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- group of people who are considered to be related in some way, by “ blood” ( common ances-try or descent) or marriage.
- ( e. g., parents, children, siblings, grandparents, grandchildren, uncles, aunts etc)
family of orientation
the family in which one is born and grows up
family of procreation
formed when one marries and has children
Types of Kin group
- domestic group
group of people who are related and share common interests and identity
- rule that when a couple marries, it moves to the husband’s com-munity, so that their children will grow up in their father’s village.
- (usually associated with patrilineal)
Types of Postmarital residence patterns
types of forms of decent
(postmarital residence pattern)
Married couples are expected to establish a new place of residence— a “ home of their own.”
extended family household
family household includes three or more generations
(usually seen in poorer families)
median age for marriage in men and women then and now:
- Men: 23;28
- women: 21: 26.5
permanent social unit whose members claim common ancestry
automatically have lifetime membership in their father’s group.
(much more common)
automatically have lifetime membership in their mothers group.
use one line only, either the male or the female line - never both
lineages or clans decent
belief that members descend from the same apical ancestor, the person who stands at the apex, or top, of the common genealogy.
(ex. adam and eve ancestors of all humanity)
How do lineages and clans differ?
- lineage uses demonstrated descent - Members recite names of their forebears from the apical ancestor through the present. ( This doesn’t mean their recitations are accurate, only that lineage members think they are.)
- clans use stipulated descent - Clan members say they descend from the apical ancestor, without trying to trace the actual genealogical links.
Married couples live in the wife’s community, and their children grow up in their mother’s village.
domestic partnerships that are not legally sanctioned.
Terminology about the number of spouses
- group marriage
- marriage alliance
- marital exchanges
- bride service
- seeking a mate outside one’s own group
- (prohibits incest)
- sexual contact with a relative, but cultures define their kin and incest differently.
- incest is culturally constructed
mating or marriage within a group to which one belongs
relatives through marriage, such as a brother- in- law or mother- in- law.
when the bride’s family or kin group provides substantial gifts when their daughter marries.
- plural marriage
- to more than one spouse at the same time
a man has more than one wife.
a woman has more than one husband
- married to just one person
- Individuals may have more than one spouse but never, legally, more than one at the same time.
- family members associated with the home
- individuals who live together in a household
blood or biological relatives by birth
lifetime membership to both family ties
no formal rule if people join mothers or fathers side
bilocal residence pattern
couple alternates between wife’s and husband’s group
married couple takes up residence with husbands maternal uncle
- form of dowry
- Payment made by groom or his kin to the kin of the wife in order to ratify the marriage
group of people married without gender specification
marriage indicates new social relationship between groups
- socioeconomic/political relations
- marriage indicates change in responsibilities and new rites
husband spends time working for wifes family
man marries group of sisters
- relationships that are based on blood or marriage
- state of being kin
- culturally sanctioned union
- between two or more people
- establishes certain rights and obligations between the people.
- include: sex, labor, property, child rearing, exchange and status.
marry-out or die out hypothesis
- forces members
- seek out mates
- outside of domestic groups
- to widen economic and political connections
instinct revulsion explanation (taboo)
disgusted and turned off toward anyone you are related to.
- any cultural rule or norm that prohibits sexual relations between closely related persons
- It is bad to have a sexual relationship with siblings or a parent/child
- viewed from reference of EGO
- from persons viewpoint we are tracing the relationship
biological degeration explanation
Human marriage patterns are based on specific cultural beliefs rather than universal concerns about ________