soc 100 ch 12

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soc 100 ch 12
2010-08-05 23:20:56
race ethnicity

race and ethnicity
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  1. physical characteristics that distinguish one group from another
  2. the systematic annihilation or attempted annihilation of a people because of their presumed race or ethnic group
  3. having distinctive cultural characteristics
  4. people who are singled out for unequal treatment and who regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination
    minority group
  5. the group with most power, greatest privileges, and highest social status
    dominant group
  6. activities designed to discover, enhance, or maintain ethnic and racial identification
    ethnic work
  7. the view that Americans of various backgrounds would blend into a sort of ethnic stew
    melting pot
  8. the act of unfair treatment directed against an individual or a group
  9. prejudic and discrimination on the basis of race
  10. an attitude or prejudging, usually in a negative way
  11. the negative treatment of one person by another on the basis of that person's perceived characteristics
    individual discrimination
  12. the negative treatment of a minority group that is built into a society's instituions; also called systemic discrimination
    institutional discrimination
  13. an individual or group unfairly blamed for someone else's troubles
  14. Theodor Adorno's term for people who are prejudiced and rank high on sclaes of conformity, intolerance, insecurity, respsect for authority, and submissiveness to superiors
    authoritarian personality
  15. the unemployed; unemployed workers are thought of as being "in reserve" - capitalists take them "out of reserve" (put them back to work) during times of high production and then lay them off (put them back inreserve) when they are no longer needed
    reserve labor force
  16. workers split along racial, ethnic, gender, age, or any other lines; this split is exploited by owners to weaken the bargaining power of workers
    split labor market
  17. seeing certain features of an object or situation, but remaining blind to others
    selective perception
  18. to separate acts from feelings or attitudes
  19. forcing a minority group to move
    population transfer
  20. a policy of population elimination, including forcible explusion and genocide
    ethnic cleansing
  21. the policy of economically exploiting minority groups
    internal colonialism
  22. the policy of keeping racial-ethnic groups apart
  23. the process of being absorbed into the mainstream culture
  24. a philosophy or political policy that permits or encourages ethnic difference
  25. White Anglo-Saxon Protestant; narrowly, an American
  26. white immigrants to the United States whose culture differ from that of WASPs
    white ethnics
  27. the sense that better condition are soon to follow, which, if unfulfilled, increase frustration
    rising expectations