Card Set Information
politics final russo
characteristics of a bureaucracy (4)
advancement by merit
what is a clientele group
group of citizens whose interest are affected by an agency/department & who work to influence its politics
clientele groups are similar to...
factions - Fed 10
4 concerns with bureaucracy
: bureaucrats are responsible/answerable to their supervisors for their performances
: not a lot of oversight from Congress
: slow to change over time. An agency;s goal is to exist and may change its original directive. There's a greater incentive to be cost ineffective
Is it a democratic process?
: Bureaucrats are appointed not elected. There is no say in how well they do their jobs.
2 Benefits of unelected experts
not persuaded by public opinion
decisions are made w/ a degree of expertise
Richard Lowis's Iron Triangle includes 3 points
what does a congressional committee do?
sends bills to clientele group
distributes pork to bureaucratic group
Iron Triangle benefits and perks
benefits those who are only w/in the iron triangle
each pursues for their own self-interest
history of bureaucracy includes
practice of firing government workers from a defeated party and replacing them with workers loyal to the winning party
system where a successful candidate rewards friends, contributors, and party loyalists for their support with jobs, contracts, favors.
refers to nonmilitary employees of the government who are appointed through merit
President Garfield's contribution to Civil Service reform (2)
: required merit rather than patronage to be the basis for hiring civil servants
: limits political activities within bureaucracy, cannot participate in electioneering
How many Cabinet level departments are there and how is it headed by
15 departments each led by secretary except Department of Justice, lead by Attorney General.
How are Independent Agency's structured and how much independence does it have?
structured like Departments (single head appointed by Prez) but are more narrowly focused
ex) NASA, CIA, NEA
how independent an agency is depends on its importance and role
what agency is not stated in the Constitution
created by congress as "Necessary & Proper"
How are Independent Agency's structured
makes regulations, limitations, laws for businesses, industries, economic sectors
co-created by Congress to provide to the public a good service that the government cannot profitably provide
what does a Clientele group do?
provide program alternatives
Resources interest group provides 4 things
what is Olson's collective action problem
difficulty of getting people to work together to solve a common problem
what is the difference between politics and interest groups
: gets people into office, electioneering
: gets people into office