Card Set Information
microbiology study cards
Amplification (i.e. making lots of copies!) of DNA is accomplished by what process?
polymerase chain reaction
These match: cDNA and ____
Synthesized using reverse transcriptase
These match: mutagens and _____
create changes in microbes' genomes to change phenotypes
These match: Synthetic DNA and _____
creation of genes for specific proteins
In gel electrophoresis, DNA molecules move toward the ___ electrode because they have an overall ____ charge.
positive / negative
What would NOT be used to sterilize a mattress?
filtration, ionizing radiation
What would be used to sterilize a mattress?
The individual dairy creamers used in restaurants is NOT usually treated by what?
filtration, ionizing radiation, autoclaving
The individual dairy creamers used in restaurants is usually treated by what?
ultra-high temperature pasteurization
What statements are false about disinfectants?
effective in destroying endospores; used for sterilization; used on living tissue
This statement is True about disinfectants: They are used on ____ surfaces.
What is the process of incineration using the bacterincinerators NOT used for?
degerming, disinfection, or sanitization
What is the process of incineration using the bacterincinerators in lab used for?
What is not the target of antimicrobial agents?
What are the targets of antimicrobial agents?
cell walls, cell membranes, ribosomes, DNA
What physical agent is not included for controlling microbial growth?
What are the physical agents for controlling microbial growth?
UV radiation, boiling water, HEPA filter
What is the destruction of all microbes in or on an object called?
What is the reduction of potential pathogens on living tissue?
What is the destruction of most pathogens on nonliving surfaces?
What is the removal of pathogens to meet public health standards?
Name the process to kill pathogens and reduce spoilage microbes in beverages.
Modification of ____ _____ is usually considered an ethical, legal, or social issue (ELSI) regarding recombinant DNA technology.
The screening of humans for what is usually considered an ethical, legal, or social issue (ELSI) regarding recombinant DNA technology?
genes that predispose them to diseases
Dr. Kary Mullis won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1993 for his invention of this technique used extensively in biotechnology.
PCR (polymerase chain reaction)
What is usually not considered an ethical, legal, or social issue (ELSI) regarding recombinant DNA technology?
answering basic research questions
What can DNA fingerprinting NOT be used for?
to generate cDNA clones; to generate DNA libraries; to make subunit vaccines like Hep B
What is usually considered an ethical, legal, or social issue (ELSI) regarding recombinant DNA technology?
modification of animals to produce pharmaceuticals and spare organs for humans
What can DNA fingerprinting be used in?
Amplification (i.e. making lots of copies!) of DNA is NOT accomplished by:
gene probes, DNA sequencing, or western blot