med list.txt

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med list.txt
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2014-12-05 22:03:08
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  1. HAART
    • HIV
    • Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
    • combination of 3+ antiretroviral drugs
    • reduces drug resistance, decr viral load, keeps immune system strong
    • expensive, severe GI symptoms
  2. NRTI - Nucleoside-analog Reserse Transcriptase Inhibitor
    • HIV
    • antiretroviral agent
    • 1 of the 3 main drugs that prevent HIV from getting stronger
    • works from w/in the cells
    • severe GI symptoms
  3. NNRTI - Non-Nucleosided Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
    • HIV
    • antiretroviral agent
    • 1 of the 3 main drugs that prevent HIV from getting stonger, works from w/in the cells
  4. Protease Inhibitors
    • HIV
    • antiretroviral agent
    • 1 of the 3 main drugs that prevent HIV from getting stonger, works from w/in the cells
  5. Entry inhibitors
    • HIV
    • antiretroviral agent
    • GI symptoms
  6. Fusion Inhibitors
    • HIV
    • antiretroviral agent
    • respiratory symptoms
  7. Atripla
    • HIV
    • antiretroviral agent
    • most common viral suppressant
    • used in combination w/ others
    • recommended as an initial antiretrovirus regimen
  8. Compera
    • HIV
    • antiretroviral agent
    • most common viral suppressant
    • used in combination w/ others
  9. vitamin and mineral supplements
    • chronic and acute Pancreatitis
    • maintains good nutrition, compensated for inability to digest fats and starches
  10. steroids
    • pain/inflamation
    • reduce autoimmune response
    • chronic and acute Pancreatitis
    • for pain and inflammation
  11. pancreatic enzymes
    chronic and acute Pancreatitis
  12. pancrelipase (lipancreatin)
    • pancreatitis
    • replaces pancreatic enzymes used for digestion of fats and starches, improves nutrition, dec stooling
    • GI, headache
  13. Hydromorphone (dilaudid) IV /PO
    • moderate to sever pain
    • pancreatitis
    • narc
  14. Hydrocodone (vicodin) po
    • pancreatitis
    • pain
    • narc
  15. Acetaminophen (tylenol)
    • pancreatitis
    • pain
  16. Ibuprofen (motrin)
    • pancreatitis
    • pain
  17. Probantheline bromide
    • chronic pancreatitis
    • pain
    • *take 30mins ac
    • *do not give within 1hr of an antacid/antidiarrheal
  18. Insulin
    • acute/chronic pancreatitis, diabetes
    • improve digestion, control blood glucose
    • corrective and meal coverage
  19. Tums, Mylanta, Maalox
    • pancreatitis, reflux
    • antiacids
    • neutralize stomach acids
    • *1hr apart from orals
    • *Empty stomach
    • *Chew/glass water
  20. Octreotide (Sandostatin)
    • acute pancreatitis
    • IV, sick pt, calm down auto digesting
    • Inhibits secretion of panc. Enzymes
  21. H2 blockers
    • acute and chronic pancreatitis, liver failure, reflux
    • decr production of HCL
    • HCL signals pancreatic enzymes to be activate
    • *Give with or immed. after meals
  22. Cimetidine (Tagamet)
    • acute and chronic pancreatitis, liver failure, reflux
    • H2blockers
    • decr production of HCL
    • HCL signals pancreatic enzymes to be activate
    • *Give with or immed. after meals
  23. Ranitidine (Zantec)
    • acute and chronic pancreatitis, liver failure, reflux
    • H2 blockers
    • decr production of HCL
    • HCL signals pancreatic enzymes to be activate
    • *Give with or immed. after meals
  24. Famotidine (Pepcid)
    • acute and chronic pancreatitis, liver failure, reflux
    • H2blockers
    • decr production of HCL
