HBSE 1

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Mental86
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291085
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HBSE 1
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2014-12-08 21:34:20
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HBSE
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HBSE 1 final
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  1. A male primary sex characteristic is
    a. Growth of penis b. Development of prostate gland c. Testes d. All of the above
  2. A Female secondary sex characteristics is
    Breasts
  3. One's values beliefs , mission, awareness, subjectivity, experience, sense of purpose and direction is called
    Spirituality
  4. Which of the following are defined as secondary
    sex characteristics?
    • Hair growth
    • Development of reproductive organs
    • Skin changes
    • All of the above
  5. According to Marcia, which category of identity crisis is a person in if they are currently in a crisis and exploring various
    commitments and ready to make choices, but has not made a commitment to these
    choices yet?
    Moratorium
  6. Which level of Gilligan’s Moral Development involves women putting aside their own needs and wishes and place importance on the well-being of others?
    Level 2: Goodness as Self-Sacrifice
  7. In Erikson’s Psychosocial theory, at what ages does an individual generally experience autonomy vs. shame and doubt?
    8 months to 3 years old
  8. Which of the following is an not an Identity status according to James Marcia?
    Empowerment
  9. According to Erikson's Psychosocial Theory, in which of these stages of development is the Ego strength of Will developed?
    Autonomy vs. Shame and doubt
  10. Which stage of Kohlberg's Moral Development falls under the level 2 Conventional Morality?
    good boy/girl morality
  11. Which of the following tend to be causes of adolescent suicide?
    • Increased Stress
    • Family Issues
    • Psychological Variables
    • all of the above
  12. According to Merton's types of people in terms of prejudice, a condo owner who has no personal issue with African Americans but chooses to rent to Caucasians is:
    the unprejudiced discriminator
  13. Erik Eriksons criticisms included:
    not enough data
  14. Fowler's theory of development does not focus on which of the following?
    ethics
  15. According to James Marcia, identity achievement occurs when:
    someone undergoes intense decision making to develop a personalized set of values
  16. Stereotypes are defined as:
    Preconceived and relatively fixed ideas about an individual, group, or social status.
  17. Which is not a stage in Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory:
    Achievement v. Isolation
  18. The task of becoming independent during adolescence involve everything except:
    Task Independence
  19. Which of the following would be considered a source of prejudice and discrimination?
    • belief in one true religion
    • projection
    • history
    • all of the above
  20. According to Erikson's psychosocial theory, young adulthood is associated with which crisis?
    intimacy vs. isolation
  21. Molly wants candy from the store. She knows that her mom will get mad if she sees Molly eating candy before dinner and will likely be mad at her for eating an unhealthy snack. Molly decides to not buy any candy because she wants to be a good girl for her mom. Molly is operating at what LEVEL according to Kohlberg's moral development theory?
    conventional morality
  22. All of the following are strategies for enhancing self concept for adolescents except
    • developing coping skills
    • promoting competencies in specific areas
    • practicing negative self talk
    • encouraging achievement.
  23. What is not one effect of early physical maturation for boys?
    they tend to be more resilient as adults
  24. What is the definition of a prejudiced nondiscriminator?
    someone who feels hostile toward other groups but does not act on their beliefs
  25. What is an example of de jure discrimination?
    Jim Crow laws enacted after the Civil War
  26. According to Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory, what is not likely to happen to a preschool-aged child who is constantly
    punished or treated harshly?
    • he will learn how to take the initiative to explore his world
    • he will experience guilt
    • he will become a passive observer
    • he will feel the desire to explore and experience new things
  27. What is ethnocentrism?
    A set of beliefs that views one’s own culture as superior
  28. What are three birth control measures recommended by the American Academy of pediatrics (AAP)?
    Oral contraceptives, IUD’s and Injectable contraception
  29. What is the first stage in Ericson’s Psychological Theory?
    Basic trust vs. basic mistrust
  30. What are the three styles of interaction when it comes to assertiveness?
    Nonassertive, assertive and aggressive
  31. Which of the following is not a secondary sexual characteristic?
    Menarch
  32. Girls who experience late maturation experience which of the following?
    Higher academic performance
  33. Which of James Marcia's levels of identity has the least amount of maturity?
    Moratorium
  34. Which stage of Fowler's Theory of Faith Development deals with the person comparing beliefs with teachings?
    5: Indiviuative-Reflective Faith
  35. Which one is or are true about the history of violence against minorities in the United States? Page 240
    • Minorities have been subjected to extensive violence by whites in our society.
    • Lynch mobs included not only men but sometimes also women and children.
  36. Which is or are false about why teens get pregnant? Page 291
    Adolescents often use contraception consistently.
  37. Which is or are a criticism(s) of Kohlberg’s theory true? Page 325
    • Kohlberg’s theory is culturally biased
    • Kohlberg’s theory places primary emphasis on how people think, not what they do
  38. Which is or are true about bulimia nervosa? (362)
    • Dehydration and electrolyte imbalance can occur and in some cases cause cardiac arrhythmias and even death.
    • The disorder can go undetected by family and friends for years.
