Page 4-21 (First group)

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Page 4-21 (First group)
2014-12-07 00:55:07
Page 21 Health Care
Health Care
Long Quiz #2
Show Answers:

  1. Every health care decision involves ___ and ___ and therefore also an ___
    • human needs
    • human values
    • ethical decision
  2. something that is essential to the emotional and physiological health and survival of humans
  3. Basic needs according to St. Thomas Aquinas
    • The need to preserve life
    • The need to procreate
    • The need to know the truth
    • The need to live in society
  4. birth and death of Abraham Harold Maslow
    April 1, 1908 - June 8, 1970
  5. he created Maslow's hierarchy of needs
    Abraham Harold Maslow
  6. it ranks basic human needs according yo what is crucial for survival
    Maslow's hierarchy of needs
  7. Maslow gave it the highest priority
    Physiological needs
  8. Maslow's hierarchy of needs
    • Self actualization
    • Esteem needs
    • belongingness and love needs
    • Safety needs
    • Physiological needs
  9. needs that is a must to human beings
    Physiological needs
  10. Sometimes referred to as basic needs
    Physiological needs
  11. Below the level of subsistence, death occurs
    Physiological needs
  12. Safety for both physiological and psychological. To feel safe, we need regular contact with people we trust and feel close to
    Safety needs
  13. Our feeling of structure and security is reinforced when we know where we stand in relation to others who are to them
    Love and belongingness
  14. derived largely from the feeling that we are valued by those around us
    self esteem needs
  15. the need to reach one's potential through development of one's unique capability
    self actualization needs
  16. characteristics of basic human needs
    • needs are universal
    • needs may be met in different ways
    • needs may be stimulated by external and internal factors
    • priorities may be altered
    • needs may be delayed
    • needs may be interrelated
  17. a need is basic if
    • its absence results in illness
    • its presence prevents or signal health
    • meeting an unmet need restores health
  18. characteristics of self actualized person
    • acceptance of self and others as they are
    • focus of interest on problems outside yourself
    • ability to be objective
    • feeling of happiness and affection for others
    • respect for all persons
    • ability to discriminate between good and evil
    • creativity as guideline for problem solving and carrying out interest
  19. according to lawrence kohlberg, ___ as the first source of values and moral develop for an individual
  20. levels of moral development
    • pre-conventional/pre-moral level
    • conventional level
    • post convventional/principles level
  21. orientations of preconventional/premoral level
    • punishment obedience orientaiton
    • personal reward orientaiton
  22. orientation in conventional level
    • good boy- nice girl orientation
    • law and order orientation
  23. post conventional/principles orientations
    • social contract orientations
    • universal ethical principle orientation
  24. make moral decisions strictly on the basis of self interest. Disobey rules if can do so without getting caught
    punishment- avoidance and obedience
  25. make satisfaction of own needs a higher priority
    exchange of favors
  26. Make decisions on the basis of what will please others. Interpersonal relationships
    Good boy/ good girl
  27. look to society as a whole for guidelines for behaviour. Think of laws as inflexible, unchangeable
    law and order
  28. recognize that rules are social agreements, that can be changed when necessary
    social contract
  29. adhere to a small number of abstract principles that transcend specific concrete rules. Answer to an inner conscience
    universal ethical principle
  30. 20th century's most influential figures in child development and learning and identified the following stages of development
    Jean Piaget's Theory
  31. child is totally self-centered
    amoral phase (occur up to age 2)
  32. children are not particularly interested or concerned with rules
    egocentric (ages 2-7)
  33. fun rather than the observation of rules
  34. morality of constraint
    heteronomous stage
  35. rules are taken very seriously and children tend to view behaviour as right or wrong
    morality of constraint
  36. begin developing a morality of cooperation. different levels of wrong doing require different punishment
    moral relativism
  37. Child becomes capable of imagining scenarios for which there are no rules. Engage in rule making
    Autonomous stage
  38. her goal is to prove that women are not moral midgets
    carol gilligan
  39. we are not born with values. 3 periods of development
    Morris Massey's Theory
  40. periods of development
    • imprint period
    • modelling period
    • socialization period
  41. absorbing everything around us and accepting much of it as true, especially when it comes to our parents
    imprinted period
  42. we copy people, often our parents but also other people
    modelling period
  43. we are largely influenced by our peers. We naturally turn to people who seem more like us
  44. types of value cohort
    • traditionalists
    • baby boomers
    • Syn-tecch generation
    • Generation Y or nexters
  45. this age group is highly influenced by their parents values which are oriented from the 1800
  46. this generation experienced the great depression and world war II both of whcih shaped how thy view the world
  47. traditionalist values
    • privacy
    • hard work
    • trust
    • formality
    • authority and institutional leadership
    • social order
    • things
  48. Morris Massey calles this group Nuagers
    Baby Boomers
  49. Represents the children of WWII veterans. "Me" decade. Did not go through economically hard times
    Baby Boomers
  50. Baby Boomers Value
    • Competition
    • Change
    • Hard Work
    • Success
    • Body Language
    • Teamwork
    • Anti-rules and regulation
    • Inclusion
    • Will fight for a cause
  51. this generation is economically conservative, remembering double digit inflation and the stress that their parents faced during times of on and off employment
    SYN-TECH Generation
  52. Generation X value
    • Entrepreneurial Spirits
    • Loyalty
    • Independence and creativity
    • Information
    • Feedback
    • Quality of work life
  53. represents people who have grown up during high tech revolution
    Generation Y or Nexters
  54. Generation Y values
    • Positive reinforcement
    • Autonomy
    • Positive attitude
    • Diversity
    • Money
    • Technology