    • HCL signals pancreatic enzymes to be activate
    • *Give with or immed. after meals
  25. Protein Pump inhibitors
    • pancreatitis, liver failure, reflux
    • suppress gastric acid secretion
    • **caution use with Digoxin, dilantin, blood thinners, because it causes toxicity issues
  26. Lansoprazole (Prevacid)
    • pancreatitis, liver failure, reflux
    • Protein Pump inhibitors
    • suppress gastric acid secretion
    • **caution use with Digoxin, dilantin, blood thinners, because it causes toxicity issues
  27. Omeprazole (Prilosec)
    • pancreatitis, liver failure, reflux
    • Protein Pump inhibitors
    • suppress gastric acid secretion
    • **caution use with Digoxin, dilantin, blood thinners, because it causes toxicity issues
  28. Pancrealipase (lipancreatin)
    • chronic pancreatitis
    • Replaces the enzymes used for digestion of fats and starches, improves nutrition, and decreases stooling
    • give with meals
    • Monitor stools/frequency/consistency
    • If enteric do not crush, chew or mix with milk or ice cream
    • If powder sprinkle on food, pt must rinse after use as this is irritating to the mouth
  29. potassium sparing Spironolactone (aldactone) Furosemide (lasix)
    • used together have the best outcome for controlling ascites and edema
    • Diuretics
  30. Lactulose
    • liver and kidney failure,
    • high ammonia levels
    • Laxative
    • draws ammonia into poop
  31. Neomycin
    • liver and kidney failure,
    • high ammonia levels
    • Laxative
    • draws ammonia into poop
  32. Propanolol (inderal)
    • liver failure
    • Beta blocker
    • for portal hypertension, relaxes blood vessels
  33. Isosorbide (isordil)
    • liver failure
    • Nitrates
    • vasodilates
    • dizzy, flushing, headache
  34. Vitamin K
    • liver failure
    • blood clotting
  35. Oxazepam (serax)
    • dt's, Antianxiety
    • easier on the liver than valium
  36. steroids
    do not take w/ liver failure
  37. tylenol
    do not take with liver failure
  38. barbituates
    do not take with liver failure
  39. seditives
    do not take with liver failure
  40. hypnotics
    do not take with liver failure
  41. Methylprednisone
    • Crohn's, UC
    • steroid
  42. Imuran,
    • Crohn's, UC, Lupus
    • immune suppressant
  43. cyclosporine (Sandimmune)
    • Crohn's, UC, RA
    • immune suppressant
  44. Methlytrexate (Mexate)
    • Crohn's, UC
    • immune suppressant
  45. Remicade
    • Crohn's, UC, RA
    • DMARD
    • biological therapy,targets specific immune responses
    • Significant Adverse effects
  46. Humira
    • Used for moderate to severe cases of Crohn's, UC, RA
    • DMARD
    • biological therapy, targets specific immune responses
    • Significant Adverse effects
  47. Sulfasalazine (Azulfidine)
    • Crohn's, UC
    • Aminosalicylates
    • Local Anti-inflammatory Agents targets intestines - Local effects on the intestinal mucosa, it blocks prostaglandin which plays into normal inflammatory response
  48. Balsalazide (Colazal)
    • Crohn's, UC
    • Aminosalicylates
    • Local Anti-inflammatory Agents targets intestines - Local effects on the intestinal mucosa, it blocks prostaglandin which plays into normal inflammatory response
  49. Loperamide (Imodium)
    • Crohn's, UC
    • Anti diarrhea
    • Dosing is dependent upon stools/day
    • ***Antidiarrheals are not given in severe flareups of Colitis as this may cause toxic megacolon!
  50. Diphenoxylate with atropine (Lomotol)
    • Crohn's, UC
    • Anti diarrhea
    • Dosing is dependent upon stools/day
    • ***Antidiarrheals are not given in severe flareups of Colitis as this may cause toxic megacolon!