  39. Define Discrimination:
    • Prejudgment of a group
    • Negative treatment of a group
  40. Since the early days of our nation minorities have been singled out, and treated unequally. Which minorities fall under this category?:
    • Italian Americans
    • African Americans
    • Polish Americans
    • Chinese Americans
    • All the above
  41. What variables put adolescents at risk for alcohol, and other substance abuse?
    • Environmental factors
    • Peer influence
    • Family influence
    • Personal characteristics
  42. Eurocentric theories or theorists:
    Vilified people of African decent
  43. Racism is:
    Stereotyping and generalizing
  44. The African American culture has numerous components including all EXCEPT:
    Pursuit of equal rights
  45. Activism involves the politics of:
    Disorder
  46. ________ is a psychological defense mechanism in which one attributes to others characteristics that one is unwilling to recognize in oneself.
    Projection
  47. Which might be behavioral indicators of physical abuse?
    Aggressive
  48. An example of a viral infection is?
    genital herpes
  49. Which of this is not part of the SAD PERSONS SCALE
    previous attempts
  50. Parten conceptualization of children’s play is split into 6 catagories which level involves the child observing play behavior of other children?
    Onlooker play
  51. When a child is considered to be in imminent danger and it goes to court which of the three processes involves a hearing where the alleged abuse is proven or discounted?
    Adjudication
  52. Tuckman reviewed more than 50 studies of mostly therapy and sensitivity groups and
    concluded groups go through five predictable stages in which order?
    Forming, storming, norming, performing, and adjourning
  53. Who has advanced a relational model of group development that is most applicable to women’s groups?
    Schiller Model
  54. Assuming children over the age of 1 year old should not sleep with their parents is a form of:
    Ethnocentrism
  55. Gilligan’s moral development addressed on what concept?
    The difference between male and female morality
  56. What is Institutional Racism?
    Discriminatory acts and policies against a racial group that pervade the major macro systems of society, including the legal, political, economic, and educational systems
  57. According to the Eriksonian theory of psychosocial development, people become concerned with helping, producing for, or guiding the following generation in stage_____.
    Stage 7: Generativity Versus Stagnation
  58. Which stage of Kohlberg’s Moral Development focuses on behavior being based on internal ethical principals and decisions are made by whether something is right rather then what is written in law?
    Postconventional
  59. What percentage of young women under the age of 20 become pregnant?
    7%
  60. Two issues that are significant in adolescence and young adulthood are:
    Assertiveness and suicide
  61. Preconventional Morality
    • Stage 1: Obedience and Punishment Orientation
    • ● decisions made to avoid punishment
    • Stage 2: Naive instrumental hedonism
    • ● fair trades or exchanges or seeking rewards
  62. Conventional Morality
    • Stage 3: Good boy/girl morality
    • ● live up to the expectations of others
    • Stage 4: Authority maintaining morality
    • ● Obeying laws and respecting authority of societyas a whole
  63. Postconventional Morality
    • Stage 5: Social contracts and individual rights
    • ● beyond law and self-interests
    • Stage 6: Individual principles and conscience
    • ● based on universal ethical principles
  64. DIFFUSION
    • No crisis
    • No commitment
  65. Moratorium
    • Crisis
    • No Commitment
  66. Foreclosure
    • Commitment
    • No Crisis
  67. Achievement
    • Commitment
    • Crisis
  68. Basic Trust vs. Basic Mistrust
    • ● Infant to 18 months
    • ● Freud: Oral Stage
    • ● Erikson ego mode: incorporation
    • ● Babies are taking things in with all senses
    • ● In their interactions they are looking for consistency, reliability, predictability
    • ● Babies must learn to trust themselves
  69. Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt
    • ● 1 to 3 years old
    • ● Freud: Anal Stage
    • ● Erikson ego mode: retention and elimination ● Children learn to hold things (both in toileting and physically)
    • ● They also learn to let things go or push them away
  70. Initiative vs. Guilt
    • ● 3 to 6 years old
    • ● Freud: Phallic Stage
    • ● Erikson ego mode: intrusion
    • ● Intrusion into: ○ “other bodies” ○ “people’s ears and minds” ○ “space by locomotion” ○ “the unknown by consuming curiosity”
  71. Industry vs. Inferiority
    • ● 6 to 11 years old
    • ● Freud: Latency Stage
    • ● Children learn meaningful work and developing attention and diligence ○ Cultural sensitivity: work is defined by the culture
    • ● Inferiority is can develop particularly if childhas had dificulty with previous stages
  72. Identity vs. Role Confusion
    • ● Adolescence/Puberty
    • ● Freud: Genital Stage
    • ● Adolescent’s primary task is to establish a sense of ego identity○ a feeling for who you are and your place in society
    • ● Teens become “clannish”
    • ● Relationships help one establish identity
  73. Stages of social play
    • 1. Unoccupied behavior
    • 2. Onlooker play
    • 3. Solitary play
    • 4. Paralel play (age 3)
    • 5. Associative play (age 4)
    • 6. Cooperative play (age 5)

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