Medical Terminology 1

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waldel22
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291093
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Medical Terminology 1
Updated:
2014-12-09 14:14:17
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medical terms
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Final study
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  1. Elements of a medical term are the:
    individual parts of the word
  2. The medical language came mostly from which two roots?
    Latin and Greek
  3. The prefix is:
    the beginning of some words
  4. The core element of any term is its:
    root
  5. Which of the following elements is the root for the word dermatitis?
    dermat-
  6. Which of the following are the roots for the medical terms arthroscopy and respiratory?
    arthr- and respir-
  7. The word element card- is an example of a:
    root
  8. The suffix is:
    found at the end of the word
  9. In the term endocarditis, what is the root and what does the root mean?
    the root is card-, and it means heart.
  10. Which of the following are the roots for the words gynecologyarthroscopy, and hypogastric?
    gynec-, arthr-, and gastr-
  11. Which of the following statements is true of the root of a word?
    most medical terms have at least one.
  12. Which of the following statements is true about the root of the medical term?
    the root is the foundation or core of the medical term.
  13. Which of the following statements is NOT true of combining vowels?
    the most commonly used combining vowel is "u" followed by "i."
  14. The prefix is:
    the beginning of some words
  15. The word element -scopy is an example:
    of a suffix
  16. The word element -logy is an example:
    of a suffix
  17. Which suffix refers to a doctor with a specialty practice?
    -ist
  18. You will always need a ________ before a suffix that begins with a consonant.
    combining form
  19. In the term arthroplasty, what is the suffix and what does the suffix mean?
    the suffix is -plasty, and it means repair.
  20. Choose the correct suffix for the term that means a disease of an organ such as the heart.
    -pathy
  21. Choose the correct suffix for terms that refer to an infection or inflammation.
    -itis
  22. Choose the correct suffix for terms that refer to a visual examination of a body part such as a joint.
    -scopy
  23. Choose the term that means pertaining to the teeth.
    Dental
  24. You add a _____ onto the end of a word to modify the core of the root/combining form and give it a new meaning.
    suffix
  25. The term gastroscopy means:
    visual examination of the stomach
  26. -ology is an example of:
    the ending of some words
  27. A suffix that is added to a root or combining form that produces a medical term that describes a symptom or sign of a disease process is:
    pathological suffixes
  28. Which of the following terms is spelled correctly?
    Thoraces
  29. Which of the following terms is spelled correctly?
    Appendices
  30. Which of the following statements is true?
    Breaking a medical term down into basic elements or forms is called defining the term.
  31. The element "um" is what type of word element?
    suffix
  32. Some medical terms do not have any prefix, some do not contain any suffix and some contain neither a prefix nor a suffix.  Which of the following terms is composed of a root, a combining form and a suffix?
    Costovertebral
  33. Which of the following statements is true of the root of a word?
    -ic and -um are this type of element
  34. Which of the following statements is true about the root of the medical term?
    the root if the foundation or core of the medical term.