  51. Metronidazole (Flagyl)
    • Crohn's, UC
    • Antibiotics
    • reactive to certain GI flora that may be causing inflamm, infection
  52. Ciprofloxin (Cipro)
    • Crohn's, UC, UTI (MS)
    • Antibiotics
    • reactive to certain GI flora that may be causing inflamm, infection
  53. *hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil)
    • Lupus, RA
    • anti-malarial
  54. Cytoxan
    • Lupus
    • immune suppressant
  55. Cellcept
    • Lupus
    • immune suppressant
  56. belimumab [BENLYSTA]
    • Lupus
    • immune suppressant
  57. Celecoxib (Celebrex)
    • RA
    • 2nd generation NSAID
  58. Low dose corticosteroids 1 - 5 mg
    RA
  59. DMARDS
    • RA
    • disease modifiying anti-rheumatic drug
    • reduces s/s, inhibit structural damage, improve function
  60. leflunomide (Arava)
    • RA
    • DMARD
  61. etanercept (Enbrel)
    • RA
    • DMARD
  62. Methotrexate
    • RA, Crohn's. UC
    • immune suppressant, DMARD
  63. nitroglycerin
    • angina
    • vasodilator
  64. dilaudid
    • pain
    • narcotic
  65. morphine
    • pain
    • narcotic
  66. vicodin
    pain
  67. fenoterol
    bronchio spasms
  68. Meperidine (demerol)
    pain
  69. diazepam (Valium)
    • anxiety
    • MS
    • Muscle Relaxants/spasticity,
    • light headed, weak, fatigue, dry mouth, change in balance
  70. reteplase
    • MI, embolisms, coronary arteries
    • thrombolytic
  71. tenecteplase
    • MI, embolisms, coronary arteries
    • thrombolytic
  72. pacerons
    • afib, tachy
    • antidysrthymics
  73. digoxin
    • afib
    • antidysrthymics
  74. cardizem
    • afib
    • antidysrthymics
  75. warfin
    • afib, blood clot
    • antidysrthymics, blood thinner
  76. Cholinesterase inhibitors
    • Alzheimer's Disease
    • they do not increase the amt of acetylcholine but prolong its presence, inhibits the breakdown of actylcholine
    • dizzy, diarrhea, weight loss, insomnia
  77. Donepezil (aricept)
    • early/middle stage Alzheimer's Disease
    • Cholinesterase inhibitor
  78. Galantamine (razadyne)
    • early/middle stage Alzheimer's Disease
    • Cholinesterase inhibitor
  79. Rivastigmine (exelon) (patch)
    • early/middle stage Alzheimer's Disease
    • Cholinesterase inhibitor
  80. Memantine (Namenda)
    • moderate to late Alzheimer's Disease
    • use in combination with aricept
    • SOB, hallucinations
  81. TPA (alteplase)
    • ischemic stroke, PE, MI, embolisms, coronary arteries
    • thrombolytic, fibrinolysis, clot buster
    • hemorrhage
  82. coumadin
    • ischemic stroke
    • Anticoagulant
    • reduces synthesis of active clotting factors.
    • bleeding, headache, N/V
  83. heparin
    • ischemic stroke
    • Anticoagulant
    • prevents formation of fibrin
    • bleeding
  84. lovenox
    • ischemic stroke
    • Anticoagulant
    • prevents formation of fibrin
    • bleeding
  85. ticlid
    • ischemic stroke
    • Anti platelet
    • blocks platelet form
    • low platelet, WBC, diarrhea
  86. plavix
    • ischemic stroke
    • Anti platelet
    • blocks platelet form.
    • itching, bleeding, bruising, nosebleed
  87. persantine
    • ischemic stroke
    • Anti platelet
    • inhibits platelet aggregation, vasodilates
    • dizzy, headache
  88. furosemide/Lasix
    • acute renal failure
    • diuretic
    • inhibits the reabsorption of sodium and chloride, thus excreting more water, sodium, chloride, potassium, magnesium, washes out toxins, establish urine output to prevent oliguria
    • dizzy, headache, n/v, low potassium
  89. Kayexalate
    • acute renal failure
    • removes potassium by switching out K for sodium
    • n/v, constipation, anorexia, low potassium
  90. Streptokinase
    • PE
    • disolves blood clots
    • hypotension, bleeding, respiratory depression
  91. Beta 2 stimulates
    • COPD
    • relaxes smooth muscle, dilates bronchioles
    • stimulates heart
    • short acting: keep track of how often used, too much indicates need for better long acting tx
