Contempory Social Thought

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PJRyan
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290661
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Contempory Social Thought
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2014-12-04 21:41:41
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Sociology Quotes
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Sociology
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Quotes from Contemporary Social Thought theoerists
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  1. ‘A may exercise power over B by getting him to do what he does not want to do, but he also exercises power over him by determining his wants. Indeed, is it not the supreme exercise of power to get another or others to have the desires you want them to have – that is to secure their compliance by controlling their thoughts and desires? ’
    Lukes
  2. “in coming to believe that an object is a target, we constitute it as a target. Our believing self-validates: we validate what we believe by referring to what we believe”
    Haugaard
  3. ‘Critical understanding of self takes place therefore through a struggle of political hegemonies of opposing directions…’
    Gramsci
  4. ‘In the theory of structuration, structures are both the medium and outcomes of the social practices they recursively organize’
    Giddens
  5. ‘the soldier was someone who could be recognized from afar, he bore certain signs: the natural signs of his strength and courage….. [But] by the late eighteenth century, the soldier has become something that can be made….Recruits become accustomed to holding their heads high and erect,…remain motionless until an order is given, without moving the head, the hands, the feet……’
    Foucault
  6. ‘The bedroom has become one of the most ‘private’ and ‘intimate’ areas of human life. Like most bodily functions, sleeping has been increasingly shifted behind the scenes of social life…..’
    Elias
  7. ‘My intuitive idea of power, then, is something like this: A has power over B to the extent that he can get B to do something that B would not otherwise do.’
    Dahl
  8. ‘In coming to believe that an object is a target we constitute it as a target. Our belief self validates: we validate what we believe by referring to what we believe….’
    Barnes
  9. ‘Power is here conceived as a circulating medium, analogous to money, within what is called the political system…’.
    Parsons
  10. ‘War of position is a battle to transform the popular ‘mentality’ and to diffuse the philosophical innovations which present themselves to be ‘historically true’ to the extent that they become concretely – i.e historically and socially – true.’
    Gramsci
  11. ‘The universe was folded in upon itself: the earth echoing the sky, faces seeing themselves reflected in stars, and plants holding within their stems secrets that were of use to man….’
    Foucault
  12. ‘Ordinary day-to-day life involves ontological-security expressing an autonomy of bodily control within predictable-routines.’
    Giddens
  13. “Punishment, if I may so put it, should strike the soul rather than the body.”
    Foucault
  14. ‘…. fields are also spaces of power…. in a gallery of contemporary art, you are more likely to find people who have books, drink fine wine, have PhDs, have sophisticated mastery of language,….’
    Bourdieu
  15. ‘In the Renaissance episteme the universe was folded in upon itself: the earth echoing the sky, faces seeing themselves reflected in stars, and plants holding within their stems secrets that were of use to man….’
    Foucault
  16. ‘X counts as Y in circumstances C’
    Searle
  17. ‘Power is here conceived as a circulating medium, analogous to money, within what is called the political system…’
    Parsons
  18. ‘We have yet to write the history of that other form of madness, by which men, in an act of sovereign reason, confine their neighbors, and communicate and recognize each other through the merciless language of non‐madness; to define the moment of this conspiracy before it was permanently established in the realm of truth...’
    Foucault
  19. ‘We must cease once and for all to describe the effects of power in negative terms: it “excludes”, it “represses”, it “censors”…it “conceals”. In fact power produces reality; it produces domains of objects and rituals of truth’.
    Foucault
  20. ‘In Russia the State was everything, civil society was primordial and gelatinous; in the West there was a proper relation between the State and civil society, and when the State trembled a sturdy structure of civil society was at once revealed. The State was only an outer ditch, behind which there stood a powerful system of fortresses and earthworks.’
    Gramsci
  21. ‘Any specific distribution of knowledge confers a general capacity for action upon those individuals who carry and constitute it, and that capacity for action is their social power, the power of the society they constitute by bearing and sharing the knowledge in question. Social power is the added capacity for action that accrues to individuals
    through their constituting a distribution of knowledge and thereby a society.’
    Haugaard
  22. ‘Pattern variables: 1) Affectivity V Affective neutrality, 2) Diffuseness V Specificity,
    3) Particularism V Universalism, 4) Ascription V Achievement...’
    Parsons
  23. ‘[T]he bias of a system is not sustained simply by a series of individually chosen acts, but also, most importantly, by the socially structured and culturally patterned behaviour of groups, and practices of institutions, which may indeed be manifested by individual’s inaction.’
    Lukes
  24. ‘Power should be understood as the capacity of one or several classes to realize their specific interests.’
    Poulantzas
  25. ‘Power then is [a] generalized capacity to secure the performance of binding obligations… [which] are legitimized with reference to bearing upon collective goals and where in the case of recalcitrance there is a presumption of enforcement [coercion]…’
    Parsons
  26. The expiation that once rained down upon the body must be replaced by a punishment that acts upon the depths of the heart, the thoughts, the will, the inclinations. Malby formulated the principle once and for all: Punishment, if I may put it, should strike the soul rather than the body.
    Foucault
  27. ‘What is called “public opinion” is closely linked to political hegemony, that is, it is the point of contact between “civil society” and “political Society”, between consent and force.’
    Gramsci
  28. ‘Symbolic power is the power to make things with words. …. In this sense, symbolic power is a power of consecration or revelation, the power to reveal things that are already there.’
    Bourdieu
  29. ‘One should conceive of episodic instances of agency power as the most apparent, the most easily accessible and most visible circuits of power.’
    Foucault
  30. ‘I do not see how anyone can suppose that he has established the dominance of a specific group in a community or a nation without basing his analysis on the careful examination of a series of concrete decisions.’
    Dahl
  31. ‘The prohibitions of medieval society, even the feudal courts do not yet impose any very great restraint upon the play of emotions…..’
    Elias
  32. ‘Agency both structures and is structured through routinization.’
    Giddens
  33. ‘Power is not simply reducible to individual decisions, but also explained in terms of non-decisions.’
    Lukes
  34. ‘Structures are both enabling and constraining.’
    Giddens
  35. 'The three-dimensional view offers… the prospect of a serious sociological and not merely personal explanation of how political systems prevent demands from being made’
    Lukes
  36. ‘I do not see how anyone can suppose that he has established the dominance of a specific group in a community without basing his analysis upon careful examination of concrete decisions…’
    Dahl
  37. ‘The bourgeoisie began by considering that its own sex was something important, a fragile treasure, a secret that had to be discovered at all costs.’
    Foucault
  38. ‘The problem of social order is the issue of time-space distantiation. There is not just an organization in time-space, but of time-space.’
    Giddens
  39. ‘The analysis I have made so far shows that power itself is not a quantity or object of possession……. As applied to social class, power should be understood as the capacity of one or several classes to realize their specific interests. It is a concept designating the field of struggle…..’
    Haugaard
  40. ‘We are the context that makes an object what it is. The target is a target only to the extent to which it is believe it to be a target…’
    Haugaard
  41. ‘Bentham’s Panopticon is the architectural figure of this composition. We know the principle on which it was based: at the periphery, an annular building; at the centre a tower…’
    Foucault
  42. ‘AGIL stands for Adaption, Goal attainment, Integration and Latency.’
    Parsons

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