  35. Which of the following singular and plural forms are both correct?
    phalanx and phalanges
  36. Which of the following words means pertaining to the whole?
    Holistic
  37. Union of a sperm and an egg is known as:
    fertilization
  38. Which of the following words means an increase in size of a structure?
    Hypertrophy
  39. Elements of a medical term are the:
    individual parts of the word
  40. The plural form of the word for armpit is:
    axillae
  41. The singular form of the term that means a wall dividing two cavities as:
    septum
  42. The plural form of the word thorax is:
    thoraces
  43. The singular form of the word for body organ is:
    viscus
  44. Which word with a prefix, root, and suffix means to bring together into a harmonious function?
    Coordinate
  45. Histology refers to study of the structure and function of:
    tissues
  46. The brain, nerves, and sense organs are part of the _______ system.
    nervous
  47. Which of the following words means study of the cell?
    cytology
  48. Which of the following words, meaning part of a cell having specialized functions, is correctly spelled?
    organelle
  49. Which terms means a condition involving tghe nervous system?
    Parkinson disease
  50. The word for a crescent-shaped cartilaginous structure in the knee is _____, and its plural is _____.
    meniscus, menisci
  51. When cell becomes cellular, it functions as a(n):
    adjective
  52. Which word means pertaining to the physical and chemical processes occurring in cells?
    metabolic
  53. The powerhouse of the cells are the ___________.
    Mitochondria
  54. The word element that means condition is:
    -ism
  55. A group of specialized cells that manufacture unique materials around them is a(n):
    tissue
  56. Which word refers to a condition involving blood poisoning?
    Septicemia
  57. Gastroenterology is the study of:
    the digestive system
  58. Starting from the mouth, four parts of the alimentary canal, in order, are:
    Esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and large intestine.
  59. Food elements are transported by the body's cells via the:
    blood and lymphatics
  60. Which of the following words means treatment of obesity?
    Bariatric
  61. Which organ is NOT considered an organ of the alimentary canal?
    Pharynx
  62. The alimentary canal and accessory organs are a(n):
    cell
  63. The small and large intestines are part of the _____ system?
    digestive
  64. Which of the following words means pertaining to the digestive tract as a whole?
    Alimentary
  65. A synonym for swallowing is:
    Deglutition
  66. The Roux-en-Y procedure is used to treat:
    Obesity
  67. The correct term for removal of waste products is:
    Elimination
  68. A patient has Sjogren Syndrome, an autoimmune disease that affects the salivary glands, stopping production of saliva.  This leads to dry mouth, difficulty swallowing, and increased activity in the mouth, causing gingivitis.  Which of the following statements is not a complication:
    Dysphagia occurs
  69. Which of the following words end in a suffix meaning enzyme?
    Lipase
  70. Which word with a prefix, root, and suffix refers to a condition involving tissue around a tooth?
    Gingival
  71. Glossodynia
    It's seen in order women
  72. The heart has four sections known as:
    chambers
  73. The medical term for persistent high arterial blood pressure is:
    hypertension
  74. The suffix in the word myocardium means:
    structure
  75. Which of the following words means narrowing of a blood vessel?
    Vasoconstriction
  76. The word apex means
    tip or end
  77. The word for a wall dividing two cavities is a _____, and its plural form is _____.
    septum; septa
  78. record of the electrical signals of the heart is a(n):
    Electrocardiogram
  79. The area between the lungs that contains the heart, aorta, venae caae, esophagus, and trachea is known as the:
    mediastinum
  80. The blood vessels supplying the heart are known as the:
    coronary circulation
  81. Which of the following words means lack of blood supply to a tissue?
    ischemia
  82. Of the following words, which one means a pathologic death of tissue or cells?
    Necrosis
  83. Which of the following words has a prefix meaning inside?
    Endocardium
  84. A synonym for the mitral valve is the _____ valve.
    bicuspid
  85. Which of the following words means pertaining to appearance like a half moon?
    Semilunar
  86. The valves in the heart and blood vessels ensure that:
    blood flows in only one direction
  87. The word bradycardia means:
    slow heart rate
  88. The prefix in the word epicardium means:
    above, upon
  89. The plural form of the upper chamber of the heart is:
    atria
  90. The contraction of the heart muscle is called:
    systole
  91. An implanted device that regulates cardiac electrical activity is called a(n):
    pacemaker
  92. The word which means the falling or slipping of a body part from its normal position is:
    prolapse
  93. The root/combining form in the word stenosis means:
    narrow
  94. Chest pain brought on by exertion which subsides with rest or with a nitroglycerine tablet is:
    angina pectoris
  95. Which of the following words refers to a condition without oxygen:
    anoxia
  96. The root in the word sublingual means:
    tongue
  97. The human immunodeficiency virus invades a helper T(CD4) cell where it generates new DNA and can stay dormant in the cell for months or years.  The term dormant means that the virus is:
