English 1 Midterm Exam Study Guide

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  1. Annus --- Latin

    • Annual - yearly
    • Centennial - every hundred years
  2. Aquia --- Latin

    • Aquamarine - blue-green color of water
    • Aquarium - a pond or tank of water where fish can live
  3. Astron --- Greek

    • Astronaut - one who travels among the stars
    • Astronomy - study of space
  4. Bonus --- Latin

    • Bounty - plenty
    • Boon - a good deed, a favor
  5. Centum --- Latin

    • century - hundred-year period
    • cent - one hundredth of a dollar
  6. Corpus - Latin

    • corpse - a dead body
    • corporal - of or relating to the body
  7. Cum --- Latin
    with, together

    • combat - fight with
    • cooperate - work with
  8. Decem --- Latin

    • December - tenth month in the Roman calendar
    • decempedal - having ten feet
  9. Dens --- Latin

    • dentist - tooth doctor
    • dent - small depression; tooth-like notch
  10. Figo --- Latin
    fix, fasten, attach

    • fix - make firm, set in place
    • fixture - a thing fastened in place
  11. Geo --- Greek

    • geography - draw the earth and write about it (maps)
    • geology - study of earth and its formations
  12. Graph --- Greek
    to write or draw

    • autograph - ones signature
    • photograph - capturing an image using light
  13. Inter --- Latin
    between, among, amid

    • interstate - highways liking major cities
    • intercept - the points where things intersect
  14. Logos --- Greek
    word, study

    • Zoology - study of animals
    • Astrology - study of stars
  15. Luna --- Latin

    • Lunar - of or pertaining to the moon
    • Lunatic - mad, affected by the moon
  16. Manus --- Latin

    • manuscript - written by hand
    • manufacture - made by hand
  17. Metron --- Greek

    • meter - a type of measurement
    • thermometer - instrument that measures temperature
  18. Mille --- Latin

    • mile - a thousand paces
    • millennium - thousand-year period
  19. Para --- Greek
    beside, along with

    • paraphrase - express the same message in different words
    • parasol - a small umbrella to carry with oneself
  20. Phobos --- Greek

    • phobia - fear of
    • claustrophobia - fear of confined spaces
  21. Photos --- Greek

    • photograph - capturing an image using light
    • photophobia - fear of light
  22. Pono --- Latin
    lay, put, place

    • repose - lie back, rest
    • pose - position or attitude
  23. Pro --- Latin
    for, before, forward, in place of

    • proceed - to walk or go before
    • profess - to claim or declare
  24. Pyro --- Greek

    • pyre - huge bonfire for burning bodies at funerals
    • pyrotechnics - fireworks
  25. Syn - Greek
    with, together

    • sympathy - with feeling, emotion
    • symphony - with sound, music
  26. Tempus --- Latin

    • temporary - for a limited time
    • temporal - of or relating to or limited by time
  27. Thesis --- Greek
    put, place, position

    • theme - the position or meaning of a work
    • parenthesis - position markers used in writing
  28. Trans --- Latin
    across, over, beyond, through

    • transform - change over to a different shape
    • transport - carry across
  29. Verbum --- Latin

    • verbatim - word for word
    • verb - action word
  30. Visum --- Latin

    • television - broadcast of visual images
    • invisible - cannot been seen
  32. What are your first impressions of Oedipus as a ruler and a person?
  33. Why does Tiresias originally refrain from divulging the truth to Oedipus and the others assembled outside the palace?
  34. What is Oedipus' response to Tiresias' refusal, and then later, to his accusations?
  35. Tiresias replies that he is beholden to no one but Apollo - the higher authority that the Greeks thought was God (in this case, it is Apollo rather than Zeus, because the Delphian oracle is devoted to Apollo).  This allows him to speak the painful truth to Oedipus.  What caused Tiresias to change his mind and speak the truth, do you think?
  36. Now that you have seen Oedipus react directly to adversity is your opinion of him different?  Would you characterize Oedipus a evil, or merely human, in his angry reactions to Tiresias' speeches?
  37. Crean tells Oedipus that he is a "madman" and is "hateful in yielding and severe when (he) passes from anger."  Is Oedipus' anger measured, or does it seem paranoid, to you?
  38. What effect do the Chorus' repeated vows of faith in Oedipus as "our guide to better things" have on your perceptions of Oedipus?  Would you feel the same way if there were no Chorus speeches?
  39. Oedipus calls himself an "abomination" for killing his father and marrying his mother.  If he was aware of neither at the time, why does he call himself evil?  Is a man responsible for the evil of his actions if he is truly unaware that they are evil?  Think about the idea of "pollution" in the city.
  40. The death of Polybus raises the question in everyone's mind but those who know the truth --- "is Oedipus' biological father Laius or Polubus?"  What does it say about Oedipus and his feelings of guilt (or lack) that he clings to the illusion that Polybus was really his biological father?
  41. Recount the events that lead up to the self-blinding of Oedipus.
  42. What becomes of Jocasta?
  43. Does it seem fair for Oedipus to call himself "the most accursed"? Why or why not?
  44. What function might suck sentiments serve the ancients who watch the play in the audience? (What warning/message might they take from the play?)
  45. What basis is there for Oedipus' fear that his daughters will not easily find spouses?
  46. "Call no man blessed" till Oedipus dies, says the Chorus to the audience.  Why?

    *  Eteolcles and Polynices are Antigone's brothers.   They have just died in war (they killed each other).

    *  Polynices had led an army into Thebes making him a traitor.

    *  Creon is the king of Thebes and he has passed a law forbidding the burying of any traitors. (Polynieces shall not be buried)


    *  Antigone decides she must bury her brother's body because it is what the gods would want.  She believes it is important to follow gods' law, rather than mans.

    *  Antigone asks her sister, Ismene, to help bury their brother, Ismene refuses.  

    *  Antigone is caught breaking the law and fully admits to her deeds.  Iceman also tries to take the blame, but Antigone won't allow this.


    *  Haemon, Antigone's fiance, tries to defend her actions.  Creon, his father, ignores him and accuses him of being bewitched by women.

    *  Creon locks Antigone in a cave with limited food.  This way she'll die but won't have been murdered.

    *  Creon regrets his choices and goes to free Antigone.  When he gets to the cave he finds that Antigone has hung herself and Haemon, who had gone to try and help Antigone, has "fallen on his sword".

    Tragedy - tells of the downfall of a basically good and noble individual who, because of some personal flaw, tempts Fate and brings himself great amounts of suffering.

    Hamartia - A tragic flaw, weakness, of character or error in judgment, which causes the downfall of the hero.

    Hubris - Arrogance or overwhelming pride which causes the hero's transgression against the gods; usually the tragic flaw

    Catharsis - Purgation of emotions of pity and fear which leaves the viewer both relieved and elated

    The Greeks had a religious and legal prohibition against showing acts of violence on stage, which meant that characters always died off stage.

    The chorus served several functions:
    • Sets overall mood and expresses theme
    • Adds beauty through song and dance 
    • Gives background information  
    • Divides action and offers reflections on events  Questions, advises, expresses opinion

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    ***The above is missing one.

    Theatron - "seeing place" where the audience sat
    Orchestra - circular dancing place, where actors and chorus perform
    Thymele - alter to Dionysus
    Skene - building used as a dressing room
    Parados - entrance and exit to the theater used by the chorus
    Proskenion - facade of the scene which served as a backdrop
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English 1 Midterm Exam Study Guide
2014-12-05 03:14:02
English Midterm Exam Study Guide

1st Semester Study Guide
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