    • long acting: maintainence, take at same time each day
    • brady, mouth sores, dizziness, headache, N/V, insomnia
  92. metaproterenol,
    • COPD
    • Beta 2 stimulate
    • Short acting bronchodilator - give first
    • cardiac stimulation
  93. alupent
    • COPD
    • Beta 2 stimulate
    • short acting bronchodilator - give first
    • cardiac stimulation
  94. albuterol
    • COPD
    • Beta 2 stimulate
    • short acting bronchodilator - give first
    • less heart stimulation
    • cardiac stimulation
  95. proventil,
    • COPD
    • short acting bronchodilator - give first
    • Beta 2 stimulate
    • less heart stimulation
  96. ventolin,
    • COPD
    • Beta 2 stimulate
    • short acting bronchodilator
    • give first
    • heart stimulation
  97. Formoterol ( Perforomist)
    • COPD
    • Beta 2 stimulate
    • long acting bronchodilator
    • cardiac stimulation
  98. salmeterol (Serevent)
    • COPD
    • Beta 2 stimulate
    • long acting bronchodilator
    • cardiac stimulation
  99. Arformoterol tartrate (Brovana)
    • COPD
    • Beta 2 stimulate
    • long acting bronchodilator
    • cardiac stimulation
  100. Anticholinergic bronchodilators
    • COPD
    • relaxation of the large airways-Bronchi
    • bronchodilation
    • good for cardiac pt as it is gentler on the hearts
  101. Ipratropium (Atrovent)
    • COPD
    • anticholinergic bronchodiator
    • short acting
  102. Tiotropium (Spiriva)
    • COPD
    • anticholinergic bronchodiator
    • longer acting
  103. inhaled steroids
    • COPD
    • Inhaled steroids are not fast-acting medicines, so you must take them on a daily basis in order to obtain the full benefit., for inflammation, not rescue, use short acting meds first
    • nasal stuffiness, mouth sores, lung infections
  104. Budesonide (Pulmicort)
    • COPD
    • inhaled steroid
    • give second
  105. Fluticasone (Flovent)
    • COPD
    • inhaled steroid
    • give second
  106. Triamcinolone (Azmacort)
    • COPD
    • inhaled steroid
    • give second
  107. Symbicort
    • COPD
    • combination meds
    • steroid + long acting beta antagonist
  108. Combivent
    • COPD
    • combination meds
    • 2 bronchiostimulants + anticholinergic
    • less side effects
  109. Advair
    • COPD
    • combination med
    • steroid + long acting beta antagonist
  110. methylxanthines:
    • COPD
    • direct relaxation of bronchi, pulm. vessels
    • IV or oral
    • heart stimulate
  111. aminophylline
    • COPD
    • direct relaxation of bronchi, pulm. vessels
    • IV or oral
    • heart stimulate
  112. theophylline
    • COPD
    • direct relaxation of bronchi, pulm. vessels
    • IV or oral
    • heart stimulate
  113. Mucolytic:
    • COPD
    • pill, mist,
    • emphysema won't use
    • N/V, cough
  114. mucomyst,
    • COPD
    • thins mucus so it can be coughed up
    • Mucolytic
  115. guaifenesin
    • COPD
    • thins mucus so it can be coughed up
    • Mucolytic
  116. INH (isoniazid)
    • TB
    • bacteriocide
  117. RIF (Rifampin)
    • TB
    • bacteriocide
  118. Priftin (Rifapentine)
    • TB
    • antibactic
  119. PZA(Pyrazidimine)
    • TB
    • bactericidal and bacteristatic
  120. Interferon Beta 1B (Betaseron)
    • MS
    • immuneregulators,
    • improves MRI plaques rate, lengthens remissions,
    • S/E: flu like symptoms, constipation, depression, swelling in arms and legs
  121. Inteferon Beta 1A (Avonex)
    • MS
    • immuneregulators,
    • reduces MRI plaques,
    • S/E: infection, change in eye sight, low WBC,
  122. glatiramer (Copaxone)
    • MS
    • Immunosuppressants,
    • S/E: infections, flushing, nervous/excitability, liver damage,
    • 20mg SQ Daily
  123. Ampyra (dalfampridine)
    • MS
    • potassium channel blocker,
    • interacts with excitability in neurons, assist with mobility issues, walking primarily,
    • Do not take if known kidney disease,
