microbiology

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Author:
Mume
ID:
290827
Filename:
microbiology
Updated:
2014-12-06 20:20:23
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microbiology
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microbiology study cards
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  1. Amplification (i.e. making lots of copies!) of DNA is accomplished by what process?
    polymerase chain reaction
  2. These match: cDNA and ____
    Synthesized using reverse transcriptase
  3. These match: mutagens and _____
    create changes in microbes' genomes to change phenotypes
  4. These match: Synthetic DNA and _____
    creation of genes for specific proteins
  5. In gel electrophoresis, DNA molecules move toward the ___ electrode because they have an overall ____ charge.
    positive / negative
  6. What would NOT be used to sterilize a mattress?
    filtration, ionizing radiation
  7. What would be used to sterilize a mattress?
    ethylene oxide
  8. The individual dairy creamers used in restaurants is NOT usually treated by what?
    filtration, ionizing radiation, autoclaving
  9. The individual dairy creamers used in restaurants is usually treated by what?
    ultra-high temperature pasteurization
  10. What statements are false about disinfectants?
    effective in destroying endospores; used for sterilization; used on living tissue
  11. This statement is True about disinfectants: They are used on ____ surfaces.
    inanimate
  12. What is the process of incineration using the bacterincinerators NOT used for?
    degerming, disinfection, or sanitization
  13. What is the process of incineration using the bacterincinerators in lab used for?
    sterilization
  14. What is not the target of antimicrobial agents?
    cytoplasm
  15. What are the targets of antimicrobial agents?
    cell walls, cell membranes, ribosomes, DNA
  16. What physical agent is not included for controlling microbial growth?
    sodium hypochlorite
  17. What are the physical agents for controlling microbial growth?
    UV radiation, boiling water, HEPA filter
  18. What is the destruction of all microbes in or on an object called?
    sterilization
  19. What is the reduction of potential pathogens on living tissue?
    antisepsis
  20. What is the destruction of most pathogens on nonliving surfaces?
    disinfection
  21. What is the removal of pathogens to meet public health standards?
    sanitation
  22. Name the process to kill pathogens and reduce spoilage microbes in beverages.
    pasteurization
  23. Modification of ____ _____ is usually considered an ethical, legal, or social issue (ELSI) regarding recombinant DNA technology.
    crop plants
  24. The screening of humans for what is usually considered an ethical, legal, or social issue (ELSI) regarding recombinant DNA technology?
    genes that predispose them to diseases
  25. Dr. Kary Mullis won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1993 for his invention of this technique used extensively in biotechnology.
    PCR (polymerase chain reaction)
  26. What is usually not considered an ethical, legal, or social issue (ELSI) regarding recombinant DNA technology?
    answering basic research questions
  27. What can DNA fingerprinting NOT be used for?
    to generate cDNA clones; to generate DNA libraries; to make subunit vaccines like Hep B
  28. What is usually considered an ethical, legal, or social issue (ELSI) regarding recombinant DNA technology?
    modification of animals to produce pharmaceuticals and spare organs for humans
  29. What can DNA fingerprinting be used in?
    forensic investigations
  30. Amplification (i.e. making lots of copies!) of DNA is NOT accomplished by:
    gene probes, DNA sequencing, or western blot

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