Oceanography Chapters1-4 Baker OCC

Card Set Information

Author:
jsfreaky
ID:
290963
Filename:
Oceanography Chapters1-4 Baker OCC
Updated:
2014-12-08 21:25:15
Tags:
Oceanography Chaptersw1 Baker OCC
Folders:
Ocean
Description:
Oceanography Chaters1-4 Baker OCC
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user jsfreaky on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. The average height of the continents above sea level is greater than the average depth of the ocean?
    True
    False
    False
  2. Most of water on earth is contained…
    A. in the ocean
    B. in land ice, groundwater, and all the freshwater lakes and rivers
    C. in it’s interior
    D. in the atmosphere
    C. in it’s interior
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. What orderly process do scientists use to verify or reject theories?
    A. Experimental Method
    B. Hypothetical Method
    C. Scientific Method
    D. Observational Method
    C. Scientific Method
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Life on Earth almost certainly originated
    A. in the ocean.
    B. on land.
    C. from other planets.
    D. in ponds.
    A. in the ocean.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. What element makes up the most abundant form of matter in the universe?
    A. hydrogen
    B. oxygen
    C. iron
    D. helium
    A. hydrogen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. A supernova is:
    A. an exploding star.
    B. a large galaxy.
    C. a protostar.
    D. a solar nebula.
    A. an exploding star.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Physical oceanographers:
    A. Are concerned with the composition of the inner Earth, the mobility of the crust, the characteristics of seafloor sediments, and the history of Earth’s ocean, continents and climate.
    B. Design and build oil platforms, ships, harbors, and other structures that enable us to use the ocean wisely.
    C. Study and observe wave dynamics, currents, and ocean-atmosphere interaction.
    D. Study the ocean’s dissolved solids and gases, and their relationships to the geology and biology of the ocean as a whole.
    C. Study and observe wave dynamics, currents, and ocean-atmosphere interaction.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Earth’s ocean first formed
    A. before the atmosphere.
    B. from the cloud that formed the sun and planets.
    C. when the surface became cool enough for liquid water to collect.
    D. from water contained in comets.
    C. when the surface became cool enough for liquid water to collect.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Interlinking lines of evidence tell us that the age of Earth is approximately
    A. 10 billion years old.
    B. 4.6 billion years old.
    C. 6,000 years old.
    D. 5 million years old.
    B. 4.6 billion years old.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. How long ago might life on Earth have originated?
    A. 2.0 billion years
    B. 560 million years
    C. 4.6 billion years
    D. 3.85 billion years
    D. 3.85 billion years
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. If you were looking around our solar system for another planetary body that could have life, the most important thing you would look for is liquid water.
    True
    False
    True
  12. Of all the bodies in the solar system, researchers are increasingly certain that Earth is the only location that contains liquid water
    True
    False
    False
  13. The Earth has always had an atmosphere about the same as it is today.
    True
    False
    False
  14. The scientific theory for the origin of the universe is known as the Accretion Theory.
    True
    False
    False
  15. The world ocean covers about 97% of the Earth's surface.
    True
    False
    False
  16. How long might our descendants enjoy life on earth as we know it today before our Sun dies?
    A. 1 Billion Years
    B. 10 Billion Years
    C. 5 Billion Years
    D. 100 Billion Years
    C. 5 Billion Years
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The most accepted explanation of the moon's origin is __________________.
    A. it was formed by the collision of the Earth with a Mars-sized planetary body.
    B. it is a remnant of the planet Saturn.
    C. it is a captured asteroid.
    D. it is a remnant of the planet Jupiter.
    A. it was formed by the collision of the Earth with a Mars-sized planetary body.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Earth’s heavy elements came from _________________.
    A. the deaths of ancient stars
    B. comets
    C. asteriods
    D. meteors
    A. the deaths of ancient stars
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. An explanation that is supported by many observations, has no major inconsistencies, and is accepted by most scientists is _____________________.
    A. a scientific method
    B. a theory
    C. a hypothesis
    D. an observation
    B. a theory
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Life on earth is formed of aggregations of a few basic kinds of compounds?
    A. Nitrogen
    B. Carbon
    C. Hydrogen
    D. Oxygen
    B. Carbon
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Who is responsible for the first measurement of the circumference of the Earth?
