Oceanography Chapter 2 Baker OCC

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jsfreaky
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290945
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Oceanography Chapter 2 Baker OCC
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2014-12-07 20:59:03
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Oceanography Chapter2 Baker OCC
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Oceanography Chapter 2 Baker OCC
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  1. 1Who is responsible for the first measurement of the circumference of the Earth?
    A. Eratosthenes of Cyrene
    B. The Polynesians
    C. The Vikings
    D. Ptolemy
    A. Eratosthenes of Cyrene
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. 2Prince Henry the Navigator's contribution to ocean exploration included:
    A. serving as a captain on many ocean voyages.
    B. compiling ships logs and writing a book.
    C. work as a cartographer.
    D. establishing a center for the study of marine science and navigation in Portugal.
    D. establishing a center for the study of marine science and navigation in Portugal.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. 3Who is considered to be the "father of physical oceanography" because of publication of information from ship's logs in the book "The Physical Geography of the Seas"?
    A. Matthew Maury
    B. Charles Darwin
    C. Benjamin Franklin
    D. Prince Henry the Navigator
    A. Matthew Maury
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. 4Glomar Challenger is known mainly for:
    A. taking the first complete cores of deep-sea sediments
    B. being the first modern scientific survey ship to circumnavigate the globe.
    C. being the first nuclear powered scientific research vessel
    D. being owned and operated simultaneously by four governmental agencies
    A. taking the first complete cores of deep-sea sediments
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. 5The key to determining longitude at sea was by inventing a sturdy clock that ran at a constant rate under any circumstance. The first of these clocks was governed by a spring escarpment and not by pendulum and…
    A. Was invented by James Cook and is called a chronometer
    B. Was invented by John Harrison and is called a chronometer
    C. Was invented by James Cook and is called a compass
    D. Was invented by John Harrison and is called a compass
    B. Was invented by John Harrison and is called a chronometer
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. 6The expedition led by Magellan in the early 1500s was significant to oceanography because:
    A. he was killed in the Philippines.
    B. they discovered the northwest passage.
    C. it showed that it was possible to circumnavigate the globe.
    D. only 34 of the original 260 member crew survived.
    C. it showed that it was possible to circumnavigate the globe.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. 7Which man was the first to publish a reasonably accurate chart of an ocean current?
    A. Captain James Cook
    B. John Harrison
    C. Benjamin Franklin
    D. Eratosthenes of Cyrene
    C. Benjamin Franklin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. 8The first sailing expedition devoted entirely to marine science was that of the
    A. Fram, Captain Fridtjfof Nansen.
    B. HMS Challenger.
    C. HMS Resolution, Captain James Cook.
    D. HMS Beagle.
    B. HMS Challenger.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. 9The magnetic compass was invented by the:
    A. Chinese
    B. Polynesians
    C. Prince Henry the Navigator
    D. Christopher Columbus
    A. Chinese
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. 10What technique was first used on a large scale by the German vessel Meteor in the 1920’s to sense the contours of the seafloor?
    A. satellite
    B. weighted lines
    C. echo sounders
    D. none of the available choices
    C. echo sounders
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. 11Graphic representations that show primarily water and water-related information are called maps.
    True
    False
    False
  12. 12TOPEX/Poseidon is a joint French - U.S. satellite (and associated consortia) devoted to oceanic research.
    True
    False
    True
  13. 13The second librarian of the Library of Alexandria in Egypt was Eratosthenes of Cyrene.
    True
    False
    True
  14. 14Latitude lines are drawn parallel to the equator.
    True
    False
    True
  15. 15During the Challenger expedition, the term Oceanography literally implied the marking or charting of the oceans.
    True
    False
    True
  16. 16The first scientific expedition to use an echo sounder was the _______________.
    A. Voyage of Trieste
    B. Challenger expedition
    C. Meteor expedition
    D. United States Exploring Expedition
    C. Meteor expedition
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. 17Who was the first person to sense the worldwide pattern of surface wind and currents?
    A. Lt. Charles Wilkes
    B. Capt. James Cook
    C. Mathew Fonaine Maury
    D. Prince Henry the Navigator
    C. Mathew Fonaine Maury
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. 18The earliest regular voyaging for trade purposes took place in the ______________.
    A. Atlantic.
    B. Indian.
    C. Pacific.
    D. Mediterranean.
    D. Mediterranean.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. 19The earliest navigation was by using __________________.
    A. the moon
    B. the sun
    C. global positioning systems (GPS)
    D. the stars
    D. the stars
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. 20Oceanian navigators may already have been using shells attached to a bamboo grid to represent the positions of their islands which might have resembled a(n) .
    A. Ancient form of celestial navigation
    B. Magnetic Compass
    C. Chronometer
    D. Micronesian stick chart
    D. Micronesian stick chart
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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