feel the same way if there were no Chorus speeches?
Oedipus calls himself an "abomination" for killing his father and marrying his mother. If he was aware of neither at the time, why does he call himself evil? Is a man responsible for the evil of his actions if he is truly unaware that they are evil? Think about the idea of "pollution" in the city.
The death of Polybus raises the question in everyone's mind but those who know the truth --- "is Oedipus' biological father Laius or Polubus?" What does it say about Oedipus and his feelings of guilt (or lack) that he clings to the illusion that Polybus was really his biological father?
Recount the events that lead up to the self-blinding of Oedipus.
Does it seem fair for Oedipus to call himself "the most accursed"? Why or why not?
What function might suck sentiments serve the ancients who watch the play in the audience? (What warning/message might they take from the play?)
What basis is there for Oedipus' fear that his daughters will not easily find spouses?
"Call no man blessed" till Oedipus dies, says the Chorus to the audience. Why?
* Eteolcles and Polynices are Antigone's brothers. They have just died in war (they killed each other).
* Polynices had led an army into Thebes making him a traitor.
* Creon is the king of Thebes and he has passed a law forbidding the burying of any traitors. (Polynieces shall not be buried)
* Antigone decides she must bury her brother's body because it is what the gods would want. She believes it is important to follow gods' law, rather than mans.
* Antigone asks her sister, Ismene, to help bury their brother, Ismene refuses.
* Antigone is caught breaking the law and fully admits to her deeds. Iceman also tries to take the blame, but Antigone won't allow this.
* Haemon, Antigone's fiance, tries to defend her actions. Creon, his father, ignores him and accuses him of being bewitched by women.
* Creon locks Antigone in a cave with limited food. This way she'll die but won't have been murdered.
* Creon regrets his choices and goes to free Antigone. When he gets to the cave he finds that Antigone has hung herself and Haemon, who had gone to try and help Antigone, has "fallen on his sword".
Tragedy - tells of the downfall of a basically good and noble individual who, because of some personal flaw, tempts Fate and brings himself great amounts of suffering.
Hamartia - A tragic flaw, weakness, of character or error in judgment, which causes the downfall of the hero.
Hubris - Arrogance or overwhelming pride which causes the hero's transgression against the gods; usually the tragic flaw
Catharsis - Purgation of emotions of pity and fear which leaves the viewer both relieved and elated
The Greeks had a religious and legal prohibition against showing acts of violence on stage, which meant that characters always died off stage.
The chorus served several functions:
- Sets overall mood and expresses theme
- Adds beauty through song and dance
- Gives background information
- Divides action and offers reflections on events Questions, advises, expresses opinion
LABEL THE PARTS OF THE THEATER
***The above is missing one.
- "seeing place" where the audience sat
- circular dancing place, where actors and chorus perform
- alter to Dionysus
- building used as a dressing room
- entrance and exit to the theater used by the chorus
- facade of the scene which served as a backdrop