aamz exam 2

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aamz exam 2
2014-12-07 23:55:45

aamz exam 2 ccma exam qts anatomy anf physiology.
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  1. Which of the following terms describes the body's ability to maintain its normal state?
  2. Each of the following is known to help prevent infection EXCEPT
    (A) hair in the nose(B) mucous membranes(C) osteoblasts(D) saliva(E) tears
  3. Each of the following mature cells has a nucleus EXCEPT
    (A) lymphocyte(B) monocyte(C) erythrocyte(D) basophil(E) neutrophil
    (C) erythrocyte
  4. Which of the following is flexible connective tissue that is attached to bones at the joints?
  5. Each of the following is located in the mediastinum EXCEPT the
    (A) aorta(B) esophagus(C) heart(D) pancreas(E) trachea
  6. Which of the following is the body cavity that contains the pituitary gland?
  7. Which of the following closes and seals off the lower airway during swallowing?
  8. Which of the following is located beneath the diaphragm in the right upper quadrant of the abdominal cavity?
  9. Which of the following anatomical regions of abdomen lies just distal to the sternum?
  10. Which of the following cavities are separated by the diaphragm?
    Thoracic and abdominal
  11. Which of the following terms describes the motion of bending the forearm toward the body?
  12. In which of the following positions does a patient lie face down?
  13. If the foot is abducted, it is moved in which direction?
  14. The anatomic location of the spinal canal is
  15. Which of the following is a structural, fibrous protein found in the dermis?
  16. A patient has a fracture in which the radius is bent but not displaced, and the skin is intact. This type of fracture is known as which of the following?
    closed, greenstick
  17. Which of the following is the large bone found superior to the patella and inferior to the ischium?
  18. The physician directs the medical assistant to complete a request form for an x-ray study of the fibula. The procedure will be performed on which of the following structures?
    Lower leg
  19. Which of the following is a disorder characterized by uncontrollable episodes of falling asleep during the day?
  20. The point at which an impulse is transmitted from one neuron to another neuron is called the
  21. Which of the following controls body temperature, sleep, and appetite?
  22. Which of the following cranial nerves is related to the sense of smell?
  23. Which of the following is a substance that aids the transmission of nerve impulses?
  24. The carotid pulse is located
    on the anterior side of the neck
  25. A patient sustains severe blunt trauma to the left upper abdomen and requires surgery. The body organ most likely to be involved is the
  26. Where is the sinoatrial node located?
    in the upper wall of the right atrium
  27. blood flows from the right ventricle  of the heart into the
    pulmonary arteries
  28. Oxygenated blood is carried to the heart by the
    pulmonary veins
  29. The thoracic cage is a structural unit important for
  30. Exhaled air, when compared with inhaled air, contains more
    carbon dioxide and less oxygen
  31. In the lungs, gas exchange occurs in tiny one-celled air sacs called
  32. Bile enters the gastrointestinal tract at the
  33. Each of the following is a segment of the large intestine EXCEPT the(A) ascending colon(B) cecum(C) ileum(D) sigmoid colon(E) transverse colon
    (C) ileum
  34. which of the following conditions is characterized by incompetence of the esophageal sphincter?
    gastroesophageal reflux disease
  35. Which of the following organs removes bilirubin from the blood, manufactures plasma proteins, and is involved with the production of prothrombin and fibrinogen?(A) Gallbladder(B) Kidney(C) Liver(D) Spleen(E) Stomach
  36. Which of the following is an accessory organ of the gastrointestinal system that is responsible for secreting insulin?(A) Adrenal gland(B) Gallbladder(C) Liver(D) Pancreas(E) Spleen
  37. Which of the following is the lymphoid organ that is a reservoir for red blood cells and filters organisms from the blood?(A) Appendix(B) Gallbladder(C) Pancreas(D) Spleen(E) Thymus
  38. The process whereby the stomach muscles contract to propel food through the digestive tract is called(A) absorption(B) emulsion(C) peristalsis(D) regurgitation(E) secretion
    (C) peristalsis
  39. Saliva contains an enzyme that acts upon(A) starches(B) proteins(C) fats(D) minerals(E) vitamins
    (A) starches
  40. In men, specimens for gonococcal cultures are most commonly obtained from which of the following?(A) Anus(B) Bladder(C) Skin(D) Testicle(E) Urethra
  41. The cluster of blood capillaries found in each nephron is the(A) afferent arteriole(B) glomerulus(C) Loop of Henle(D) renal pelvis(E) renal tubule
    (B) glomerulus
  42. Which of the following conditions is characterized by the presence of kidney stones (renal calculi)?(A) Glomerulonephritis(B) Interstitial nephritis(C) Nephrolithiasis(D) Polycystic kidney(E) Pyelonephritis
  43. Urine flows through the urinary system in which order?(A) Bladder, kidney, ureter, urethra, urethral meatus(B) Bladder, urethra, kidney, urethral meatus, ureter(C) Kidney, ureter, bladder, urethra, urethral meatus(D) Kidney, urethra, urethral meatus, bladder, ureter(E) Urethra, bladder, ureter, kidney, urethral meatus
    (C) Kidney, ureter, bladder, urethra, urethral meatus
  44. In men, which of the following structures is located at the neck of the bladder and surrounds the urethra?(A) Epididymis(B) Prostate(C) Scrotum(D) Seminal vesicle(E) Vas deferens
  45. Male hormones are produced by which of the following?(A) Glans penis(B) Prepuce(C) Prostate(D) Testes(E) Vas deferens
  46. Which of the following are mucus-producing glands located on each side of the vaginal opening?(A) Adrenal(B) Bartholin's(C) Bulbourethral(D) Corpus luteum(E) Parotid
    (B) Bartholin's
  47. Fertilization of an ovum by a spermatozoon occurs in the(A) cervix(B) fallopian tube(C) ovary(D) uterus(E) vagina
    fallopian tube
  48. Calcium, potassium, and sodium are classified as which of the following?(A) Androgens(B) Catecholamines(C) Electrolytes(D) Estrogens(E) Prostaglandins
  49. Which of the following is the master gland of the endocrine system?(A) Adrenal(B) Pancreas(C) Pineal(D) Pituitary(E) Thyroid
  50. Patients with which of the following diseases are treated with injections of vitamin B-12?(A) Bell's palsy(B) Crohn's disease(C) Diabetes mellitus(D) Graves' disease(E) Pernicious anemia
    Pernicious anemia