French Revolution

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popper
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290926
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French Revolution
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2014-12-07 15:27:22
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  1. Louis XV
    neglected state affairs, 'After me the deluge'
  2. Louis XVI
    1774-1793, Marie Antoinette, beheaded
  3. Marie Antoinette
    Austrian, Louis XVI's wife, beheaded
  4. Abbe Sieyes
    leader of the 3rd estate, clergyman, National Assembly- 1789
  5. La Fayette
    leader of Armed National Guard, later wanted to stop
  6. Sans-culottes
    petty burgeoisie, got poor during the revolution, extreme left
  7. Francis I
    Marie Antoinette's brother, king of Austria, threatened to attack France
  8. Georges Danton
    leader of the Paris Commune and Jacobin Club
  9. Marat
    leader of Jacobine Club, stabbed to death by Charlotte Corday
  10. Brissot
    leader of Girondists, the moderate club
  11. Robespierre
    leader of Jacobins, practised terror
  12. Napoleon
    French emperor from 1804, set up military dictatorship, expanded France's territories, exiled to Elba
  13. Alexander I
    king of Russia in the Napoleonic Age, Peace of Tilst divided Europe bw. him and Napoleon
  14. Maria Lujza
    daughter of Francis I, wife of Napoleon
  15. Horatio Nelson
    defeated the French fleet in 1805 at Trafalgar
  16. Louis XVIII
    younger brother of Loius XVI, unpopular king of France
  17. Extreme right
    wanted to restore Old Regine, emigrés, priests
  18. moderates
    sat in between, wanted some more reforms but not so many
  19. radicals
    wanted to set up a republic, sat on the left, against the king
  20. extreme left
    sans-culottes
  21. conservatives
    opposed new changes, sat on the right, trusted the king in favour of Constitutional Monarchy
  22. First Commune
    extreme left oganisation with representatives
  23. Jacobines
    extreme left, leader: Robespierre
  24. Girondists
    moderate left
  25. Plebeians
    extreme left, leaders: Marat + Danton
  26. Jacobine dictatorship
    by Robespierre from July 1793-July 1794
  27. Peasant uprising
    at Vendée because of forced conscription
  28. États-Generaux in Versailles, by Louis XVI
    1789
  29. Third Estate -> National Assembly
    1789
  30. Tennis Court Oath (after locked out from meeting hall, 3rd estate vowed to stand foot until constitution)
    1789
  31. 1789 July 14
    Parisian mobs stormed the Bastille
  32. 1789 October
    women's march to Versailles - king's family-> Paris
  33. 1789 August 4
    National Assembly swept away ancient priviliges of nobility and clergy
  34. 1789 August 27
    Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen (passed equal justice, freedom of speech and religion)
  35. limited monarchy, 83 departments
    1791
  36. liberal burgeoisie constitution, inspiration is Engalnd, 3 branches
    1791
  37. king tried to escape to Austrian Netherlands
    1791
  38. Funeral March of Monarchy
    1791
  39. Marsfield mob against Armed National Guard - turning point
    1791
  40. 1791 August
    Declaration of Pilmitz (king of Prussia + Habsburg monarch <-> France with militari intervention
  41. 1792 April 20
    France declared war against Austria
  42. Louis + Marie Antoinette were imprisoned, Legislative Assembly became National Convention
    1792
  43. 1st coalition of Britain + Spain + Portugal + Prussia + Austria
    1792
  44. 1793 January 21
    Louis XVI executed
  45. Robespierre formed Comittee of Public Safety
    1793
  46. 1793 May 10
    Summary Court of Justice
  47. Battle at Fleum (defeated Spain)
    1794
  48. new scientific calendar
    1793
  49. Battle of Valmy (victory over Prussia)
    1792
  50. 1792 September 21
    Convent declared Republic
  51. Danton executed
    1794
  52. 1794 July 27/Thermidor 9
    Robespierre executed
  53. new constitution put power in hands of upper burgeoisie
    1795
  54. uprisings, sans-culottes put down
    1795
  55. first victories of Napoleon in Italy
    1796
  56. 1799 November 9/Brumaire 18
    coup d'etat
  57. Austria+Prussia were forced to make peace -> 1st coalition
    1799
  58. 2nd coalition -> Britain, Austria, Russia
    1799
  59. Britain + France - Peace Treaty of Amiens
    1802
  60. Napoleon wanted new constitution
    1800
  61. Napoleon started conquering, Austria + part of Italy
    1800
  62. 1800-1802
    treaties with Austria + Britain, concordat with the Pope
  63. Napoleon 1st consul for life
    1802
  64. Napoleon was crowned emperor
    1804
  65. absolute monarchy = French empire
    1804
  66. Code Napoleon - abolished 3 estates, citizens were equal, he was above the law, restored slavery in colonies
    1804
  67. 3rd coalition Britain+Russia+Austria+Prussia+Sweden
    1805
  68. Battle of Ulm (Napoleon entered Vienna)
    1805
  69. Battle of Trafalgar (Napoleon gave up to invade Br)
    1805
  70. Battle of Austerlitz (defeated Au+Ru)
    1805
  71. Battle of Jena (invaded Berlin)
    1806
  72. Battle of Friedland (invaded Russia)
    1807
  73. Treaty of Tilsit (Napoleon - Poland, Alexander I, Ottoman Empire)
    1807
  74. Continental blockade (cut off trade with Br)
    1806

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