Literary Theory and Criticism Final Exam

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Literary Theory and Criticism Final Exam
2014-12-08 23:48:29
xkuay literary theory criticism english 385 csusb chadluck luck professorluck

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  1. Who wrote the interpretation of Dreams?
    Sigmund Freud
  2. Sigmund Freud wrote:
    The Interpretation of Dreams
  3. Who wrote the Mirror Stage
    Jacques Lacan
  4. Jacques Lacan wrote:
    The Mirror Stage
  5. Gilbert and Gubar wrote:
    The Madwoman in the Attic
  6. The Madwoman in the Attic was written by
    Gilbert and Gubar
  7. Laura Mulvey wrote
    Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema
  8. Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema was written by
    Laura Mulvey
  9. Judith Butler wrote:
    Imitation and Gender Insubordination
  10. Imitation and Gender Insubordination was written by
    Judith Butler
  11. Michel Foucault wrote
    The History of Sexuality
  12. The History of Sexuality was written by
    Michel foucault
  13. Karl Marx wrote
    Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 and The German ideology
  14. Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts and The German Ideology was written by
    Karl Marx
  15. Raymond Williams wrote
    Base and super structure in Marxist Critical Theory
  16. Base and Super Structure in Marxist Critical theory was written by
    Raymond Williams
  17. Frantz Fanon wrote:
    The Fact of Blackness
  18. The Fact of Blackness was written by:
    Frantz Fanon
  19. Super Ego = 
    Ego =
    • Super Ego = Conscience
    • Ego =The Conscious Self
    • Id= The Unconscious
  20. Five ways that the Unconscious reveals itself
    • slip of the tongue
    • dreams
    • jokes
    • memory lapses
    • art and literature
  21. What is the Oedipal complex?
    • Freudian idea. Boys are sexually attracted to mothers and see fathers as rivals. Fear father will castrate them like mother. 
    • Fear causes super ego =teaches to repress desire
  22. Manifest content =
    Imagery and words of dream itself
  23. Imagery and words of dream itself is:
    Manifest Content
  24. Dream work =
    process where latent content turns into manifest content
  25. Latent Content
    Disguised stuff. Unconscious. Dream thoughts.
  26. Infant Stage:
    0-6 months. confusing blend of  experiences, feelings, biological needs, sense perception
  27. Mirror Stage:
    • 6-18 months. External image of body causes psychological response the provides concept of the "I". 
    • Asymptotic I vs Ideal I where one never reaches ideal self and the chase/ split is the cause of neurosis and psychosis.
  28. Acquisition of Language:
    18 months to 4 years. Law of the Father or Law of No. Baby understands "no." aka, prohibition.
  29. Anxiety of Influence
    Bloom's theory. Anxiety that what you write has been written before so you'll have nothing new to offer.
  30. Anxiety of Authorship: What is it? And who presented the idea?
    Theory by Gilbert in Gubar from Madwoman in the attic. Tweak on bloom. States that female writers fear that they cannot create and that writing will destroy her.
  31. Scopophilia: What is it and who presented it?
    Laura Mulvey in Visual Pleausre and Narrative Cinema. The pleasure of looking at another person or object. Subjecting them to our controlling gaze. Ability to look at them wherever you want for how ever long you want.
  32. What is Identification in terms of feminism? And who presented it?
    Laura Mulvey in Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema. Taking pleasure in identifying w/ an ideal image. Male Protagonist.
  33. Sex vs Gender? And what article is the coming from and by who?
    • Sex: Anatomy/ biology
    • Gender: Series of behaviors or traits which culturally distinguish masculinity and femininity. Imitation and Gender Insubordination - Judith Butler.
  34. What are the two gender theories?
    Expressive and Performative.
  35. Expressive Theory:
    • gender is to the body as the soul is to the body. 
    • body encloses an invisible principle that governs it. 
    • Butler thinks that gender is much more fluid than this idea.
  36. Performative theory:
    • Judith Butler. Imitation and Gender Insubordination. 
    • Gender is produced through endless performances where we try to imitate certain gender behaviors. 
    • NO true or false in gender, like presented by performative utterances by Austin. 
    • Performance makes it happen. Makes it come to be.
  37. Gender Performances fail because
    • gender norms can't be performed perfectly.
    • Always feels slightly weird when we make "mistakes"
  38. Subversiveness of Drag and the 3 aspects of the significance of drag
    • Drag calls attention to performance aspect. 
    • Calls gender categories into question. 

    • 3 aspects:
    • sex
    • gender identity (What you feel like)
    • gender performance (How you act)
  39. Who argues for Discourse and its significance? what is it?
    • Michel Foucault in THe History of Sexuality. Discourse is speech associated with a particular group. Argues that it is an expression of power. 
    • States that it actually creates and controls people.
  40. What is the subject? Who coined this phrase?
    Michel Foucault in The history of sexuality. The subject who can act out this discourse. Also a verb meaning we are subject to the power and control of institutions and their discourses.
  41. Foucault's main idea about Subjection, discourse, and institutions.
    • Argues that institutions "discipline" people by constantly watching and forcing behavior. (schools, the law)
    • Individuals end up internalizing expectations and police themselves
    • but really, there is no over lord. Everyone is subject to power.
  42. Foucault's main idea about sexuality:
    Victorians were sex obsessed. By policing sex, it actually created more discourses about it.
  43. Define Marxism:
    Political philosophy based on material analysis of history. Focus on money and labor.
  44. Define Socialism:
    Umbrella term. Includes a variety of theories of government that stress equal distribution of wealth, abolishes class differences, society should provide basic needs.
  45. Define communism:
    Marx's vision of classless, stateless, society - utopia. shared property.
  46. "Life is not determined by consciousness, but consciousness by life" - ?
    Karl Marx
  47. Marxist Basic Ideas:
    • Satisfying material needs is at the base of society. 
    • How humans change the world to achieve this is economics. 
    • Basically, money makes the world go round.
  48. Economic and Philopophical Manuscripts of 1844 and The German ideology main ideas
    • Alienation between worker and product.
    • No pride because worker doesn't see fruits of his labor.
    • Also consumer alienation, all the work put into product is invisible.
  49. Hegemony. What is it? Who talked about this idea and in what article?
    Dominant assumptions and beliefs. Base and Super Structure in Marxist Cultural Theory - Williams.
  50. Base and Super Structure in Marxist Cultural Theory main idea
    • Base and Super structure are fluid.
    • Base isn't a fixed economic or technological abstraction and super structure should be a related range of social practices and not a reflection of the base or a dependent piece of content.
  51. Alternative Culture, what article is this in?
    • Not part of the dominant culture but it wants to be left alone. Amish. 
    • Base and Super structure in Marxist cultural theory - williams.
  52. Residual culture
    Older pieces of culture. Old culture.
  53. oppositional culture
    not part of the dominant culture and also challneges the dominant culture. wants to change society. Black Panthers.
  54. Emergent Culture
    New meanings, new values, new aspects of culture. Internet, music, etc.
  55. Cultural Hybridity
    Fluid, shifting blend of culture. Productive force.
  56. Mimicry
    copying the dress, behaviors, ideas, and language of the colonizer in order to adapt and survive.
  57. Third Person Consciousness. Where can you find this and what is it?
    • The fact of blackness - Fanon 
    • Heightened self consciousness (feeling of looking at yourself)
    • Looking at yourself through the eyes of another.
  58. Triple person is his _______, ___________, and ________

    found where?
    • body, race, ancestors.
    • Fact of blackness - Fanon