Ch. 12 Psych

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Ch. 12 Psych
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2014-12-09 04:40:33
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Psychological Disorders
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  1. Abnormal Behavior
    Behavior that is deviant, maladaptive, or personally distressful
  2. Psychopathology
    The scientific study of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders including abnormal or maladaptive behavior
  3. Medical Model
    Describes psychological disorders as medical diseases with a biological origin

    • -Structural Views
    • -Biochemical Views
    • -Genetic Views
  4. Psychoanalytic Perspective
    Arise from unconscious conflicts 

    -Psychological Approach
  5. Behavior Perspective
    Focus on rewards & punishments in the environment 

    -Psychological Approach
  6. Social Cognitive Perspective
    Observational learning, expectancies, self efficacy, self-esteem, etc. 

    -Psychological Approach
  7. Humanistic Perspective
    Emphasize inability to fulfill one's potential

    -Psychological Approach
  8. DSM
    The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
  9. DSM-5
    • Axis 1: All Categories Expect Personality Disorders and Mental Retardation
    • Axis 2: Personality Disorders and Mental Retardation
    • Axis 3: General Medical Conditions 
    • Axis 4: Psychosocial and Environmental Problems
    • Axis 5: Current Level of Functioning
  10. Criticisms of the DSM 4
    • Focus on the medical/disease model
    • Issue of Labeling
  11. Risk Factors Contributing to Psychopathology
    • Biological/Physical 
    • Psychological
    • Family
    • Social Conditions
  12. Psychotic Disorders
    Psychosis- withdrawal from reality marked by hallucinations and delusions, disturbed thoughts and emotions, and by personality disorganization

    • -Delusion
    • -Hallucinations
    • -Dementia
    • -Alzheimer's Disease
  13. Delusional Disorders
    Psychosis marked by severe delusions of grandeur, jealousy, persecution, or similar preoccupations
  14. Types of Delusional Disorders
    • -Erotomanic
    • -Grandiose
    • -Jealous
    • -Persecutory
    • -Somatic

    ·Paranoid Psychosis
  15. Schizophrenia
    A severe psychological disorder that is characterized by delusions, hallucinations, apathy and a "split" between thought and emotions
  16. Disorganized Schizophrenia
    Involves incoherence, grossly disorganized behavior, bizarre thinking, and flat or grossly inappropriate emotion
  17. Catatonic Schizophrenia
    marked by stupor, rigidity, unresponsiveness, posturing, mutism, and sometimes agitated purposeless behavior
  18. Paranoid Schizophrenia
    Characterized by a preoccupation with delusions or by frequent auditory hallucinations related to a single theme, especially grandeur or persecution
  19. Mood Disorders
    Psychological disorder in which there is a primary disturbance in mood
  20. Depressive Disorders
    Emotional disorders that primarily involves sadness, despondency and depression
  21. Major Depressive Disorder
    A mood disorder in which a person has suffered one or more intense episodes of depression
  22. Dysthymic Disorder
    Moderate depression that persists for 2 years or more
  23. Bipolar 1 Disorder
    A mood disorder in which a person has episodes of mania and also periods of deep depression
  24. Bipolar 2 Disorder
    A mood disorder in which a person is mostly depressed but has also had one or more episodes of mild mania
  25. Factors Associated with Suicide
    • Biological
    • Psychological
    • Sociocultural
    •   -Ethni
  26. Anxiety Disorders
    Psychological disorders that include:

    • -motor tension
    • -hyperactivity 
    • apprehensive expectations & thoughts

    --Distress that appears greatly out of proportion to a person's circumstances
  27. Generalized Anxiety Disorder
    A chronic state of tension and worries about work, relationships, ability, or impending disaster
  28. Panic Disorder
    Recurrent sudden onset of intense apprehension, fear, or terror
  29. Agoraphobia
    A cluster of fears centered around public places and being unable to escape or to find help.

    -Panic Disorder (with or without agoraphobia)
  30. Phobic Disorders
    (Phobias)-- intense, irrational, overwhelming, and persistent fear of a specific objects, activities or situations
  31. Social Phobia
    An intense fear of being observed, evaluated, embarrassed or humiliated or by others in social situations
  32. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)/ Obsessive-Compulsive Anxiety Disorder
    Anxiety-provoking thoughts that will not go away (obsession) and/or urges to perform repetitive, ritualistic behaviors to prevent or produce some future situation (compulsion).
  33. Acute Stress Disorder
    Psychological disturbance lasting up to 1 month following a traumatic event
  34. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
    Psychological disturbance lasting more than 1 month following a traumatic event
  35. Dissociative Disorders
    Disorders that involve sudden loss of memory or change in identity.
  36. Dissociate Amnesia
    Extreme memory loss for important information related to personal identity caused by extensive psychological stress.
  37. Dissociative Fugue
    Involves sudden travel away from home, plus confusion about one's personal identity
  38. Dissociative Identity Disoder (DID) (Multiple Personality Disorder)
    The development of 2 or more distinct personalities
  39. Hypocondriasis
    A preoccupation with fears of a having a serious disease

    -Somatoform Disorders
  40. Somatization Disorder
    Afflicted persons have numerous physical complaints

    -Somatoform Disorders
  41. Pain Disorder
    Pain with no identifiable physical cause and appears to be of psychological origin

    -Somatoform Disorders
  42. Conversion Disorder
    A bodily symptom that mimic a physical disability but is actually caused by anxiety or emotional distress
  43. Personality Disorders
    Chronic, maladaptive cognitive-behavioral patterns that are thoroughly integrated into the individual's personality
  44. Dependent
    Lack of self-confidence and do not express their own personalities
  45. Histrionic
    Attention seeking and tend to overreact
  46. Narcisistic
    Unrealistic sense of self-importance
  47. Antisocial
    Guiltless, law-breaking, explosive, self-indulgent, irresponsible. and intrusive
  48. Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder
    Obsessed with rules emotionally insensitive and oriented toward a lifestyle or productivity and efficiency.
  49. Schizoid
    Form no adequate social relationships
  50. Avoidant
    Shy and inhibited but desires interpersonal relationships
  51. Borerline
    Erratic self-image, mood and impulses: highly sensitive to perceived criticism, rejection, or abandonment
  52. Paranoid
    Extreme lack of trust and suspiciousness
  53. Schizotypal
    Loners who engage in extremely odd behavior and bizarre thought patterns
  54. Anorexia Nervosa
    Involves the relentless pursuit of thinness through starvation
  55. Bulimia Nervosa
    Involves consistently following a binge-and-purge eating pattern.

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