Techniques of neutralization
Sykes and Matza says there are 5 techniques in neutralization;Denial of responsibility: individuals may claim they were influenced by forces outside themselves and that they are not responsible or accountable for their behavior. For example, many youth blame their peers for their own behavior.Denial of injury: this is the rationalization that no one was actually hurt by their behavior. For instance, if someone steals from a store, they may rationalize this by saying that the store has insurance, so there is no direct victim.Denial of the victim: Offenders see themselves as avengers and the victims as the wrongdoers. For example, offenders believe that a person who disrespects or “disses” them deserve what he or she gets, even if ti means serious injury.Condemning of the condemners: Offenders claim the condemners (usually the authorities who catch them) are hypocrites. For instance, one may claim that police speed on the highway all the time. so everyone else is entitled to drive higher than the speed limit.Appeal to higher loyalties: Offenders often overlook the norms of conventional society in favor of the rules of a belief they have or a group to which they belong. For example, people who kill doctor who perform abortions tend to see their crimes as above the law because they are serving higher power.