AP Psych: Abnormal Psychology Test

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AP Psych: Abnormal Psychology Test
2014-12-07 17:50:58
ap psych abnormal psychology sen markingperiodtwo
Senior Psychology
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  1. What are the foundations of diagnosing someone as mentally ill?
    • Disturbing
    • Maladaptive
    • Atypical
    • Unjustifiable
  2. Doing something out of the ordinary
    ex: Walking around naked
  3. Emotionally or mentally troubling; so much that it will scare other people
    ex: Schizophrenic people telling others what they see
  4. Incapable of being explained
    ex: Killing animals for (apparently) no reason
  5. Hurting or keeping the individual from achieving goals, or functioning properly in society
    ex: Staying in your room all day
  6. What is the ONLY purpose of the DSM?
    To identify
  7. What does the DSM stand for?
    Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
  8. How many major categories of mental illnesses are there?
  9. What is on each of the Axis' in the Multi-Axial Model?:
    Axis I
    Axis II
    Axis III
    Axis IV
    Axis V
    • Axis I:
    • Clinical Disorders
    • Other illnesses other than Personality Disorders

    • Axis II:
    • Personality Disorders
    • Mental Retardation

    • Axis III:
    • General Medical Conditions
    • (ex: Being overweight)

    • Axis IV:
    • Environmental influences

    • Axis V:
    • GAF Scale Level
  10. What are the problems with labeling someone as mentally ill?
    Once we label someone they are looked at differently and gives a suggestion
  11. What are the POSITIVES of the Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
    Telling someone they're gifted or bright might be enough to make them work harder and better
  12. What are the NEGATIVES of the Self-Fulfilling Prophecy?
    Labels can make you want to act negatively since others may view you this way as well
  13. How does one go about getting information out of a mentally ill individual?
    • Closed Ended vs. Open Ended Questions
    • Interview Process
    • Intelligence Tests
    • Projective and Self-Report Personality Tests
  14. Similar to having a conversation with the individual to find out all the necessary information

    Uses open-ended questions

    Free association
    Unstructured Interviews
  15. Mix between the unstructured and structured interview
    Uses both open and closed questions
    Semi-Structured Interviews
  16. Follows a preset of questions
    Uses close-ended questions
    Structured Interviews
  17. What is the best type of interview?
    Semi-Structured Interview
  18. What are 2 types of Intelligence Tests?
    • Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test
    • Wechsler Intelligence Scale
  19. What is the only Projective Test?
    Rorschach Inkblot Test
  20. You project your thoughts and feeling onto the counselor
    Projective Tests
  21. Solely used as a conversation starter or icebreaker
    Rorschach Inkblot Test
  22. Psychological disorders characterized by distressing persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety
    Anxiety Disorder
  23. What is one common habit that people who suffer with anxiety do? 
    What is the misconception with it?
    • Cigarette Smoking
    • They think that it reduces their anxiety, but it actually worsens it
  24. 5 examples of Anxiety Disorders?
    • Generalized Anxiety Disorder
    • Panic Disorder
    • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
    • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
    • Phobias
  25. An anxiety disorder in which a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of automatic nervous system arousal