    • BID as extended release
  124. Gilenya (fingolimod)
    • MS
    • immunomodulator,
    • interferes with WBC migration to the cells which is triggering the destruction of the myelin,
    • used for loss of balance,
    • muscle spasms,
    • recommends all patients be observed for six hours after receiving their first dose due to Bradycardia effects. also recommends eye examinations to detect macular edema
  125. Prednisone (Deltasone)
    • Crohn's, UC
    • steroid
  126. baclofen (lioresal, gablofen)
    • MS
    • Muscle Relaxants/spasticity
    • S/E: dizzy, light headed, N/V
  127. dantrolene (Dantrium)
    • MS
    • Muscle Relaxants/spasticity
  128. carbamazepine (Tegretol)
    • MS
    • anti seizure/Neuropathic pain,
    • light headed, weak, fatigue, dry mouth, change in balance
  129. gabapentin (Neurontin)
    • MS
    • anti seizure/Neuropathic pain,
    • light headed, weak, fatigue, dry mouth, change in balance, fatigue
  130. modafinil (Provigil)
    • MS
    • for fatigue, promotes wakefullness/dopamine
  131. Sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra)
    • UTI
    • antibiotic
  132. Papaverine injections
    Erectile Dysfunction
  133. tadalafil (Cialis)
    Erectile Dysfunction
  134. sildenafil (Viagra)
    Erectile Dysfunction
  135. vardenafil (Levitra)
    Erectile Dysfunction
  136. DDAVP (desmopressin)
    Urinary urgency
  137. onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox)
    Bladder Dysfunction
  138. tolterodine (Detrol)
    Bladder Dysfunction
  139. oxybutynin (Ditropan)
    Bladder Dysfunction
  140. tamsulosin (Flomax)
    Bladder Dysfunction
  141. terazosin (Hytrin)
    Bladder Dysfunction
  142. docusate (colace)
    Constipation
  143. Mineral oil
    Constipation
  144. bisacodyl (dulcolax)
    Constipation
  145. Levadopa
    • parkinsons
    • dopamine
    • nausea, loss of appetite, vomiting, and lowered blood pressure.
  146. Carbidopa
    • parkinsons
    • reduces the side effects of levadopa
  147. Simemet
    • parkinsons
    • carbidopa + Levadopa
    • 25/100
    • Gold Standard
    • 3 - 4 x/day
  148. ComT inhibitor
    • parkinsons
    • inhibit 3-0 methyldopa - which breaks down dopamine
    • liver toxicity issues
  149. Stalevo
    • parkinsons
    • Simemet + ComT inhibitor
    • (levadopa carbidopa entacapone)
    • liver toxicity issues
  150. Tasmar (tolcapone)
    • parkinsons
    • ComT inhibitor
    • **liver damage and failure
    • Adverse: dizziness, dyskinesias, GI upset, ?b/p, sleep disorders
    • don't do these right away, try sinamet first
  151. Comtan (entacopone)
    • parkinsons
    • ComT inhibitor
    • used to manage fluctuations combined w/ sinamet
    • Adverse: dizziness, dyskinesias, GI upset, ?b/p, sleep disorders
    • don't do these right away, try sinamet first
  152. Cogentin (benztropine)
    • parkinsons
    • anticholinergic
    • blocks acetylcholine so more dopamine can be absorbed
    • not as affective, more side effects
    • use if tremor and drooling are not otherwise controlled
    • Dry mouth, nausea, blurred vision, nervousness, dizziness
  153. Benadryl
    • parkinsons
    • effective in elderly to control drooling
  154. dopamine agonists
    • parkinsons
    • not dopamine, but the body "thinks" it is
  155. Mirapex (pramipexole)
    • parkinsons
    • dopamine agonists
    • excessive daytime sleepiness, low blood pressure and behavioral problems
  156. Requip (ropinirole)
    • parkinsons
    • dopamine agonists
    • excessive daytime sleepiness, low blood pressure and behavioral problems
  157. Amantadine (Symmetrel)
    • parkinsons, MS,
    • anti viral
    • for fatigue, promotes wakefullness/dopamine
    • nausea, insomnia
  158. vivitrol
    • alcoholism
    • longer acting naltrexone
    • blocks the good feelings
    • liver dysfunction
  159. acamprosate (campral)
    • alcholism
    • eases withdrawal symptoms
    • liver dysfunction
