Oceanography Final 15-18 Baker OCC

Card Set Information

Oceanography Final 15-18 Baker OCC
2014-12-08 20:53:56
Oceanography Final 15 18 Baker OCC
Oceanography Final 15-18 Baker OCC
Show Answers:

  1. What are the characteristics of arthropods?

  2. What are some examples of suspension feeders?

  3. What class is comprised of nautiluses, octopuses, and squid?

  4. What is considered the most advanced to least advanced animal phyla?

  5. Sharks, skates, and Rays belong to what class of fish?

  6. What class includes bony fish species such as mackerel?

  7. Which worm has a segmented body plan?

  8. What is the least successful vertebrate in the marine environment?

  9. What is considered the most primitive true animal?

  10. Which phylum is found exclusively in marine habitats?

  11. What is the transitional organism from invertebrates to vertebrates?

  12. What adaptation have only toothed whales developed for prey detection?

  13. What phylum contains sea jellies?

  14. What makes up the greatest biomass of any species on Earth?

  15. Which phylum has the most number of species?

  16. Which of the following is an invertebrate chordate?

  17. What percentage of all living and fossil animals are invertebrates?

  18. What do the simplest vertebrate fish lack?

  19. Which marine reptiles make long migrations to lay eggs on the very same beach they hatched from?

  20. What are the stinging cells present in cnidarians?

  21. What comprises an arthropod’s exoskeleton?

  22. The manatees, dugongs, and sea cow are members of what marine mammal group?

  23. Which of the following represents a member of the Order Carnivora, Suborder Fissipedia?

  24. Cetaceans are comprised of what two groups?

  25. Which marine mammals have the ability to echolocate?

  26. Which of the marine mammals no longer retain external hindlimbs?

  27. What is true of Mysticetes?

  28. What are Cetaceans ?

  29. Photosynthetic autotrophs changed the composition of the atmosphere during what time? .

  30. How does Schooling behavior benefit fish?

  31. Cnidarians exhibit what type of symmetry?

  32. The teeth in odontocetes are made of what?

  33. Barnacles are from what Phyla?

  34. How doe Brittle stars get away from predators?

  35. An organism's address within it's community, it's physical location is also known as....

  36. A niche is:

  37. A stable, long-established community is known as

  38. Salinity, Temperature, Wave Shock are what type of factors?:

  39. An organism with a wide range of tolerance for salinity changes is said to be...

  40. A Eurythermal organism might be best adapted for which condition?

  41. What is water called when it is a mixture of both freshwater and seawater?

  42. Which distribution is the most common found in communities?

  43. What is the study of the interaction between environmental factors and organisms in a community?

  44. What is a community?

  45. What community has the highest biomass per unit of surface area?

  46. What can occur when organisms are exposed to air and sunlight?

  47. What describes a fish species with a narrow tolerance of salinity changes?

  48. What do most deep water consumers depend on for survival?

  49. What process re-establishes climax communities after a major disruption in the environment?

  50. What is the name for the pelagic community that lives in the upper limits of the permanent darkness in the deep ocean and is comprised of a dense population of fish, squid, and other vertical migrators?

  51. What do many deep water organisms use for feeding and the attraction of mates?

  52. Why was the feeding strategy of Riftia (Pogonoferan) worms such a mystery to scientists when they were first discovered?

  53. What is thought to aid the proliferation and spread of hydrothermal vents?

  54. What are characteristics of deep water animals?

  55. What is considered to be the world’s most important commercial marine product?

  56. What tools do fishermen now employ to locate schools of fish?

  57. What is the fastest-growing mariculture production?

  58. Why does oil seep to the surface from its source rock?

  59. What marine resource has been rendered uneconomical due to the cost of extraction?

  60. What is the petroleum found in marine sediments likely to have been formed from?

  61. How much of the world’s table salt is produced by the evaporation of seawater?

  62. What is the second most valuable marine resource?

  63. What is the main species of whale targeted by the Japanese and Norwegian whalers?

  64. What kind of resource is waste disposal?

  65. What is bycatch?

  66. Who is responsible for the consumption of approximately a quarter of the global oil supply?

  67. What determines an organism’s response to a particular pollutant?

  68. How long does it take for many plastics to decompose?

  69. How long does marine life usually tend to recover from a crude oil spill?

  70. Who was responsible for the environmental movement?

  71. What happens when corals exceed their normal temperatures for too long of a period of time?

  72. How do the insoluble components of oil affect the ocean?

  73. Why is the ozone layer important?

  74. What percentage of marine pollutants originates from human activities on land?

  75. Based on MARPOL, what type of material is illegal to dump at sea any distance from shore?

  76. Where does the largest addition of oil to the ocean come from?

  77. Why are some male fish in the ocean developing female characteristics?

  78. Although these are all common in our atmosphere, which one is not a greenhouse gas?

  79. Which of the greenhouse gases is considered the number one global warming gas?

  80. Which habitat is the most impacted by pollutants?

  81. What is favorable news associated with global warming—perhaps one of the few advantages?

  82. Crude oil is more harmful to the environment than refined oil. T or F

  83. The acceptance of global energy change is difficult because fossil fuels power most of the world economies. T or F

  84. The depletion of the ozone layer near the poles had a major impact on the productivity of plankton. This is because the plankton was receiving too much ultraviolet light. T or F

  85. In some cases, areas where oil spills were cleaned had communities in worse shape than in areas where an oil spill was left alone. T or F

  86. There is an area is the North East Pacific where plastic has been accumulating for a long time and has come to be known as:

  87. In the past 400,000 years, carbon dioxide has never exceeded ppm.

  88. In what era do we see the most dramatic rise in carbon dioxide?

  89. Is Global Warming a natural phenomenon?

  90. Marine resources come from the what areas?

  91. Extractive marine resources include:

  92. Aragonite sands in the Bahamas are mined for use in:

  93. The color in salt evaporation ponds come from:

  94. Algin is used commercially for what?

  95. The largest midwater trawl net is large enough to hold what?

  96. The variety of species in a given area is also called:

  97. Whales that are able to dive to deep depths (1000’s of meters) and come back to the surface to breath with no ill effects can best be described as:

  98. The number of inidividuals of a species per unit area or unit volume of habitat is also called:

  99. What is true of Sandy beach communities?

  100. Clownfish making a home in a live anemone can best be described as what type of symbiosis?