Anthro final chp. 7

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camsanchez
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291042
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Anthro final chp. 7
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2014-12-14 03:16:43
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chp. 7
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  1. family
    • group of people who are considered to be related in some way, by “ blood” ( common ances-try or descent) or marriage.
    • ( e. g., parents, children, siblings, grandparents, grandchildren, uncles, aunts etc)
  2. family of orientation
    the family in which one is born and grows up
  3. family of procreation
    formed when one marries and has children
  4. Types of Kin group
    • consanguines
    • affines
    • domestic group
    • exogamy
    • endogamy
  5. kin group:
    group of people who are related and share common interests and identity
  6. patrilocal
    • rule that when a couple marries, it moves to the husband’s com-munity, so that their children will grow up in their father’s village.
    • (usually associated with patrilineal)
  7. Types of Postmarital residence patterns
    • viri/patrilocal
    • uxori/matrilocal
    • bilocal
    • neolocal
    • avunculocal
  8. types of forms of decent
    • cognatic
    • unilineal
    • patrilineal
    • matrilineal
    • bilateral
  9. neolocal
    (postmarital residence pattern)
    Married couples are expected to establish a new place of residence— a “ home of their own.”
  10. extended family household
    family household includes three or more generations

    (usually seen in poorer families)
  11. median age for marriage in men and women then and now:
    • Men: 23;28
    • women: 21: 26.5
  12. decent group
    permanent social unit whose members claim common ancestry
  13. patrilineal decent
    automatically have lifetime membership in their father’s group.

    (much more common)
  14. matrilineal decent
    automatically have lifetime membership in their mothers group.
  15. unilineal decent
    use one line only, either the male or the female line - never both
  16. lineages or clans decent
    belief that members descend from the same apical ancestor, the person who stands at the apex, or top, of the common genealogy.

    (ex. adam and eve ancestors of all humanity)
  17. How do lineages and clans differ?
    • lineage uses demonstrated descent - Members recite names of their forebears from the apical ancestor through the present. ( This doesn’t mean their recitations are accurate, only that lineage members think they are.)
    • clans use stipulated descent - Clan members say they descend from the apical ancestor, without trying to trace the actual genealogical links.
  18. matrilocal(ity)
    Married couples live in the wife’s community, and their children grow up in their mother’s village.
  19. common law
    domestic partnerships that are not legally sanctioned.
  20. Terminology about the number of spouses
    • monogamy
    • polygamy
    • polyandry
    • polygyny
    • group marriage
    • marriage alliance
    • marital exchanges
    • bridewealth
    • bride service
    • dowry
  21. exogomy
    • seeking a mate outside one’s own group
    • (prohibits incest)
  22. incest
    • sexual contact with a relative, but cultures define their kin and incest differently.
    • incest is culturally constructed
  23. endogomy
    mating or marriage within a group to which one belongs
  24. affines/affinals
    relatives through marriage, such as a brother- in- law or mother- in- law.
  25. dowry
    when the bride’s family or kin group provides substantial gifts when their daughter marries.
  26. polygamy
    • plural marriage
    • to more than one spouse at the same time
  27. polygyny
    a man has more than one wife.
  28. polyandry
    a woman has more than one husband
  29. monogomy
    • married to just one person
    • Individuals may have more than one spouse but never, legally, more than one at the same time.
  30. domestic group
    • family members associated with the home
    • individuals who live together in a household
  31. consanguines
    blood or biological relatives by birth
  32. bilateral decent
    lifetime membership to both family ties
  33. cognatic decent
    no formal rule if people join mothers or fathers side
  34. bilocal residence pattern
    couple alternates between wife’s and  husband’s group
  35. avunculocal
    married couple takes up residence with husbands maternal uncle
  36. bridewealth
    • form of dowry
    • Payment made by groom or his kin to the kin of the wife in order to ratify the marriage
  37. group marriage
    group of people married without gender specification
  38. marital exchange
    marriage indicates new social relationship between groups
  39. marriage alliance
    • socioeconomic/political relations
    • marriage indicates change in responsibilities and new rites
  40. bride service
    husband spends time working for wifes family
  41. sonogamy
    man marries group of sisters
  42. kinship
    • relationships that are based on blood or marriage
    • state of being kin
  43. marriage
    • culturally sanctioned union
    • between two or more people
    • establishes certain rights and obligations between the people.
    • include: sex, labor, property, child rearing, exchange and status.
  44. marry-out or die out hypothesis
    • forces members
    • seek out mates
    • outside of domestic groups
    • to widen economic and political connections
  45. instinct revulsion explanation (taboo)
    disgusted and turned off toward anyone you are related to.
  46. incest taboo
    • any cultural rule or norm that prohibits sexual relations between closely related persons
    • It is bad to have a sexual relationship with siblings or a parent/child
  47. kinship chart/diagram
    • viewed from reference of EGO
    • from persons viewpoint we are tracing the relationship
  48. biological degeration explanation
    Human marriage patterns are based on specific cultural beliefs rather than universal concerns about ________

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