    A. The Vikings
    B. Ptolemy
    C. The Polynesians
    D. Eratosthenes of Cyrene
    D. Eratosthenes of Cyrene
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Prince Henry the Navigator's contribution to ocean exploration included:
    A. establishing a center for the study of marine science and navigation in Portugal.
    B. compiling ships logs and writing a book.
    C. work as a cartographer.
    D. serving as a captain on many ocean voyages.
    A. establishing a center for the study of marine science and navigation in Portugal.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Who is considered to be the "father of physical oceanography" because of publication of information from ship's logs in the book "The Physical Geography of the Seas"?
    A. Charles Darwin
    B. Matthew Maury
    C. Benjamin Franklin
    D. Prince Henry the Navigator
    B. Matthew Maury
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Glomar Challenger is known mainly for:
    A. being the first nuclear powered scientific research vessel
    B. being owned and operated simultaneously by four governmental agencies
    C. being the first modern scientific survey ship to circumnavigate the globe.
    D. taking the first complete cores of deep-sea sediments
    D. taking the first complete cores of deep-sea sediments
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. The key to determining longitude at sea was by inventing a sturdy clock that ran at a constant rate under any circumstance. The first of these clocks was governed by a spring escarpment and not by pendulum and…
    A. Was invented by James Cook and is called a compass
    B. Was invented by John Harrison and is called a compass
    C. Was invented by John Harrison and is called a chronometer
    D. Was invented by James Cook and is called a chronometer
    C. Was invented by John Harrison and is called a chronometer
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. The expedition led by Magellan in the early 1500s was significant to oceanography because:
    A. only 34 of the original 260 member crew survived.
    B. it showed that it was possible to circumnavigate the globe.
    C. they discovered the northwest passage.
    D. he was killed in the Philippines.
    B. it showed that it was possible to circumnavigate the globe.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Which man was the first to publish a reasonably accurate chart of an ocean current?
    A. Captain James Cook
    B. Benjamin Franklin
    C. Eratosthenes of Cyrene
    D. John Harrison
    B. Benjamin Franklin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. The first sailing expedition devoted entirely to marine science was that of the
    A. HMS Resolution, Captain James Cook.
    B. Fram, Captain Fridtjfof Nansen.
    C. HMS Challenger.
    D. HMS Beagle.
    C. HMS Challenger.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. The magnetic compass was invented by the:
    A. Prince Henry the Navigator
    B. Christopher Columbus
    C. Polynesians
    D. Chinese
    D. Chinese
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. What technique was first used on a large scale by the German vessel Meteor in the 1920’s to sense the contours of the seafloor?
    A. weighted lines
    B. echo sounders
    C. satellite
    D. none of the available choices
    B. echo sounders
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Graphic representations that show primarily water and water-related information are called maps.
    True
    False
    False
  32. TOPEX/Poseidon is a joint French - U.S. satellite (and associated consortia) devoted to oceanic research.
    True
    False
    True
  33. The second librarian of the Library of Alexandria in Egypt was Eratosthenes of Cyrene.
    True
    False
    True
  34. Latitude lines are drawn parallel to the equator.
    True
    False
    True
  35. During the Challenger expedition, the term Oceanography literally implied the marking or charting of the oceans.
    True
    False
    True
  36. The first scientific expedition to use an echo sounder was the _______________.
    A. Challenger expedition
    B. Voyage of Trieste
    C. Meteor expedition
    D. United States Exploring Expedition
    C. Meteor expedition
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Who was the first person to sense the worldwide pattern of surface wind and currents?
    A. Prince Henry the Navigator
    B. Lt. Charles Wilkes
    C. Mathew Fonaine Maury
    D. Capt. James Cook
    C. Mathew Fonaine Maury
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. The earliest regular voyaging for trade purposes took place in the ______________.
    A. Atlantic.
    B. Pacific.
    C. Indian.
    D. Mediterranean.
    D. Mediterranean.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. The earliest navigation was by using __________________.
    A. the stars
    B. the moon
    C. global positioning systems (GPS)
    D. the sun
    A. the stars
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. Oceanian navigators may already have been using shells attached to a bamboo grid to represent the positions of their islands which might have resembled a(n) .