    inactive
  98. What does the root in the word incubation mean:
    hatch, sit on
  99. The type of cancer often seen in patients with AIDS is:
    Kaposi sarcoma
  100. What does the word lavage mean?
    Washing out a hallow cavity
  101. Which of the following is an abbreviation for an immunoglobulin?
    ig
  102. Which of the following terms has a root that means sleep?
    dormant
  103. What is the term for a virus with an RNA core?
    retrovirus
  104. Which of the following human body cells are the central coordinators for the immune response?
    T (CD4) cells
  105. HIV can be found in all of these body fluids EXCEPT:
    sweat, tears, saliva
  106. Which of the following is NOT a common way in which the human immunodeficiency virus can be transmitted?
    mosquito bite
  107. What is the term that means a reaction to tissue transplanted from another person?
    Alloimmune
  108. In the term autoimmune, what does the prefix means?
    Self, same
  109. In the term macrophage, what does the prefix refer to?
    large
  110. What is the term that describes an immediate, severe, allergic response?
    Anaphylaxis
  111. An exaggerated, abnormal reaction to an allergen is called a(n) ________ reaction.
    Hypersensitivity
  112. The medical record states that the patient has an immunodeficiency disorder.  This means that the patient:
    has a failure of a immune system
  113. The movement of gases into and out of the lungs is known as:
    ventilation
  114. The plural form of the medical term alveolus is:
    alveoli
  115. Pleurisy is best defined as:
    an inflammation of the lining of the lung
  116. A patient is diagnosed as having atelectasis.  The patient has:
    collapse of a part of a lung
  117. What does the suffix in the term bronchiole mean?
    small
  118. Which of the following statements best defines internal respiration?
    The process of drawing air into the lungs
  119. What is the plural form of the medical term pleura?
    Pleurae
  120. The suffix in the medical term bronchogenic means?
    Creation
  121. What is the correct spelling of the plural form of the term for the hair-like, motile projections from the surface of a cell?
    Cilia
  122. Name the combining form which means voice box?
    laryng/o
  123. The fibrotic lung disease caused by the inhalation of different dusts is called:
    pneumoconiosis
  124. Which of these following words comes from the Latin origin meaning to smell?
    olfaction
  125. What are the four components of the skeletal system?
    ligaments, tendons, bones and cartilage
  126. Which of the following statements is true regarding the functions of the skeletal system?
    the vertebral column protects the spinal cord
  127. In the word detoxification, identify the prefix and its meaning:
    the prefix is de-, and it means from, out of
  128. The term that means tissue consisting of contractile cells is:
    muscle
  129. Bone growth is affected by all of the following factors EXCEPT:
    hydration
  130. In the word epiphysis, what does the root mean:
    growth
  131. Which of the following words refers to the fatty, blood-forming tissue in the cavities of long bones?
    marrow
  132. Which of the following terms refers to one of two bony prominences near the head of the femur?
    Trochanter
  133. What is the plural form of the medical term that refers to any one of the bones of the spinal column?
    vertebrae
  134. In the term periosteum, identify the prefix and its meaning:
    the prefix is peri-, and the term means the membrane surrounding bone
  135. What is the name of the bone that articulates with the tibia to form the ankle joint?
    Talus
  136. Which of the following disorders refers to the condition in which there is overstretching or tearing of the dense sheet of fascia that supports the arch of the foot?
    Plantar fascitis
  137. Which of the following characteristics is used to determine how a bone is classified?
    shape
  138. Which of the following terms referring to the shaft of a long bone is spelled correctly?
    Diaphysis
  139. In the term osteomyelitis, what does the root refer to?
    Bone, bone marrow
  140. Which of the following diseases has the same pathologic effect on bones as rickets?
    Osteomalacia
  141. In the term endosteum, the prefix means:
    within
  142. Cells that produce the matrix of new bone tissue are called?
    osteoblasts

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