Intro to Psyc

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
291218
Filename:
Intro to Psyc
Updated:
2014-12-10 05:56:19
Tags:
Psyc
Folders:
Psyc 101
Description:
Psyc review
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  1. What is psychology
    The scientific study of behavior and mental processes 

    • science
    • behavior
    • mental processess
  2. Critical Thinking
    Process of objectively 

    • evaluating 
    • comparing 
    • analyzing
    • synthesising
  3. Pseudopsychologies
    • psychics
    • Medium 
    • Palmists
    • Astrologers
  4. Four Goals of Psychology
    • 1. Describe - what you see 
    • 2. Explain - why it occurs
    • 3. Predict - when will it occur
    • 4. Change - behavior
  5. Biopsychosocial Model
    • Views:
    • biological processes
    • psychological factors 
    • social forces

    as interrelated influences that interact with the 7 major perspectives
  6. Biopsychosocial Model 7 Perspectives
    • Psychodynamic 
    • Behavior
    • Humanistic
    • Cognitive 
    • Biological
    • Evolutionary 
    • Sociocultural
  7. Types of Research
    • Basic - to advance knowledge
    • Applied - to solve practical problems (change)
  8. 6 steps of Scientific Method Cycle
    • 1. Q and Lit review
    • -peer review journals
    • 2. Testable hypothesis 
    • 3. Research Design
    • 4. Collect Data to Analyze
    • 5. Publish to Peer Review 
    • -to professional from professional
    • 6. Theory Development
  9. Hypothesis
    • Specific, testable prediction
    • Very specific subjects
  10. Operational Definition
    Precise description of how variables of study will be observed and measured
  11. Statistical Significance
    How likely it is that a study result occurred merely by chance 

    p = .05 -.01
  12. 3 Areas of Ethical Concern
    • 1. Respecting of the Rights of human participants
    • 2. Respecting of the Rights of non-human animal participants
    • 3. Respecting of the Rights of Psychotherapy patients
  13. 4 Major Research Methods
    • 1. Experimental :
    • -cause and effect
    • -Independent=manipulated, controlled
    • -dependent = measured

    • 2. Descriptive
    • -a group, nonhuman
    • -gorillas by Dian Fosse

    • 3. Correlation
    • -if a and b are related 
    • -0: no correlation
    • - +/- 1 = positive/negative correlation
  14. Experimental Methods Potential Research Problems
    • 1. Experimenter Bias
    • -influence of researcher
    • 2. Single-Blind Study
    • -only researcher knows
    • 3. Double-Blind Study
    • -No one knows
    • 4. Ethnocentrism
    • -culturally centered
    • 5. Placebo 
    • -inactive substance
    • 6. Sample Bias 
    • -Inadequate representation of population
    • 7. Random Assignment
    • -Chance
    • 8. Participation Bias 
    • -Conditions influence participants behavior
  15. Descriptive Research
    • 1. Naturalistic Observation 
    • -observe and record behavior and mental pro

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