Psychology Final

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Zaqxz
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291031
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Psychology Final
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2014-12-08 18:46:58
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Psychology
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Chapters 9-13
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  1. Personal and collective unconscious
    Jung
  2. Id, ego, superego
    Freud
  3. Unconditional positive regard
    Rogers
  4. Locus of control
    Rotter
  5. Self-efficacy
    Bandura
  6. Libido and pleasure principle
    Freud
  7. Anxiety more than sex is a powerful motivating force
    Horney
  8. Inferiority complex
    Adler
  9. Archetypes
    Jung
  10. Oedipus and Electra complex
    Freud
  11. Compensation
    Adler
  12. 8 psychosocial stages of development
    Erikson
  13. False beliefs about reality
    Delusions
  14. Each night, turning the light switch on and off 9 times before going to bed
    Compulsions
  15. Rituals a person feels compelled to perform
    Compulsions
  16. Involuntary thoughts that recur despite the person's attempt to stop them
    Obsessions
  17. Belief that you are Jesus Christ our lord and savior
    Delusions
  18. Erroneously believing that you're seeing people's faces melt
    Hallucinations
  19. Repeatedly washing your hands even after they are clean
    Compulsions
  20. False sensory perceptions
    Hallucinations
  21. Reveals unknown mental processes through behavior, slips of the tongue, dreams, and free association
    Psychoanalysis
  22. Emphasizes the here and now and the wholeness of the personality
    Gestalt
  23. Nondirectional form of therapy that calls for unconditional positive regard of the client by the therapist
    Client-centered
  24. Believes clients can assume responsibility for themselves and can resolve their own problems
    Client-centered
  25. Can be related to childhood memories or any other memories that may have been repressed effecting day-to-day interaction
    Psychoanalysis
  26. This type of therapist will confront, frusterate or challenge their client's beliefs and feeling
    Gestalt
  27. Focusing on emotional and feelings to clients who aren't willing to express their real selves
    Gestalt
  28. Believes that dreams are the Royal Road to the unconscious
    Psychoanalysis
  29. Has the goal of helping the client become fully functioning and reaching highest potential
    Client-centered
  30. Unconscious motives, fears, and memories become integrated into current life
    Psychoanalysis
  31. A rare disorder in which a person loses their memory, leaves home, and assumes a new identity
    Dissociative fuge
  32. Multiple personality disorder
    Dissociative identity disorder
  33. The insistence that a minor symptom means serious illness
    Hypochondriasis
  34. Overblown sense of self importance- The world revolves around me!
    Narcissistic Personality Disorder
  35. "I hate you, don't leave me" -Having extreme instability in mood, self image and relationships
    Borderline personality disorder
  36. Kinetic, Distracted, Fidgeting, and Impulsive
    ADHD
  37. The severe inability to think or act independently
    Dependent Personality Disorder
  38. Characterized by profound developmental problems including social, speech and motor impairments
    Autism
  39. The legal term for people who are found not to be responsible for their criminal actions
    Insanity
  40. An intense, paralyzing, unreasonable fear of something
    Phobia
  41. Habitual bouts of sudden, unpredictable, and overwhelming fear or terror without cause
    Panic Disorder
  42. Valid physical illness caused primarily by excessive stress and anxiety
    Psychosomatic Disorders
  43. Prolonged vague and intense fears without attachment
    General Anxiety Disorder
  44. Having physical symptoms without any identifiable physical cause
    Somatoform Disorders
  45. Fear of being alone, in public places, or separated from security
    Agoraphobia
  46. Reoccurring involuntary thoughts or compulsive rituals
    Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
  47. Getting sexually aroused by touching or rubbing against a non-consenting person often in public
    Frotteurism
  48. Watching or spying on others having sex
    Voyeurism
  49. Achieving gratification by humiliating or harming your partner during sex
    Sadism
  50. Obsession involving the use of an odd and often nonhuman object to achieve sexual excitement
    Fetishism
  51. The inability to enjoy sex without accompanying emotional or physical pain
    Massochism
  52. The category of disorders involving the use of unconventional sex objects or situations
    Parophilias
  53. Sex with children or pre-teens
    Pedophila
  54. Gaining gratification by exposing yourself to strangers or in public
    Exhibitionism
  55. The study of changes that occur in people from birth through old age
    Developmental Psychology
  56. Development from conception to birth
    Prenatal Development
  57. Between 2 weeks and 3 months after conception
    Embryo
  58. Provides nutrients, removes waste and is an organ that develops more rapidly than the fetus in early months
    Placenta
  59. 3 months to birth
    Fetus
  60. A period during the first few weeks of development when certain processes should occur or damage to development can take place
    Critical Period
  61. Characteristic patterns of emotional reactions and emotional self-regulation
    Temperament
  62. An automatic biological unfolding of development in an organism as a function of the passage of time
    Maturation
  63. Rising and lowering of pitch
    Intonation
  64. A hypothetical neuron mechanism for acquiring language that is presumed to be "wired into" all humans
    Language Acquisition Devise
  65. Intense, reciprocal relationship formed by 2 people, that involves emotional bond that develops in the first year of life
    Attachment
  66. Time when adults discover they no longer feel fulfilled in their jobs or personal lives and attempt to make a decisive shift in career of lifestyle
    Midlife crises
  67. Reflexes of an infant
    • Rooting- turning the head in the direction of a touch of the face
    • Sucking reflex- suck on anything that enters the mouth
    • Grasping reflex- strong hold when objects are placed in palm
    • Swallowing reflex- swallow milk or liquids without choking
    • Stepping reflex
  68. Piaget's Theory of cognitive development
    • -Sensory motor stage (B-2)- gaining object permanence and mental representation
    • -Preoperational (2-7)- Representational thought, fantasy play, symbolic gestures, egocentrism
    • -Concrete operational (7-11)- conversation and complex classification
    • -Formal operational adolescence (adulthood)- abstract thought
  69. Kohlbergs stages of Moral Development
    • 1) Preconventional- standards set by others are observed in order to receive reinforcement or avoid punishment
    • 2) Conventional role conformity- rules and standards are internalized and behaviors are performed in order to please others
    • 3) Post conventional conformity- Autonomous moral principles
  70. Erikson First for Crises
    • Basic trust v. mistrust- (B-1 1/2) children learn though primary caregiver whether environment can be trusted
    • Autonomy v. shame or doubt- (1 1/2-3) the sense of whether behavior is under thir own control or that of external forces
    • Initiative v. guilt- (3-7) children begin to evaluate the consequences of their behavior. Develop a sense of right and wrong. Grasp values
    • Industry v. inferiority- (7-10) all other crises have been developed and the child must learn skills necessary to make them productive members of society
  71. Freud id, ego, and superego
    • Id= devil
    • Ego= reality
    • Superego= angel
  72. Erikson's eight stages in the life span
    • 1) trust v. mistrust
    • 2) autonomy v. shame or guilt
    • 3) initiative v. guilt
    • 4) industry v. inferiority
    • 5) identity v. role confusion
    • 6) intimacy v. isolation
    • 7) generativity v. stagnation
    • 8) integrity v. despair

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