Music History Final

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Music History Final
2014-12-09 21:31:07
music history final
music history
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  1. Baroque period
    birth of instrumental music
  2. Orchestra instrumentation
    strings, oboe, basson, sometimes recorder or transverse flue. Sometimes horn or trumpet, and percussion
  3. Baroque means...
    flamboyant, ornate
  4. What made music baroque?
    using music and text to portray a feeling; clearly major and minor; obsessed with harmony
  5. What makes continuo?
    bassoon, cello, keyboard instrument
  6. How many moods are portrayed in each Baroque movement?
    one emotion. Rhythm is consistent and followed established patterns
  7. What is the group that wanted to create new vocal style based on Greek tragedy?
    Florentine Comerada
  8. What did Monteverdi do other than opera?
    bridged the gap between the old and new styles
  9. Where was the first public opera house opened?
    in Venice
  10. What were Purcell's most popular works?
    Dido and Anneas
  11. What was Purcell's style in opera?
    used ground bass, a pattern repeated in the bass throughout the entire piece
  12. What is a Da Capo aria?
    ABA form. Had instrumental material between A and B. A is ornamented second time.
  13. What is a general term for keyboard instruments?
  14. What is empfindsam?
    constantly changing moods and expression the music
  15. What makes an Italian overture?
    Fast, slow, dance
  16. What is a sinfonia?
    An instrumental break within the opera
  17. Where did Vivaldi mainly teach?
  18. How many movements did German concertos have? What about non-German?
    4; 3
  19. What is a fugue?
    A polyphonic work based on one or more subjects.
  20. What did Back write?
    Everything except opera
  21. What did Fux write?
    a book on how to write effective counterpoint
  22. What were the schools of opera?
    • Florentine: tried to revive the art of Greek tragedy
    • Roman: used choruses extensively and used comic relief within opera
    • Venetian: followed the Roman school but focused on short, singable melodies
  23. What did Gluck do?
    • first to put themes in overture to set up the opera
    • revolutionized opera by getting rid of virtuosity and back to form
  24. What is ballade opera?
    • A comic opera that mocks a serious opera
    • Opera Buffa to Italians
    • Opera Commede to French
  25. What is an oratorio?
    operas but no set, no costumes, has voices and instruments
  26. What is oratorio vulgare?
    • a secular text but still quasi religious
    • Handel's oratorios are the most important
  27. What are cantatas?
    Sacred, small numbers and few instruments. German
  28. What describes the classical period?
    back to Greek symmetry and antiquity. Simpler, graceful styles
  29. What is the Rococo?
    the sub period in between Baroque and Classical
  30. What did piano do?
    led to larger dynamic contrast
  31. What did CPE Bach do?
    wrote mainly instrumental music
  32. What did JC Bach do?
    "London Bach" wrote mainly piano concertos
  33. Who were the most important somposers of the classical period?
    Haydn, Mozart, and early Beethoven
  34. What is the form for minuet and trio?
    l:a:l l:ba':l l:c:l l:dc':l
  35. Who was Haydn's patronage?
  36. What did Mozart do?
    perfected every type of pre-existing work
  37. What does the Requiem Mass add?
    Requiem Aeternam and Dies Irae
  38. What is a divertimento and/or serenade?
    • divertimento: quieter indoor music for chamber music
    • seranade: the same but outside and bigger
  39. Who was Gluck?
    the great reformer of opera. Represented the spirit of the Classical period. Improved libretto using dramatic truth with real stories. The recitatives and orchestra more important. His overtures are the first to reflect the mood of the opera.
  40. What is sonata-allegro form?
    (introduction) Exposition, development, recapitulation, (coda)
  41. What is stramen dram?
    used to identify shifts in mood in classical movements
  42. What types of works are sacred?
    Mass and cantata
  43. When are costumes used?
  44. When is scenery used?
  45. Which works are in church?
    Canata and mass
  46. What works did JS Bach write?
    Mass, cantata, oratorio
  47. What works did Mozart write?
    mass, opera, oratorio, cantata, symphony
  48. What works did Haydn write?
    Mass, opera, oratorio, cantata, symphony
  49. What works did Handel write?
    opera, mass, oratorio, cantata
  50. What works did Palestrina write?
  51. What are Mozart's operas?
    Don Giovanni, Magic Flute, Cozi fan Tutte, Abduction from Seraglio, Marriage of Figaro
  52. What is Haydn's main oratorio?