  160. naltrexone (revia
    • alcoholism
    • blocks the good feeling
  161. antabuse
    • alcoholism
    • very ill if alcohol is consumed
  162. ziprasidone (geodon)
    bipolar
  163. olanzapine (zyprexa)
    bipolar
  164. lamotrigine (lamictal)
    bipolar
  165. valproic acid (depakote)
    bipolar, seizures
  166. lithium (lithobid)
    • bipolar
    • hypothyroid warning
  167. MOAI
    • atypical antidepressant
    • tyamine warning
  168. doxepin (adapin, sinequan)
    • depression
    • trycyclic
    • heart failure, dizziness
  169. amitriptyline (elavil)
    • depression
    • tricyclic
    • hear failure, dizziness
  170. buspiron (buspar)
    • general anxiety dsorder
    • 2 weeks for effect
    • insomnia, excitement
  171. alprazolam (xanax)
    • general anxiety disorder, panic disorder
    • quicker acting
  172. Lorazepam (ativan)
    • general anxiety disorder
    • quicker acting
  173. clonazepam (klonopin)
    • general anxiety disorder
    • quicker acting
  174. bupropion (wellbutrin)
    • general anxiety disorde
    • rsnri
  175. venlafaxine (effexor)
    • general anxiety disorder
    • snri
  176. citalopram (celexa)
    • anxiety depression, bipolar,
    • antidepressant, OCD, PTSD
    • ssri
  177. paroxetine (paxil)
    • anxiety, depression, bipolar
    • ssri, antidepressant
  178. escitalopram (lexapro)
    • anxiety, depression, bipolar
    • ssri, antidepressant
  179. sertaline (zoloft)
    • anxiety, depression bipolar
    • ssri, antiepressant
  180. fluoxetine (prozac)
    • anxiety, depression, bipolar,
    • ssri, antidepressant
  181. haloperidol (haldol)
    • delirium
    • dizzy, nervous, const., weight gain
  182. risperidone (risperdal)
    • delirium
    • dizzy, insomnia, HTN
  183. quetiapine (seroquel)
    • delirum
    • dizzy, HTN, high chol. & trigly
  184. olanzapine (zyprexa)
    • delirium
    • dizzy, HTN, hostility
  185. aripaprazole (abilify)
    • delirium
    • SRT,
  186. ketoconazole (nizorsal)
    • cushings
    • attacks exess steroid cells
  187. mytyrapone (metopirone)
    • cushings
    • decrease activity of adrenal cortex
  188. Beta-blockers
    • *olol
    • mild to severe hypertension,
    • management of heart failure,
    • portal hypertension
    • management of angina pectoris following myocardial infarction.
    • anxiety and panic disorders,
    • migraine prophylaxis,
    • tremor,
    • ophthalmic products for the treatment of glaucoma
    • blocks the response to beta-adrenergic stimulation
    • hypotension
  189. Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitor
    • *pril
    • high blood pressure
    • scleroderma
    • migraines
    • relaxes blood vessels by preventing the body from producing angiotensin II,  which narrows blood vessels and releases hormones that raises blood pressure.
    • chronic cough 
  190. Angiotensin II Receptor Blocker
    • *sartan
    • hypertenstion
    • post MI
    • heart failure
    • blocks angiotensin II, which relaxes blood vessels
    • more effective and less side effects than ACE inhibitors
  191. Statins:
    atorvastatin (Lipitor)
    simvastatin (Zocor)
    lovastatin (Mevacor)
    pravastatin (Pravachol)
    rosuvastatin (Crestor)
    • hyperlipidemia
    • lowers cholesterol by blocking the substance the body needs to make cholesterol,
    • may also help the body reabsorb cholesterol that has already built up in the blood vessels
    • Muscle and joint aches (most common)Nausea
    • Diarrhea
    • Constipation
    • high blood sugar in DM
    • liver damage
  192. Magnesium Sulfate
    • constipation
    • seizures in preclampsia
    • eclampsia
    • cardiac arrhythmias
    • osmotic retention of fluid in bowels;
    • decreases acetylcholine in motor nerve terminals;
    • acts on myocardium by slowing rate of S-A node impulse formation and prolonging conduction time.
    • diarrhea

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