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1. Sexuality (development; misconceptions)
- o Sexuality is influenced by the values we learned in our family
- o Cultural values & Familial expectations
- o Abstinence is a valid choice
- o Honestly question yourself
- o What are your reasons for choosing to have or not have sex?
- o How do you feel about discussing sex?
- o Define your boundaries and enforce them
2. guilt & misconceptions
- o GUILT over sexual feelings
- o Lack of control?
- o GUILT over sexual experiences
- o masturbation, affairs, promiscuity, “abnormal” sexual practices
- o MISCONCEPTIONS about sexuality
- o Become aware of verbal and non-verbal messages regarding sexuality and gender-role behavior
close familiarity or friendship; closeness.
3. Sensuality vs. sexuality
- o Sexuality- expressing ourselves through physical contact with another.
- Sensuality-experiencing pleasure with all 5 senses
- Sensuality does not always include sexual activity
- not doing anything sexual
- Immunodeficiency Virus- positive vs. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
- all are treatable, few are curable
- HPV, Genital Warts, etc.
- cause: sterility, organ damage, and other life-threatening complications
• Loneliness vs. solitude
- • LONELINESS- GENERALLY TRIGGERED BY CERTAIN LIFE EVENTS.
- • -DEATH, BREAKUPS, RELOCATION
- • SOLITUDE IS TIME TO…
- • - BE WITH OURSELVES
- • - DISCOVER WHO WE ARE
- • - RENEW OURSELVES
- • WE NEED TIME ALONE AS MUCH AS WE NEED HUMAN CONNECTION
- • -NEED TO PROCESS OUR EXPERIENCES
- • -RELAXATION FROM ALL THE WORLD’S INPUT
- • Types of loneliness
- • Literal-*******************Transient Loneliness: brief feelings of loneliness that occur due to an expected or unexpected life-changing event.
- • Chronic Loneliness: occurs when people are unable to establish meaningful interpersonal relationships over a long period of time.
- • Everyday Loneliness: involves the pain of being isolated from other people.
- • -associated with a fear of intimacy
- • -feelings of shame
- • -fear of being unlovable
- • - rejection
- • Existential Loneliness: the profound sense that there is an unbridgeable gap that separates us from others.
- what you do to survive and thrive to be the best
• Effects of loneliness
- --In childhood – Reliving childhood experiences of loneliness can help us come to grips with our present fears about being alone or lonely.
- • -In adolescence – more likely to experience loneliness than others
- • -In young adulthood _ we experiment with ways of being, and we establish
- • lifestyles that may remain with us for many years.
- • -In middle age -can result in new feelings of loneliness./ relate events
- • -In the later years- As we age, we may lose some of our vitality and sense of power or attractiveness.
• Contrast between: Career vs. Occupation vs. Job
- • -Your Career - day u start working and end. everything u do/ every job ull ever have
- • -An occupation - field
- • -Your job - position u hold for the moment
John Holland’s 6 occupational personality types-
- Conventional/ realistic
- Enterprising/ investigatetive
- Social/ artistic
-what u do for urself
• Why are humans unique?
more than just reproducing, finding meaning
- -“therapy through meaning” or “healing
- • through meaning.”
-are core beliefs that influence how we act.
- -essential part of one’s
- spiritual development, involves caring about another’s suffering and doing something
- • about it.
-encompasses our relationship to the universe and is an avenue for finding meaning and purpose in living
Philosophy of life-
is made up of the fundamental beliefs, attitudes, and values that govern a person’s behavior.
Basic spiritual values
- -qualities of goodness,
- kindness, love, compassion, tolerance, forgiveness, human warmth, and caring.
- -pertains to the knowledge, language,
- values, and customs that are passed from person to person and from one generation to the next generation.
-biased behavior in action
- Bias-using our own
- culture or country as a standard of what is right and good and judging other cultures or countries by our own frame of reference.
-judgmental generalization applied to an individual without regard to his or her own uniqueness;
Yalom and death anxiety
- -Everyday loneliness involves the pain of being isolated from other people.
- This is an interpersonal loneliness often associated with the fear of intimacy
- and feelings of shame, rejection, or of being unlovable. Existential loneliness (or
- existential isolation) is associated with a profound sense of an unbridgeable gap that
- separates us from others.
- ---The wish to survive and the dread
- of annihilation are always present. This is a pervasive fear to live with, yet it can
- teach us as much about living as dying.
- • Morrie Schwartz was an elderly professor
Suicide statistics (textbook)
30,00 suicides a yr
Myths about suicide
- -There are few or no warning signs for suicide.
- ■ People who talk about committing suicide will not do it.
- ■ Young people are more likely than old people to kill themselves.
- ■ Once a suicidal crisis has passed, the person is out of danger.
- ■ Suicide is genetic.
- • ■ People who attempt suicide are intent on dying.
• Stages of dying (5)
• Denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance
- Suicidal thoughts and threats
- ■ Absence of a sense of purpose in life
- ■ Previous suicidal threats or comments
- ■ Preoccupation with death, including talk of feeling hopeless and helpless
- ■ Giving away prized possessions
- ■ Discussing specific methods and a time for killing oneself
- ■ Anxiety, agitation, and depression
- ■ Increased substance use
- ■ Isolation and withdrawal from friends and family
- ■ Extreme changes of behavior and sudden personality changes
- ■ A sudden need to get one’s life in order
- ■ A sudden appearance of calm or peace after a period during which some of these above-listed characteristics were evident
-refers to the exploration of feelings generated by a significant loss.
-pertains to the formal practices of an individual or community in response to a death
Worden’s tasks of mourning
- -1. Accept the reality of the loss. Before mourning can begin, the death of a person
- needs to be faced. Accepting this loss needs to be done both intellectually and
- emotionally. For many there will be a time lag before they are able to experience
- the emotional impact of the reality of a loss.
- 2. Work through the pain of grief. When the bereaved accept the reality of their
- loss, pain usually follows. Those in mourning need to experience and express
- the emotional pain of a loss, and at the same time learn to nurture themselves
- both physically and emotionally.
- 3. Adjust to an environment in which the deceased is missing. Learning to develop
- a new relationship with the deceased is a gradual and unfolding process.
- Although the bereaved do not have to let go of all ties to the person who has
- died, it is important to say good-bye and to grieve the loss.
- 4. Emotionally relocate the deceased and move on with life. The phrase “moving on
- with life” entails finding a meaningful way to live without the person who
- has died. Mourners eventually need to develop a new sense of identity based
- on a life without the deceased. This task involves restructuring the relationship
- with the deceased in a way that is satisfying, but that also reflects the lifecircumstances that have changed after the loss.
-involves providing lethal means to cause a person’s death, with the individual performing the act that ends his or her own life
-involves speeding up the dying process, which can entail withholding or withdrawing life support.
- are designed to protect the self-determination of people who have reached a point in their illness when they are not able to make decisions on their own about their care.
Gender role socialization
-process of learning the norms and roles that are expected of people in a particular society
-widely accepted beliefs about females'’ and males’ abilities, personality traits, and behavior patterns
-both genders. Anima=men//animus woman
Schlossberg’s 5 paths *************************
-Continuers - keep on move on into dfferent things
-Adventurers - take on life and go
-Searchers - searching for meaning
-Easy Gliders - go with the follow
-Retreaters - give up
• Traditional female roles
- -Resistant to traditional gender roles
- • Limiting gender stereotypes
- • poor self concept, wellbeing, and physical health
- • Caretaker of the family