the idea that in government the executive, legislative and judicial branches would systematically balance each other and that the government would be checked by the power of the individual states.
exemplified by the American Constitution and the Bill of Rights, liberty meant individual freedoms, and political safeguards, equality meant equality before the law, not equality of political participation or wealth.
a monarchy were the king remains head of state but all lawmaking power goes to the hands of another governing body such as the National Assembly.
orders, the way in which Frances inhabitants were legally divided the clergy, the nobility, and everyone else.
a monarchy where the power of the husband and father was as absolute over the wife and the children as that of Napoleon over his subjects.
a group contesting control of the National Convention in France named after a department in southwestern France.
the fear of vagabonds and outlaws that seized the countryside and fanned the flames of rebellion.
in Revolutionary France, a political club whose members were a radical republican group.
liberty and equality
the two ideas that fuelled the revolutionary period in both America and Europe.
privileges of lordship that allowed them to tax the peasantry for their own profit.
French nationalism exploded with a common language and tradition reinforced by the idea of popular sovereignty and democracy as the French were stirred by a common loyalty.
plan created by Robespierre and his coworkers that involved the government in the economy - the government would set maximum allowable prices for key products rather than letting supply and demand determine prices.
Reign of Terror (1793-1794)
Robespierre used revolutionary terror to solidify the home front, in special courts rebels and enemies of the nation were tried for political crimes.
this did not mean democracy, rather it was voting for representatives as being restricted to those who owned property.
the name for the laboring poor and the petty traders.
a phase when the fall of the French monarchy marked a rapid radicalization of the Revolution.
the idea that people alone had the authority to make laws limited an individuals freedom of action, in practice this system of government meant choosing legislators who represented the people and were accountable to them.
a group contesting control of the National Convention in France led by Robespierre and Georges Jaques Danton.
a reaction to the Reign of Terror where middle class professionals reasserted their authority.
Olympe de Gouges
Condemned Declaration on the rights of Man because it did not defend women
Abolished monarchy, declared France a republic
Temporary government formed by Third Estate to begin reforms