    A. Magnetic Compass
    B. Chronometer
    C. Micronesian stick chart
    D. Ancient form of celestial navigation
    C. Micronesian stick chart
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. Based on composition, the layers of the Earth, from interior to exterior are
    A. core, mantle, crust
    B. crust, core, mantle
    C. core, crust, mantle
    D. crust, mantle, core
    A. core, mantle, crust
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. The most important physical property of the asthenosphere is that it is
    A. brittle and can break
    B. made of metal
    C. solid, but can flow
    D. liquid rock (magma)
    C. solid, but can flow
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. Alfred Wegener's continental drift hypothesis states that
    A. all of the Earth's land was once joined into a single supercontinent.
    B. the continents are pushed around on the surface by mantle convection.
    C. the continents are stationary but the ocean basins move.
    D. the continents are stationary with respect to each other.
    A. all of the Earth's land was once joined into a single supercontinent.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. The Pacific Ring of Fire refers to the
    A. sizzling economic activity encircling the Pacific Ocean.
    B. circle of violent geologic activity surrounding the Pacific Ocean.
    C. circle of active volcanoes surrounding the Pacific Northwest.
    D. widespread forests encircling the Pacific Ocean that are prone to burning.
    B. circle of violent geologic activity surrounding the Pacific Ocean.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. On a map of geological activity, you can draw the outline of plates of lithosphere by
    A. connecting the transform faults.
    B. outlining the mid-ocean ridges.
    C. connecting the earthquake epicenters.
    D. outlining the continents and ocean basins .
    C. connecting the earthquake epicenters.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. When a continental plate diverges from another continental plate
    A. a transform fault forms.
    B. there are no earthquakes.
    C. a large mountain range forms.
    D. a new ocean basin forms.
    D. a new ocean basin forms.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. The Hawaiian island chain formed
    A. as the Pacific plate slid over a hotspot.
    B. at a transform fault.
    C. at a convergent plate boundary.
    D. at a mid-ocean ridge spreading center.
    A. as the Pacific plate slid over a hotspot.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. The core of the Earth is composed primarily of:
    A. nickel
    B. iron
    C. uranium
    D. metallic hydrogen
    B. iron
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. The youngest seafloor rocks in the ocean crust are found:
    A. beneath deep-sea trenches.
    B. overlying the continental shelves.
    C. nearest the continental slopes.
    D. near the rift-valleys of mid ocean ridges.
    D. near the rift-valleys of mid ocean ridges.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. When two continental plates collide the result is the formation of new ocean crust.
    True
    False
    False
  51. The San Andreas Fault that runs through California is a famous transform fault marking the junction between the Pacific and North American plates.
    True
    False
    True
  52. Scientists know that the outer core of the Earth is liquid because S waves have not survived travel through the Earth's interior.
    True
    False
    True
  53. The theory of continental drift was first presented in 1912 by Alfred Wegener.
    True
    False
    True
  54. The innermost layer of the Earth, which is composed of iron and nickel metal, is the ___________.
    A. lithosphere
    B. core
    C. crust
    D. mantle
    B. core
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. Geological activity, such as volcanic and earthquake activity, takes place at _______________.
    A. None of these choices
    B. transform plate boundaries
    C. convergent plate boundaries
    D. divergent plate boundaries
    E. All of these choices
    E. All of these choices
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. The most violent volcanic eruptions are found at _______________________.
    A. divergent plate boundaries.
    B. hot spots.
    C. convergent plate boundaries.
    D. transform plate boundaries.
    C. convergent plate boundaries.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. At convergent plate boundaries, crust is _________________.
    A. created.
    B. destroyed.
    C. neither created nor destroyed.
    D. both created and destroyed.
    B. destroyed.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  58. The theory of plate tectonics is a result of the marriage of ______________ and ______________.
    A. seafloor spreading and transform faulting.
    B. seafloor spreading and subduction.
    C. continental drift and seafloor spreading.
    D. continental drift and subduction.
    C. continental drift and seafloor spreading.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  59. The 1964 earthquake in Alaska confirmed what?
    A. Earth was hollow at the poles.
    B. Earth's inner structure was homogenous.
    C. None of the answers are correct.
    D. Earth's inner structure was layered.
    D. Earth's inner structure was layered.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  60. Based on the assumption that the Earth cooled from a molten mass, Lord Kelvin estimated earth's age to be years old.
    A. 10 million
    B. 80 million
    C. 4.6 billion
    D. 6,000
    B. 80 million
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  61. What are the two types of seismic waves?
    A. Body waves and S waves.
    B. Surface waves and S waves.
    C. Body waves and surface waves.
    D. Body waves and P waves.
    C. Body waves and surface waves.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  62. P-waves…
    A. are surface waves
    B. None of the choices are correct.
    C. are body waves in which the wave motion is compressional
    D. are body waves in which the wave motion moves in an S shape
    C. are body waves in which the wave motion is compressional
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  63. Earth's interior is layered by:
    A. Temperature
    B. Pressure
    C. Density
    D. Dissolved Oxygen Content
    C. Density
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  64. Which of the earth's interior layers has the greatest volume at 83%, and an average density of 4.5 g/cm3?
