On September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh declared Vietnam’s independence from France. • He created the Vietminh League, a guerrilla army, to fight against the French. • The Vietminh received assistance from China and the Soviet Union. • For 8 years, the Vietminh fought the French without much success until 1954 when they defeated a French military camp at Dien Bien Phu. • After this Vietminh victory, the French finally decided to surrender control of the country to Ho Chi Minh.