Breakdown of Words.txt

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Author:
JDenae
ID:
290725
Filename:
Breakdown of Words.txt
Updated:
2014-12-05 22:10:05
Tags:
Medical terminology
Folders:
Nursing
Description:
Nursing School
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  1. albumin
    protien
  2. blast
    developing cell
  3. glomerul
    little ball
  4. gluc/glyco
    sugar
  5. nephro
    kidney
  6. pyel
    renal pelvis
  7. reno
    kidney
  8. ureter
    ureter; muscles that propel urine from kidney to bladder.
  9. ur/urine
    urine
  10. urethro
    urethra
  11. azot
    urea
  12. bacterio
    bacteria
  13. hemo/hemato
    blood
  14. keto/keneto
    ketone
  15. nocto
    night
  16. oligo
    few in number
  17. proteo
    protien
  18. pyo
    pus
  19. emia
    condition of blood
  20. urea
    urine
  21. uresis
    urination
  22. uria
    pertaining to urination
  23. cyst
    bladder
  24. hydro
    water
  25. lith
    stone
  26. nephro
    kidney
  27. pyel
    pelvis
  28. spadias
    rip or tear
  29. steno
    narrow
  30. -cele
    herina/swelling/protrusion
  31. -oma
    tumor
  32. -ectomy
    removal
  33. -gram
    image
  34. -graphy
    recording process
  35. -pexy
    fixation
  36. -plasty
    repair
  37. -rrphaphy
    suturing
  38. -stomy
    surgical opening, making of a hole or window. usually to drain.
  39. -tomy
    a cut through tissue
  40. -tripsy
    surgical crushing
  41. neo-
    new (natal)
  42. appendo/appendic
    appdendix
  43. bi/o
    life
  44. cardi/o
    heart
  45. cerebr/o
    cerebrum
  46. dermat/o
    skin
  47. gastr/o
    stomach
  48. hem/o
    blood
  49. hepat/o
    liver
  50. hyster/o
    uterus
  51. laryng/o
    larynx; voice box
  52. leuk/o
    white blood cells
  53. mamm/o
    breast
  54. mast/o
    breast
  55. nat/o
    birth
  56. neur/o
    nerve
  57. path/o

    cardiopathy means?
    disease
  58. proct/o
    rectum or anus
  59. psych/o
    mind
  60. rhin/o
    nose
  61. tonsill/o
    almond, tonsil
  62. vas/o
    vessel
  63. -philia
    loving, affinity for
  64. -plasty
    surgical repair
  65. syndrome
    group of symptoms that together make a specific condition, disorder or disease
  66. -emisis

    hematemesis means?
    vomiting

    vomiting of blood
  67. -malacia
    softening
  68. -oxia
    oxygen
  69. -phagia

    what does dysphagia mean?
    swallowing

    difficulty swallowing
  70. -phasia
    speaking
  71. -plegia
    paralysis
  72. -oma

    what does osteoma mean?
    tumor

    tumor of bone
  73. -asthenia

    myasthenia?
    weakness

    weakness of muscle
  74. -atresia

    hysterastria?
    closure or absence of an opening that's supposed to be there.

    closure of uterine cavity
  75. -dynia

    tenodynia?
    pain

    pain in tendon
  76. -penia

    calcipenia?
    abnormal reduction

    reduction of calcium in tissues and fluids
  77. -plasia

    what does neoplasia mean?
    growth

    new growth. (usually a tumor)
  78. -rrhagia

    so what is rhinorrhagia?
    profuse bleeding

    nose bleed
  79. -rrhea

    seborrhea?
    excessive discharge

    sebaceous glands
  80. -sclerosis
    condition of hardening
  81. -phylaxis

    prophylaxis?
    protection

    protection treatment to prevent disease
  82. contra-
    counter/against
  83. meta-
    changed
  84. ambi-
    both
  85. hemi-

    hemiplegia means?
    half

    half body is paralyzed
  86. dialysis
    removes uric acid and urea from blood
  87. para-
    abnormal
  88. peri-

    pericardium
    around

    covers around the heart
  89. supra-
    above/superior
  90. a-

    asymptomatic
    without

    without symptoms
  91. dys-
    bad/abnormal/diffucult
  92. heter/hetero

    heterotropia
    different

    eyes are set differently
  93. macro
    large
  94. tachy-
    fast
  95. brachi/o
    arm
  96. caud/o
    tail
  97. cervic/o
    neck
  98. cyt/o
    cell
  99. dors/o
    back
  100. femor/o
    thigh
  101. ili/o
    hip/groin
  102. inguin/o
    groin
  103. lumb/o
    lower back
  104. organ/o
    tool
  105. thorac/o
    chest/thorax
  106. tom/o
    to cut
  107. diff b/t frontal. sagittal, transverse plane
    • frontal: ant and post
    • sagittal: left and right
    • transverse: superior and inf
  108. appendages
    limbs. head, arms, legs
  109. cavities
    spaces in body that are filled with organs
  110. disease
    state of body where it failed to maintain homeostasis
  111. pathology
    study of disease
  112. diagnosis
    identification of illness
  113. sign
    objective observation instead of "experience"
  114. acute
    short duration
  115. chronic
    long duration
  116. infection
    bacteria/viruses/fungi attack body cells
  117. trauma
    physical injury
  118. prognosis
    preditction of course of disease and outcome
  119. diagnostic imaging
    obeserve internal structures w/o surgical opening
  120. endoscopy
    flexible tube witha camera
  121. CAT scan
    • computed
    • axial
    • tomography

    images of "slices" of body produce 3-d image
  122. PET scan
    • positron
    • emisson
    • topography
    • tracks radioactive labeled substance (glucose). used to find tumors
  123. MRI
    • magnetic
    • resonance
    • imaging
    • magnets respond to hydrogen atoms in body. used to diagnose cancer, joint disease, trauma
  124. ultrasound
    soundwaves/echoes
  125. aden/o
    gland
  126. aut/o
    self
  127. cutane/o
    skin
  128. cyan/o
    blue
  129. derm/o dermat/o
    skin
  130. follicul/o
    follicle
  131. kerat/o
    horny tissue
  132. onych/o
    nail
  133. seb/o
    sebum/oil

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