    Usually tied to insomnia and has difficulty concentrating
    Generalized Anxiety Disorder
  26. Anxiety disorders affect women _____ than men.
    2x more
  27. An anxiety disorder marked by unpredictable minutes-long episodes of intense dread in which a person experience terror, chest pain, choking, or other frightening sensations.
    Panic Disorder
  28. How is a Panic Disorder similar to the feeling of a Heart Attack?
    • Numbness
    • Dizziness
    • Comes unexpectedly
    • Shortness of breath
    • Trembling
    • Choking
  29. Smokers of Panic Disorder are at a ______ greater risk of developing a debilitating disease.
  30. An anxiety disorder marked by a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object, activity, or situation
  31. Intense shyness and fear of social situations, leading to avoidance of such.
    Social Anxiety Disorder
  32. What was Social Anxiety Disorder called formerly?
    Social Phobia
  33. Fear or avoidance of situations, such as crowds or wide open places where one has felt loss of control and panic
  34. A disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and or actions (compulsions)
    Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
  35. Unwanted thoughts that are intrusive in nature
  36. Repetitive unwanted actions
  37. An anxiety disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, numbness of feeling, and/or insomnia that lingers for 4 weeks or more after a traumatic experience
    Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  38. What are 3 types of PTSD and how long does each last?
    • Acute: Less than 3 months
    • Chronic: Greater than 3 months
    • With delayed on set: After 6 months
  39. Positive psychological changes as a result of struggling with extremely challenging circumstances and life crises
    Posttraumatic growth
  40. Psychological disorder characterized by emotional extremes.
    Mood Disorders
  41. What are 4 examples of Mood Disorders?
    • Major Depressive Disorder
    • Bipolar disorder
    • Dysthymic Disorder
    • Mania
  42. Is the same as Major Depressive Disorder, but lasts for more than 2 years and has no manic or hypomanic episodes
    Dysthimic Disorder
  43. Mood disorder in which someone, for no reason or in the absence of drugs/another medical condition, goes through two or more weeks of depressed moods and has a strong correlation with insomnia.
    Major Depressive Disorder
  44. What else is Major Depressive Disorder known as?
    Unipolar Disorder
  45. A mood disorder marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimistic state
  46. A mood disorder in which a person alternates between depression and mania
    Bipolar Disorder
  47. What was Bipolar Disorder formerly known as?
    Manic-Depressive Disorder
  48. What are the 2 types of Bipolar Disorder?
    • Bipolar I
    • Bipolar II
  49. Is the typical version of Bipolar Disorder
    There are depressed and manic episodes
    Can add in with rapid cycling (quick mood changes = 18 hrs)
    Bipolar I
  50. Not as common type of bipolar disorder
    Contains hypomanic (very irritable)
    Bipolar II
  51. Why does Bipolar Disorder have such a high suicide rate?
    They fear of lapsing into the depressive state after going through the manic episode
  52. About how many hours does it take for a person to change from depression to mania in Bipolar Disorder?
    72 Hours
  53. What are 4 examples of Personality Disorders?
    • Anti-Social Personality Disorder
    • Borderline Personality Disorder
    • Histrionic Personality Disorder
    • Narcissistic Personality Disorder
  54. Psychological disorder characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning
    Personality Disorder
  55. Compulsive fretting, overthinking about our problems and their causes
  56. A personality disorder in which a person exhibits a lack of conscience, has no remorse, is very ruthless and cunning.
    Anti-Social Personality Disorder (APD)
  57. What childhood disorder can turn into Anti-Social Personality Disorder if not treated?
    Conduct Disorder
  58. For Anti-Social Personality Disorder, PET Scans show little activity in what lobe?
    The frontal lobe
  59. Anti-Social Personality Disorder is most commonly found in...
  60. People with Anti-Social Personality Disorder are sometimes called...
    • Psychopath
    • Sociopath
  61. Most, if not all Serial Killers have...
    Anti-Social Personality Disorder
  62. Personality disorder that has trouble with relationships, trust issues, emotions change very quickly, persistent flucuation in self-image and self-mutilating behavior
    Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)
  63. What are 3 examples of Borderline Personality Disorder that can be self-damaging
    • Sex Habits
    • Substance Abuse
    • Reckless Driving
  64. Personality Disorder that occurs mostly in FEMALES. Is very similar to Borderline Personality Disorder. These people love attention, dress slutty, and are drama queens.
    Histronic Personality Disorder (HPD)
  65. What is the one key goal of Histronic Personality Disorder?
  66. Personality Disorder that occurs mostly in MALES. These people need praise and compliments. They lack sympathy.
    Narcissistic Personality Disorder
  67. What is the one key goal of Narcissistic Personality Disorder?
    To gain a bigger ego
  68. Symptoms in addition to normal behavior
    ex: Hallucinations
    Positive Symptoms
  69. Not having the symptoms of normal behavior
    Negative Symptoms
  70. What types of medicines do these disorders take?
    • Anxiety= Xanax/Valium
    • Bipolar = Lithium
    • Depression = Zoloft
    • ADHD = Adderall
    • Schizophrenia = Thorazine/Haldrol
    • GAD = Effexor
  71. Someone who is so mentally disturbed/drained that it leads to them creating physical ailments
    The symptoms are not intentionally produced or fake.
    Conversion Disorder
  72. Preoccupation with fears of having or the idea that one has a serious disease based on a person's misinterpretation of bodily symptoms
  73. Who created the Cognitive Triad of Depression?
    Aaron Beck
  74. Creating unrealistic expectations 
    ex: "Should and Must"