Training Guide for the National Lifeguard

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Author:
KaZuma_t3
ID:
290746
Filename:
Training Guide for the National Lifeguard
Updated:
2014-12-06 02:46:40
Tags:
lifeguard
Folders:
lifeguard
Description:
lifeguard
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The flashcards below were created by user KaZuma_t3 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Rescue scene assessment
    • ensure no further danger to the rescuer(s) and victim
    • find out what happened and current status of victim
    • determine if spinal injury
    • call for assistance
  2. Primary survey
    • A: airway
    • B: breathing
    • C: circulation
    • D: defibrillator 
    • E: external/internal injuries
    • F: find medical tags
  3. Secondary survey
    • breathing:
    • monitor vitals
    • SAMPLES
    • head to toe check
    • monitor vitals
    • non-breathing
    • :
    • head to toe check
    • monitor vitals
    • SAMPLES
    • monitor vitals
  4. Shock
    • warmth
    • monitor vitals (abc)
    • comfortable position (semi-prone)
    • treat for other injuries
    • monitor vitals
  5. Heart attack or angina
    • call EMS, bring AED & trauma bag (bystander)
    • comfortable position
    • SAMPLES
    • for M
    • - 'is this yours'
    • - 'have you taken any ED drugs in past 72 hours'
    • monitor vitals
    • CPR + update EMS if victim loses vital signs
    • fill report
  6. External bleeding
    • apply direct pressure
    • check circulation
    • apply dressing
    • wrap injury
    • check circulation 
    • monitor vitals
    • fill report
  7. Stroke
    • comfortable postion (semi-prone)
    • call EMS, bring AED & trauma bag (bystander)
    • monitor vitals
  8. Unconscious victim
    • abc
    • call EMS, bring AED & trauma bag (bystander)
    • CPR (5 cycles)
    • semi-prone position (when breathing)
    • monitor vitals
    • fill report
    • roll back & head to toe check (EMS not arrived)
    • monitor vitals
  9. Heat and cold
    • abc
    • determine cause of injury and remove from cause
    • treat for shock
    • fill report
    • monitor vitals
    • fill report
  10. bone or joint injury
    • check circulation
    • immobilize injury
    • check circulation
    • add wrapped ice (10-15min)
    • monitor vitals
    • fill report
  11. Burns
    • determination of burn severity
    • immediate flushing with cool water 
    • apply dry sterile dressing
    • monitor vitals
    • fill report
  12. Suspected head injury
    • immobilized head
    • call EMS, bring AED & trauma bag (bystander)
    • monitor vitals
    • fill report
  13. Seizure
    • let seizure stop & protect victim
    • time seizure
    • contact EMS, bring AED & trauma bag
    • semi-prone position 
    • monitor vitals 
    • fill report
  14. Diabetes
    • comfortable position 
    • SAMPLES
    • sugar administered if conscious
    • call EMS if no changes
    • fill report
  15. Poisoning
    • call EMS, bring AED & trauma bag (bystander)
    • find cause of poisoning (find container)
    • treat as instructed
    • monitor vitals
    • fill report
  16. SAMPLE
    • signs and symptoms
    • allergies
    • medications
    • past medical history
    • lat oral intake
    • event summary
  17. short whistle
    long whistle
    2 short whistles
    2 long whistles
    • public attention
    • guard attention
    • minor situation
    • major situation
  18. head to toe examination
    • head
    • neck
    • collarbones
    • shoulders arms & hands
    • chest & under
    • abdomen & under
    • pelvis & buttocks
    • legs ankles and feet
  19. 3 guard team: guard 1 role
    • recognizes emergency
    • communicates/signals with other lifeguards
    • push alarm
    • initiates primary assessment
    • tells G2 and G3
    • stays with victim
  20. 3 guard team: guard 2 role
    • recognizes emergency
    • communicates/signals with other lifeguards
    • push alarm
    • clears pool
    • back up for G1
    • tells G3
  21. 3 guard team: guard 3 role
    • responds to communication/signal
    • clears pool
    • brings AED & trauma bag
    • crowd control
    • calls EMS
    • fills report
  22. guard 1 role: vitals (victims head)
    • primary assessment
    • secondary assessment
    • SAMPLE
    • takes vitals
    • positions victim
    • monitors vitals
  23. guard 2 role: backup (victims side)
    • assists primary assessment
    • defibrillator
    • primary survey
    • secondary survey
  24. guard 3 role: control
    • sets up gear
    • calls EMS
    • fills report & patron interviews

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