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Who wrote the interpretation of Dreams?
Sigmund Freud wrote:
The Interpretation of Dreams
Who wrote the Mirror Stage
Jacques Lacan wrote:
The Mirror Stage
Gilbert and Gubar wrote:
The Madwoman in the Attic
The Madwoman in the Attic was written by
Gilbert and Gubar
Laura Mulvey wrote
Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema
Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema was written by
Judith Butler wrote:
Imitation and Gender Insubordination
Imitation and Gender Insubordination was written by
Michel Foucault wrote
The History of Sexuality
The History of Sexuality was written by
Karl Marx wrote
Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 and The German ideology
Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts and The German Ideology was written by
Raymond Williams wrote
Base and super structure in Marxist Critical Theory
Base and Super Structure in Marxist Critical theory was written by
Frantz Fanon wrote:
The Fact of Blackness
The Fact of Blackness was written by:
Super Ego =
- Super Ego = Conscience
- Ego =The Conscious Self
- Id= The Unconscious
Five ways that the Unconscious reveals itself
- slip of the tongue
- memory lapses
- art and literature
What is the Oedipal complex?
- Freudian idea. Boys are sexually attracted to mothers and see fathers as rivals. Fear father will castrate them like mother.
- Fear causes super ego =teaches to repress desire
Manifest content =
Imagery and words of dream itself
Imagery and words of dream itself is:
Dream work =
process where latent content turns into manifest content
Disguised stuff. Unconscious. Dream thoughts.
0-6 months. confusing blend of experiences, feelings, biological needs, sense perception
- 6-18 months. External image of body causes psychological response the provides concept of the "I".
- Asymptotic I vs Ideal I where one never reaches ideal self and the chase/ split is the cause of neurosis and psychosis.
Acquisition of Language:
18 months to 4 years. Law of the Father or Law of No. Baby understands "no." aka, prohibition.
Anxiety of Influence
Bloom's theory. Anxiety that what you write has been written before so you'll have nothing new to offer.
Anxiety of Authorship: What is it? And who presented the idea?
Theory by Gilbert in Gubar from Madwoman in the attic. Tweak on bloom. States that female writers fear that they cannot create and that writing will destroy her.
Scopophilia: What is it and who presented it?
Laura Mulvey in Visual Pleausre and Narrative Cinema. The pleasure of looking at another person or object. Subjecting them to our controlling gaze. Ability to look at them wherever you want for how ever long you want.
What is Identification in terms of feminism? And who presented it?
Laura Mulvey in Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema. Taking pleasure in identifying w/ an ideal image. Male Protagonist.
Sex vs Gender? And what article is the coming from and by who?
- Sex: Anatomy/ biology
- Gender: Series of behaviors or traits which culturally distinguish masculinity and femininity. Imitation and Gender Insubordination - Judith Butler.
What are the two gender theories?
Expressive and Performative.
- gender is to the body as the soul is to the body.
- body encloses an invisible principle that governs it.
- Butler thinks that gender is much more fluid than this idea.
- Judith Butler. Imitation and Gender Insubordination.
- Gender is produced through endless performances where we try to imitate certain gender behaviors.
- NO true or false in gender, like presented by performative utterances by Austin.
- Performance makes it happen. Makes it come to be.
Gender Performances fail because
- gender norms can't be performed perfectly.
- Always feels slightly weird when we make "mistakes"
Subversiveness of Drag and the 3 aspects of the significance of drag
- Drag calls attention to performance aspect.
- Calls gender categories into question.
- 3 aspects:
- gender identity (What you feel like)
- gender performance (How you act)
Who argues for Discourse and its significance? what is it?
- Michel Foucault in THe History of Sexuality. Discourse is speech associated with a particular group. Argues that it is an expression of power.
- States that it actually creates and controls people.
What is the subject? Who coined this phrase?
Michel Foucault in The history of sexuality. The subject who can act out this discourse. Also a verb meaning we are subject to the power and control of institutions and their discourses.
Foucault's main idea about Subjection, discourse, and institutions.
- Argues that institutions "discipline" people by constantly watching and forcing behavior. (schools, the law)
- Individuals end up internalizing expectations and police themselves
- but really, there is no over lord. Everyone is subject to power.
Foucault's main idea about sexuality:
Victorians were sex obsessed. By policing sex, it actually created more discourses about it.
Political philosophy based on material analysis of history. Focus on money and labor.
Umbrella term. Includes a variety of theories of government that stress equal distribution of wealth, abolishes class differences, society should provide basic needs.
Marx's vision of classless, stateless, society - utopia. shared property.
"Life is not determined by consciousness, but consciousness by life" - ?
Marxist Basic Ideas:
- Satisfying material needs is at the base of society.
- How humans change the world to achieve this is economics.
- Basically, money makes the world go round.
Economic and Philopophical Manuscripts of 1844 and The German ideology main ideas
- Alienation between worker and product.
- No pride because worker doesn't see fruits of his labor.
- Also consumer alienation, all the work put into product is invisible.
Hegemony. What is it? Who talked about this idea and in what article?
Dominant assumptions and beliefs. Base and Super Structure in Marxist Cultural Theory - Williams.
Base and Super Structure in Marxist Cultural Theory main idea
- Base and Super structure are fluid.
- Base isn't a fixed economic or technological abstraction and super structure should be a related range of social practices and not a reflection of the base or a dependent piece of content.
Alternative Culture, what article is this in?
- Not part of the dominant culture but it wants to be left alone. Amish.
- Base and Super structure in Marxist cultural theory - williams.
Older pieces of culture. Old culture.
not part of the dominant culture and also challneges the dominant culture. wants to change society. Black Panthers.
New meanings, new values, new aspects of culture. Internet, music, etc.
Fluid, shifting blend of culture. Productive force.
copying the dress, behaviors, ideas, and language of the colonizer in order to adapt and survive.
Third Person Consciousness. Where can you find this and what is it?
- The fact of blackness - Fanon
- Heightened self consciousness (feeling of looking at yourself)
- Looking at yourself through the eyes of another.
Triple person is his _______, ___________, and ________
- body, race, ancestors.
- Fact of blackness - Fanon