    A. Inner Core
    B. Crust
    C. Mantle
    D. Outer Core
    C. Mantle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  65. Which of earth's interior layers is composed primarily of granite?
    A. Continental Crust
    B. Core
    C. Oceanic Crust
    D. Mantle
    A. Continental Crust
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  66. Which of Earth's interior layers is composed primarily of basalt?
    A. Mantle
    B. Core
    C. Continental Crust
    D. Oceanic Crust
    D. Oceanic Crust
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  67. Basalt is less dense than granite.
    True
    False
    False
  68. Which of the following scheme represents the classification of Earth's interior based on physical properties (going from the exterior to the interior)?
    A. Lithosphere - Crust - Mantle - Asthenosphere
    B. Crust - Lithosphere - Mantle - Core
    C. All of the choices
    D. Lithosphere - Asthenosphere - Lower Mantle - Outer Core - Inner Core
    D. Lithosphere - Asthenosphere - Lower Mantle - Outer Core - Inner Core
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  69. The Lithosphere is composed of the crust and upper mantle and is rigid, while the asthenosphere is composed of the deformable layer of the upper mantle.
    True
    False
    True
  70. Isostatic equilibrium describes the way the lithosphere is supported on the asthenosphere.
    True
    False
    True
  71. _____ is the discovery and study of the ocean floor contours.
    A. Topography
    B. Oceanography
    C. Bathymetry
    D. Bathyscapology
    E. None of the choices
    C. Bathymetry
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  72. Researchers using depth sounder tracks had painstakingly compiled the first comprehensive charts of the ocean floor by 1959.
    True
    False
    True
  73. The continental lithosphere _____ density than oceanic lithosphere.
    A. has a higher
    B. none of the choices as it depends on where you are
    C. has a lower
    D. is the same
    C. has a lower
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  74. The continental margin is the submerged outer edge of a continent.
    True
    False
    True
  75. Continental margins facing the edges of _____ plates are called _____ because relatively little earthquake or volcanic activity is now associated with them.
    A. diverging; passive margins
    B. diverging; active margins
    C. converging; active margins
    D. converging; passive margins
    A. diverging; passive margins
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  76. The passive-margin shelves of the Atlantic Ocean formed as the fragments of Pangaea were carried away from each other by seafloor spreading.
    True
    False
    True
  77. Passive margins are also known as:
    A. Island arc margins
    B. Hot spot margins
    C. Atlantic type margins
    D. Pacific type margins
    C. Atlantic type margins
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  78. Active margins are also known as "Island Arc" margins.
    True
    False
    False
  79. _____ shelves have more varied topography than _____ shelves.
    A. Continental; oceanic
    B. Active-margin; passive-margin
    C. Passive-margin; active-margin
    D. Atlantic type; Pacific type
    B. Active-margin; passive-margin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  80. Sediment liquefaction and local landslides that are triggered by earthquakes sometimes cause an abrasive underwater “avalanche” of sediments; this is referred to as turbidity currents.
    True
    False
    True
  81. The Mid-Atlantic Ridge runs along a straight line course bisecting the Atlantic ocean.
    True
    False
    False
  82. Abyssal plains and abyssal hills make up a _____ of Earth’s surface.
    A. third
    B. quarter
    C. fifth
    D. half
    B. quarter
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  83. _____ are flat-topped seamounts that once were tall enough to approach or penetrate the sea surface.
    A. Abyssal hills
    B. Guyots
    C. Seamounts
    D. Ridges
    B. Guyots
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  84. Basins are among the most active geological features on Earth.
    True
    False
    False
  85. The Aleutian Islands are considered to be
    A. Island arcs
    B. Seamounts
    C. formed along a passive margins
    D. Abyssal Hills
    A. Island arcs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  86. The deepest trench is the world ocean is the:
    A. Aleutian Trench
    B. Mariana Trench
    C. Java Trench
    D. Peru-Chile Trench
    B. Mariana Trench
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  87. Which of the following statements about trenches is false?
    A. They occur where a converging oceanic plate is being subducted.
    B. They are the sources of many great earthquakes and tsunami.
    C. They are often form an extensive continental rise.
    D. They are the deepest places in Earth’s crust.
    C. They are often form an extensive continental rise.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  88. If you were a scientist that studied seismic activity at plate boundaries, which of the following would best describe your discipline?

  89. Chemical oceanographers are?

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview