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  1. What is the global location of Australia?
    Southeast of Asia between the South Indian and South Pacific oceans
  2. What is the size of the country?
    Australia is large about the size of USA's lower 48 (not including Alaska)
  3. What are the 5 physical conditions of Australia?
    • 1. Much of Australia is arid and desert-like 
    • 2. Much of the interior is covered by dry scrublands or grasslands
    • 3. Flattest of all continents- lowest elevation
    • 4. Oldest continent
    • 5. Driest of all continents- 10 inch rain per year
  4. What are the 4 major biological regions?
    • 1. The coastal area, narrows fertile region, especially along the east and the south west, "good" rainfall
    • 2. The Vast interior, covering more most of the continent, often called "The outback" 
    • 3. The Tropical North primarily central north and northeast, "good" rainfall
    • 4. The Great Dividing Range a mountain chain that seperates the narrow eastern coastal strip from the vast interior
  5. What does Flora mean?
    This refers to all the plants of a particular area, such as the flora of southern New England or the Flora of the Caribbean Islands
  6. What does Fauna mean?
    This refers to all the animals of a particular area, such as the fauna of southeast asia or the bird fauna of massachusettes
  7. Why are so many species are endemic?
    • Geographic isolation for about 65 million years
    • Many different ecological habitats for speciation to occur
  8. What is gondwanaland?
    an ocean southern super-continent (Africa, Antarctica, South America, and Australia) that split up some 130 million years ago
  9. What are the 3 examples of uniqueness among vertebrates?
    • 1. Freshwater fish
    • 2. Birds
    • 3. Mammals
  10. What are some examples of freshwater fish?
    the australian lungfish, african, australian, south America Lungfish
  11. What are some examples of birds?
    • The emu- large flightless bird, can run very fast, on national seal of Australia
    • The Brush-Turkey, malleefowl (monund builders)
    • Black swans
  12. What are some examples of mammals?
    • Koala- marsupial, feeds on leaves
    • Kangaroo and wallabies- planteaters 
    • Platypus- egg laying mammal
    • Fruitbats
  13. What are the 2 bird families with great diversity in Australia?
    • Parrots- Australia has about 50 species
    • Honeyeaters- birds which primarily gather nectar from flowers, as on eucalyptus trees
  14. What are the two mammal groups notable in Australia?
    • Egg laying mammals
    • Marsupials
  15. What are 2 examples of egg laying mammals?
    • 1. Duck-tailed platypus
    • 2. The echidna, the spiny anteater
  16. What are some examples of marsupials?
    • koalas
    • kangaroos
    • possums
    • wombats
  17. What is convergent evolution?
    Refers to the development of similar adaptations for local habitats in closely related groups of animals in widely seperated portions of the globe
  18. What are the 4 highly dangerous animal types on this continent?
    • 1. Snakes (serpents)
    • 2. Sharks (reef and Hammerhead)
    • 3. The sea wasp
    • 4. crocodile
  19. What are the two groups of plants?
    • 1. Eucalyptus 
    • 2. The proteast
  20. What are the features of the Eucalyptus family?
    Tallest hardwood trees in the world
  21. What are the features of the proteast?
    small trees or shrubs with large flower clusters
  22. What are the three premier biological preserves?
    • 1. Kakadu national park
    • 2. Great Barrier Reef
    • 3. Royal national Park
  23. What is the name given to native people in Oz before Europeans Arrived?
  24. What is outback?
    An aussie term for the "vast, dry, largely unpopulated inland area of Australia" also the countryside out beyond civilization
  25. What is endemic?
    A biological term meaning species or other groups of organisms found only in one particular are of the world
  26. What is down under?
    under the equate
Card Set:
2014-12-10 01:56:08
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