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What type of virus?
Single stranded enveloped DNA
What does the virus mostly affect?
GI tract but can cause myocardium
Where does CPV-2 divide at?
Divide and multiplies in fat cells of the GI tract
How can myocarditis develop?
From infection in-utero or in pups younger than 8 weeks and usually die after a short time
First action of CPV?
To inhabit WBC division in bone marrow and basically turn off the immune system
What animals can contract CPV?
All members of the canidae family
In 1967 what happened?
CPV-1 found in feces of military dogs, closely related to bovine parvo. Mutated into CPV-2
Nickname for CPV-1
Incubation period for CPV-1
Incubation period for CPV-2
Oral/nasal mostly from feces
Clinical signs with CPV
- Pronounced leukopenia: WBC count 2,000
- Increased PCV: 60-70%
- Diarrhea soft to watery with distinctive odor and bloody orange color
- Positive fecal ELISA test
- CBC and high pcv
- Fecal exam to rule out hookworms
- Serology: 1:10,000 titer
- Antibiotics to prevent secondary infection
- Anitemetic drugs
- Pain killers
- Withold food and water
- Minimize exposure
- Vaccination (Galaxy CPV-2b)