CLCIV 101 set 1

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MarkK
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291049
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CLCIV 101 set 1
Updated:
2014-12-08 18:44:11
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CLCIV101 greek
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final test of CLCIV 101
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    • Herodotus of Halicarnassus
    • 484-425 B.C.
    • moved to Athens
    • really loved Athens
    • claimed Xerxes was defeated because of the Greeks' love of freedom
    • Histories ends at 479B.C.
  1. Miltiades
    • Themistocles
    • ostracized, died in Persian territory
  2. Parthenon
  3. Battle of Plataea
    • 479 B.C.
    • Persian War
    • King Pausanias of Sparta: 40,000 men,
    • few cavalry
    • Xerxes’ general Mardonius: 300,000 men,
    • many cavalry
    • Greek victory
    • Dionysus
    • festivals: Lenaea , City Dinoysia (founded 534)
    • painting by Cleophrades, 490BC
  4. Aeschylus
    • earliest surviving tragic poet
    • 525-456
    • The Persians, 470, about battle of Salamis(honors Themistocles)
    • Sophocles
    • 496- 406
    • friend of Herodotus
    • Oedipus
    • priest of healing god Asclepius
    • priests and oracles always right in his plays
    • Euripides
    • 485-406
    • Medea, Bacchae
    • eccentric and loner
    • moved to court of King Archelaus of Macedon
    • plays ask uncomfortable questions
  5. performance of plays
    • actors wore masks
    • performed at city's expense (and a wealthy sponsor)
    • orchestra, skene, crane
    • Pericles
    • Alcmaeonid
    • descendant of Cleisthenes
    • sponsored The Persians, 470
    • re-elected one of 10 generals every year
    • good speaker, not corrupt
  6. battle of Salamis
    480  B.C
  7. Xerxes
    assassinated in 465 B.C.
    • Thucydides
    • 460-395B.C.
  8. Sparta at the outset of Peloponnesian War
    • outdated proto-democratic constitution
    • small minority of full citizens
    • Peloponnesian League = land power
    • Corinth had a fleet
  9. Athens before the Peloponnesian War
    • first ever democracy
    • equal rights before the law
    • sea power
    • bold
  10. The Delian League
    • began 478BC
    • HQ is on Delos
    • Athens is the real leader
  11. Cimon
    • Athenian
    • son of Miltiades
    • defeated Xerxes in 468 BC
    • 464: sends hoplites to Messenia to help Sparta with a helot uprising
    • 451: killed fighting the Persians
  12. Mount Ithome, Messenia
    place where in 464 Athenians besiege the hoplites, Spartans send Athenians away
  13. Cimon's ostracism
    • 462-461BC
    • Ostracized while wealthy hoplites are away
    • radical democrats take over
  14. How did the Peloponnesian War begin?
    • Radical Democrats
    • pay for service to Athenian state
    • more democratic
    • need more tribute from "allies"
    • allies ask Sparta for help
  15. Ephialtes
    • first radical democrat leader, was assassinated
    • succeeded by Pericles
  16. Pericles' constitutional changes (462-461)
    • no political role for aristocratic Areopagus
    • state business to law courts
    • pay for jury-service
    • any citizen can be "archon"
  17. radical's foreign policy (461-454BC)
    • alliance with Argos
    • war with Sparta
    • war with Persia
  18. First Peloponnesian War
    461-454
  19. end of First Peloponnesian War
    454: Athens loses a lot of men and ships in Egypt, forced to surrender
  20. When was the treasury of the Delian League moved? Where?
    moved in 454 to the Parthenon (Acropolis)
  21. Pericles' citizenship law
    • 450
    • required Athenian descent on both sides
    • excludes his own children by mistress Aspasia
  22. What was Pericles' mistress' name?
    Aspasia
  23. Peace of Callias
    • 451
    • radicals make secret peace with Persia
  24. 445
    • 30 year peace treaty signed by Pericles with Sparta, Athenian empire gone in central Greece
    • Athens keeps its allies in Aegean (tribute)
  25. Athens treatment of allies
    • must use Athenian money/democracy
    • all legal cases must go to Athens
    • no taxes on Athenian citizens
    • tribute used to rebuild Acropolis at Athens
  26. Athens treatment of allies who tried to rebel
    • Athenian garrisons
    • sons of leaders as hostages
    • confiscation of land for Athenian settlers
  27. Pericles' circle of friends
    • Pheidias - a sculptor (exiled)
    • Aspasia of Miletus - mistress (prosecuted)
    • Anaxagoras - thinker (exiled)
  28. Causes for 2nd Peloponnesian War
    • 431 BC
    • quarrel with Spartan ally Corinth over Corcyra, Epidamnus and Potidaia
    • quarrel over Athens' economic sanctions against neighbor Megara
    • Thucydides' story starts here

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