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What is the name of this type and what Abo does it involve?
What may type I cause locally?
Skin: atopic derm.
Nasopharynx: allergic rhinitis
What may type I cause systemically?
What are some interventions for type I hypersensitive individuals?
Assess ABCs, LOC, VS
Call for help
Monitor & maintain respiratory status
What are some treatments for type I?
What should you use in an emergency?
Position for shock (high Fowler's)
Contact physician prior to using herbals, teas, aromatherapy.
What type of hypersensitivity is type II?
What Abo does type II involve?
IgG/IgM (Abo bind w/ antigen)
What causes a reaction in Type II?
- 1) foreign tissue
- 2) blood transfusion incompatibility
- 3) drug reaction
What is the name of type III hypersensitivity and what Abo are involved (same as type II)?
immune complex-mediated hypersensitivity
What are the local causes of type III?
What are the systemic causes of type III?
local: immune complex accumulates & deposits on wall/tissue causing damage.
- systemic: fever, hives, arthralgia
- ***Autoimmune disorders
What is the name of type IV hypersensitivity?
What is type IV mediated by?
cell-mediated, NOT Abo.
What are the causes of type IV hypersensitivity?
Which hypersensitivity can type IV progress to?
- exaggerated interaction
- contact dermititis
- latex allergy
- nickel in jewelry
*Can progress to type I.
What testing should be done first for allergies?
- Epicutaneous test:
- food allergy