Oceanography Final 10-14 Baker OCC

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Oceanography Final 10-14 Baker OCC
2014-12-08 20:52:02
Oceanography Final 10 14 Baker OCC
Oceanography Final 10-14 Baker OCC
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  1. A strong wind that blows continuously in one direction for almost three days will create the maximum wave size theoretically possible for a wind of specific strength, duration, and fetch. What is this called?

  2. Internal waves occur in the ocean at the base of the , especially at the bottom edge of a steep thermocline.

  3. A tsunami can be cause by?

  4. Often a dangerous consequence of Tsunamis is that the of the wave occurs first and subsequently attracts people to explore further offshore.

  5. A wavelength is determined by the:

  6. The abrupt bulge of water driven ashore by a tropical cyclone (hurricane) is called?

  7. Arrange a list of waves in order from smallest wavelength to longest wavelength?

  8. Wind waves are examples of orbital waves that move how?

  9. The vertical distance between a successive wave crest and wave trough is best described as?

  10. A wind wave of 30-meter wavelength will act as a deep-water wave if it is passing through water that is meter(s) deep.

  11. It takes 10 seconds for a wave to move a distance of one wavelength, what is this called?

  12. Modern tsunami warning systems depend on:

  13. The wave you surf on in California may have come from the middle of the Pacific. What has been transmitted across the ocean basin?

  14. Waves that are moving through water that is deeper than one-half of the wavelength are known as:

  15. The slowing and bending of waves as they approach the shore from an angle is called ?

  16. What type of wave does not “feel” the bottom ?

  17. What type of waves is almost always a deep water wave?

  18. The factors necessary to make a really large wind wave are _____________, ___________, and ___________.

  19. in December of 2004, was one of the worlds worst natural disasters on record, killing nearly 300,000 people in all.

  20. Gravity is the restoring force for what waves?

  21. What are the two largest forces generating earth’s tides?

  22. The moon has a greater effect on the Earth's tides than the sun because?

  23. Please refer to the diagram drawn below to answer the next question. In the figure above, what is the wave height?

  24. What type of tides would be found in the following situation?

  25. What is true of Neap tides?

  26. Tides have a wavelength that is how long?

  27. What happens to waves with constructive interference?

  28. A wave that sloshes back and forth from one end of a basin to another, such as in a harbor, lake, or small body of water is referred to as?

  29. What type of tide is characterized by the following data:
    Monday Low -.2 ft 8:15 am;
    Monday High 6.8 ft 8:40 pm;
    Tuesday Low -.3 ft 9:05am;
    Tuesday High 6.9 ft 9:30 pm

  30. In a region with semidiurnal tides, if a high tide occurs at midnight (12 AM), the next low tide will occur at what time?

  31. In a region with diurnal tides, if a high tide occurs at midnight (12 AM), the next high tide will occur at what time?

  32. What is a coastal cell?

  33. What is the global, long term-change to sea level called?

  34. Low tides are associated with the area between (not within) bulges of water created by the moon and sun’s gravitational pull. T or F

  35. Seiches can have a wavelength equal to what?

  36. The east coast of the United States receives two high tides and two low tides of roughly the same heights per day. What kind of tidal pattern is this?

  37. A flood current is created by what?

  38. What type of current is create when a tide changes from high to low tide?

  39. What is the tidal datum in reference to in regions with semidiurnal mixed tides?

  40. What is usually the highest point on a depositional beach?

  41. What is a factor that is instrumental in shaping an erosional coast?

  42. A wave of water moving up a river, initiated by tidal action and normal resonances within a river estuary, is called ________________.

  43. What are the typical tide patterns for California?

  44. What are the factors of Eustatic change?

  45. What type of coastline has sea caves, blowholes, sea arches and sea stacks?

  46. What is the name for a relatively old coast that is steadily growing due to their sediment accumulation?

  47. The United States coastline has a percentage of depositional coastlines compared to erosional coastlines.

  48. What organisms can fix nitrogen into usable chemical forms?

  49. A salmon migrates from the ocean to freshwater rivers to spawn. What best describes what type of environment the salmon moves from and into with respect to tonicity?

  50. What open water zone is near shore and over the continental shelf?

  51. What layer is permanently devoid of light?

  52. What is the largest biogeochemical cycle?

  53. What is the most accurate term for the feeding relationships among organisms living in the ocean?

  54. What classification best describes the seafloor environment?

  55. Where would phytoplankton such as diatoms be most productive with respect to photosynthesis?

  56. What is a heterotroph?

  57. Before nitrogen can be used by organisms to make proteins and nucleic acids, it must first be fixed into a usable form such as nitrates. T or F

  58. What type of reef is a ring-shaped island of coral with a lagoon at its center?

  59. Seawalls increase the amount of along the shore because they deflect wave energy.

  60. El Nino events create variations in local sea level changes.

  61. What type of coasts to High energy coasts tend to be? What do they look like?

  62. The transport of sediment along the beach is due to what?

  63. Berms, berm crests, and longshore bars are all features of what type of coast?

  64. During what season does sand on a depositional beach accumulate which season does the sand erodes from the beach and is moved to an offshore location.

  65. is the main method of binding energy into carbohydrates on the planet.

  66. Which has a lower primary productivity per square meter ocean or land?

  67. What are Barrier islands ?

  68. A is the area where ocean meets the land and a is the larger zone affected by the processes that occur at that boundary.

  69. In a coastal cell, how is sand permanently lost from the beach?

  70. When high or low tidal currents begin to change direction, there is a period where there is no net movement. It is called:

  71. Diffusion of water across a semipermeable membrane is called:

  72. Hydrothermal vent communities depend on what type of energy production in order to capture energy and convert inorganic molecules into glucose molecules.

  73. What is needed for living matter to function?

  74. Photosynthesis requires energy in what form in order to convert inorganic carbon dioxide into glucose molecules.

  75. A long, narrow, steep-sided, flooded coastal valley is called:

  76. What is a delta coast.

  77. Global long term sea level has been rising…

  78. At the molecular level, is all life on Earth is fundamentally the same?

  79. What is plankton?

  80. Why are phytoplankton critical for marine life?

  81. What is true of compensation depth:

  82. Which plankton are considered microplankton?

  83. What season does phytoplankton peak in the northern temperate zone?

  84. What is the most abundant larger zooplankton?

  85. Dinoflagellates, diatoms, and copepods could be categorized as…

  86. Larvae of fish, echinoderms, and molluscs could be categorized as….

  87. Approximately how much of the sunlight energy absorbed by diatoms is converted into energy for carbohydrate chemical bonds.

  88. are able to utilize more frequencies of light so they can be deeper in the euphotic zone and need less light.

  89. What process is essential in the restoration of non-conservative nutrients and supports the continuation of photosynthetic productivity in the ocean?

  90. What factor(s) limit primary productivity in the ocean?

  91. Distinguishing between living and non-living things can be tricky. In general, if something is living it has the ability to:

  92. Where is phytoplankton the most productive?

  93. Which of the following would be considered the smallest form of plankton? Copepods
    , Diatoms, Cyanobacteria, or Viruses

  94. What planktonic group accounts for 80% of all photosynthesis in the tropics?

  95. The rigid cell wall of a diatom is called a .

  96. What allows diatoms to expand in size during reproduction?

  97. What is usually responsible for the harmful algal blooms known as red tides?

  98. A highly biological productive ocean surface appears chalky due to the calcium carbonate cell walls. This is due to the successful bloom of what plankton?

  99. What kingdom are seaweeds in?

  100. Which photosynthetic organisms have vascular tissues.