Subjunctive, indicative, imperative

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Subjunctive, indicative, imperative
2014-12-07 23:03:37
spanish spanishverbs subjunctive spa131

verbs and phrases that cause subjunctive
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  1. What are the 3 moods in spanish?
    • Subjunctive
    • Indicative
    • Imperative
  2. What are the 5 conditions expressed with subjunctive
    • 1. Doubt, denial, disbelief
    • 2. volition (will)
    • 3. emotion
    • 4. unreality
    • 5. conjunctions
  3. used with doubt, denial, disbelief
    • dudar: doubt
    • negar: denial
    • no creer: disbelief
  4. used with volition (will, decision making)
    • aconsejar: advise
    • decir: to say, tell
    • desear: to wish
    • mandar: to send, order
    • necesitar: to need
    • pedir (i,i) : to ask for, to order
    • querer: to want
    • recomendar (ie): to recommend
    • sugerir (ie,i): to suggest
    • preferir (ie): to prefer
  5. used with emotion
    • temer: to fear
    • esperar: to wait for, hope
    • alegrarse(de): to be glad
    • sentir(se) (ie,i): to feel, regret
    • amar: to love
  6. used with indefiniteness and nonexistence
    used when the main clause refers to something or someone that is indefinite, unspecified, hypothetical, or nonexistent
  7. examples of indefiniteness and nonexistence
    • ¿Hay alguna excursión que incluya cena?
    • Is there any tour that includes supper? (indefinite)
    • No, no hay ninguna que la incluya.
    • No, there is not any that includes it. (nonexistence) 
    • Estamos buscando un restaurante donde sirvan comida italiana. (unspecified)
    • (We are looking for a restaurant where they serve italian food)
  8. used with conjunctions after
    • subjunctive is used AFTER conjunctions of time when the clause refers to something that has not taken place or a command
    • examples:
    • cuando (when)
    • hasta que (until)
    • tan pronto como, en cuanto (as soon as)
    • No, vamos a esperar hasta que venga Eva.
    • (No, we're going to wait until Eva comes)
    • Bueno, llámeme en cuanto llegue.
    • (ok, call me as soon as she arrives)
  9. used with conjunctions always
    • if conjunction implies uncertainty or condition it is always followed by subjunctive
    • a menos que: unless
    • antes de que: before
    • en caso de que: in case
    • con tal (de) que: provided that
    • para que: in order that, so that
    • sin que: without
  10. What are the conditions used with indicative?
    • actions
    • events
    • states
    • truth
    • facts
    • obvious qualities
  11. what tenses does indicative use?
    • many tenses including
    • present (simple and present perfect)
    • past (preterite, imperfect)
    • future
    • conditional
  12. what is imperative?
  13. how do formal commands work?
    • ud. and uds. are formed by dropping the -o from the first person singular present indicative tense and adding -e and -en for -ar verbs and -a and -an for -er and -ir verbs
    • hablar → yo hablo → hable or hablen
  14. irregular verbs in command form
    • dar: dé and den
    • estar: esté and estén
    • ser: sea and sean
    • ir: vaya and vayan
  15. where are object pronouns placed in regards to affirmative and negative commands?
    • affirmative: object pronouns placed after the verb
    • negative: object pronouns placed in front of the verb
  16. how do familiar commands work?
    • affirmative familiar commands in the tú form have the same form as the third-person singular of present indicative
    • ex: pedir → él pide→ pide
  17. verbs with irregular affirmative command for the tú form
    • decir: di
    • hacer: haz
    • ir: ve
    • poner: pon
    • salir: sal
    • ser: sé
    • tener: ten
    • venir: ven
  18. negative commands of tú use
    • the corresponding forms of the present subjunctive
    • ex
    • salir→ no salgas