Phlebotomy: 2nd Exam

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Author:
dianakim76
ID:
29118
Filename:
Phlebotomy: 2nd Exam
Updated:
2010-08-06 03:01:52
Tags:
Combining Form Suffix Prefix Human Body
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Description:
Medical Terminology, Anatomy
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  1. Aden/o
    Gland
  2. Arthr/o
    Joint
  3. Bi/o
    Life
  4. Carcin/o
    Cancer
  5. Cephal/o
    Head
  6. Cerrebr/o
    Cerebrum
  7. Cyst/o
    Urinary bladder
  8. Cyt/o
    Cell
  9. Demat/o or Dem/o
    Skin
  10. Electr/o
    Electricity
  11. Encephal/o
    Brain
  12. Enter/o
    Intestine
  13. Erythr/o
    Red
  14. Gastr/o
    Stomach
  15. Gnos/o
    Knowledge
  16. Gynec/o
    Women/Female
  17. Hemat/o or Hem/o
    Blood
  18. Hepat/o
    Liver
  19. Lapar/o
    Abdomen
  20. Leuk/o
    White
  21. Nephr/o
    Kidney
  22. Neur/o
    Nerve
  23. Onc/o
    Tumor
  24. Ophthalm/o
    Eye
  25. Oste/o
    Bone
  26. Path/o
    Disease
  27. Psych/o
    Mind
  28. Ren/o
    Kidney
  29. Rhin/o
    Nose
  30. Sarc/o
    Flesh
  31. Thromb/o
    Clotting
  32. -al
    pertaining to
  33. -algia
    Pain
  34. -cyte
    Cell
  35. -ectomy
    Cutting out, removal, excision
  36. -emia
    Blood condition
  37. -globin
    Protein
  38. -gram
    Record
  39. -ia
    Condition
  40. -ic
    Pertaining to
  41. -ism
    condition/process
  42. -itis
    Inflammation
  43. -logist
    Specialist in the
  44. -logy
    Study of
  45. -oma
    Tumor or mass
  46. -opsy
    To view
  47. -osis
    Abnormal condition
  48. -scope
    Instrument to visually examine
  49. -scopy
    Process of visually examining
  50. -sis
    State of
  51. -tomy
    Process of cutting into
  52. a-, an-
    No, not
  53. aut-
    Self
  54. dia-
    Complete, through
  55. dys-
    Bad, painful, difficult, abnormal
  56. endo-
    within
  57. exo-
    Outside
  58. hyper-
    Excessive, more than normal, too much
  59. hypo-
    Below, less than normal, under
  60. pro-
    Before
  61. re-
    Back
  62. retro-
    Behind
  63. sub-
    Below, under
  64. trans-
    across, through
  65. Anatomy
    the study if the structural components of the body
  66. Physiology
    the study of the functional components of the body
  67. Pathology
    the study of all aspects of disease and abnormal conditions of the body
  68. Front or anterior/ventral body plane:
    • *Thoracic cavity
    • *Abdominal cavity
    • *Pelvic cavity
  69. Back or posterior, or dorsal surface is divided into:
    • *Cranial cavity
    • *Spinal cavity
  70. Sagittal Plane:
    runs lengthwise from front to back dividing the body into a left and right half
  71. Frontal Plane:
    runs lengthwise from side to side dividing the body into anterior and posterior sections
  72. Transverse Plane:
    runs horizontally, dividing the body into upper and lower sections
  73. Medial refers to:
    towards the mid-line
  74. Lateral refers to:
    towards the sides of the body
  75. The human body can be divided into 8 structural levels:
    • *Head and neck
    • *Upper torso
    • *Lower torso
    • *Back
    • *Arms
    • *Legs
    • *Hands and feet
  76. Nucleus
    control mechanism that governs the function of the individual cell (growth, repair, reproduction, and metabolism) If nucleus is damaged, the cell will die. RBC's lose their nucleus when they mature
  77. Nucleolus
    aids in metabolism and reproduction
  78. Cytoplasm
    contains mostly water and fills up the rest of the cell membrane
  79. Mitochondria
    Produces energy for cells
  80. Ribosomes
    Assembles amino acids into proteins
  81. Endoplasmic reticulum
    transport channel between cell and nuclear membranes
  82. Lysosomes
    release digestive enzymes fir digestion of food particles
  83. Golgi apparatus
    stores protein
  84. Centriole
    Plays a role in cell division
  85. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
    a long molecule containing thousands of genes
  86. Homeostasis
    a condition in which the human body strives for a steady normal, healthy condition
  87. Metabolism
    the breaking down of chemical sustances to use energy
  88. Catabolism
    series of chemical reactions in the cell to change complex substances into simpler ones and releasing energy
  89. Anabolism
    process by which cells use energy to make complex compounds from simpler ones

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