Canine Parvo virus

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
290735
Filename:
Canine Parvo virus
Updated:
2014-12-05 22:45:32
Tags:
canine feline parvo virus cpv
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canine feline fall 2014
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  1. One of the most common causes of infectious diarrhea in dogs less than 6 months
    canine viral enteritis
  2. Diarrhea pathogenesis (primary causes)
    1.
    2.
    3.
    • 1. CPV 1 and 2
    • 2. CCV (k9 corona)
    • 3. CRV (k9 rota)
  3. Facts about Canine Parvo virus
    > (aka)
    > first isolated-->
    > morbidity and mortality-->
    >
    >
    • > minute virus
    • > military dogs 1967
    • > 20%-90% morb. 0-50% mort.
    • > highly contagious and often fatal disease
    • > non-enveloped DNA
  4. Parvo history:
    >morbidity and mortality associated with mutation of ____ to _____
    >___ late 70s
    >____ undergone genetic mutaion in dog to develop new strains
    >___ 80s
    > 84 ______ -> associated with genetic adaptation enabling parvo to replicate and spread more effectively in canine
    >____ 2000 - infection of cats
    • > CPV-1 to CPV-2
    • > CPV-2
    • > CPV-2
    • > CPV-2a
    • > CPV-2b
    • > CPV-2c
  5. Location of Parvo internationally:
    > found in all countries through out the world
    > North and South America, Asia, Europe, but not in Australia
    > now found in 14 states of U. S.
    • > CPV-1, CPV-2a, CPV-2b
    • > CPV-2c
    • > CPV-2c
  6. CPV-2 primarily associated in two tissues
    1.
    2.
    ____ and _____ can also be affected
    • 1. GI tract
    • 2. myocardium
    • ¬†skin and nervous tissue
  7. In more severe cases of parvo other complication from a 2ndry infection or ______(presence of platelets and fibrin causing vascular obstruction) can occur in dogs (1) less than ____ old (2) with a lack of _____ and have (3) _______.
    • >thrombosis
    • (1) 12 weeks old
    • (2) immunity
    • (3) higher number of replicating and dividing cells
  8. ______ is not as common as GI tract infections, it can develop _____ and pups younger than _____ will die or succumb after a short period of retching, crying and dyspnea.
    • >myocarditis
    • >in-utero
    • >8 weeks
  9. Why do we get a leukopenia with parvo?
    > first action of parvo-
    >
    • > inhibits wbc division in the bone marrow
    • > turns immune system off before making its way to GI tract
  10. Diagnosing CPV:
    >_______ through CITE or IDEXX
    >CBC: _____ with ______ and ______
    >possible high 
    >fecal exam to rule out___
    >______: titer of _____ for CPV
    • >ELISA Test
    • >leukopenia with lymphopenia and neutropenia
    • >PCV
    • >hooks
    • >serology: 1:10,000
  11. Most common test for CPV____
    >common for parvo
    >very sensitive in its ability to detect actual presence of the virus in the stool
    ELISA Test
  12. Test time essential:
    During ________ large amounts of the virus can be detected in the feces and the tissues. Parvo will usually disappear from the feces after ____.
    • >acute viremic period
    • >7-9 days
  13. Treatment of Parvo:
    >goal is to support the animal until infection has run its course. 4 avenues of suppprt:
    >
    >
    >
    >
    • > fluids
    • > antibiotics
    • >antiemetic drugs
    • > pain killer
  14. Parvo prevention: 2 rules
    >
    >
    • > minimize exposure
    • > vaccination

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