HM Book Chpt 18.txt

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puromike
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HM Book Chpt 18.txt
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2014-12-10 06:39:59
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HM Pharmacy chp18
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  1. Pharmacology is a basic medical science that deals with the study of which specialty?
    Drugs
  2. The branch of pharmacology that deals with the preparation, dispensing, and proper use of medications is?
    Pharmacy
  3. The actual title of the “blue bible” of pharmacology is?
    Remington’s The science and Practice of Pharmacy
  4. The amount of medication administered is referred to as which of the following?
    Dose
  5. The minimum and maximum amount of a drug required to produce the desired effect is referred to by what term?
    Dosage range
  6. What dose refers to the least amount of a drug that can cause death?
    Minimum lethal
  7. The most common factor influencing the amount of drug given to a patient is?
    Age
  8. What two primary factors, if any, determine a dose?
    Age and weight
  9. What is the proper dose in milliliters of ampicillin for an 8-year old child if the adult dose is 15 ml?
    6
  10. What is the name of the rule used to determine appropriate dosage of medication based on a child’s weight?
    Clark’s Rule
  11. Determine the appropriate dose in milligrams of medication for a child weighing 30 pounds if the average dose for an adult is 600 mg?
    120
  12. In computing the amount of drug to be given to an underweight female, what adjustments to the normal dosage would ordinarily be made?
    Decrease of dosage because of her sex and further decrease because of her weight
  13. The most common method of administering medications is ________.
    Orally
  14. What term is used to define a medication that is placed under the tongue?
    Sublingual
  15. Which of the following is an example of a drug injected intradermally?
    Purified protein derivative
  16. What technique introduces a drug directly into a vein?
    Intravenous
  17. In what form are medications introduced into the body through inhalation?
    Gas
  18. Normally, how many names do medications have?
    Three
  19. Which of the following is NOT a way in which drugs are grouped? By chemical, Brand Name, Source or action?
    By their source
  20. Aluminum acetate, an astringent, is often used to treat what conditions?
    Athlete’s foot , External otitis , Poison ivy
  21. Which of the following is a bronchomutropic agent? Petrolatum, Guaifenesin, Benzoate , Phenol
    Guaifenesin
  22. Which of the following is a characteristic side effect of antihistamines? Nausea, Drowsiness, Uricaria or tinnitus
    Drowsiness
  23. In conjunction with antacids, which of the following is used to treat duodenal ulcers?
    Ranitidine
  24. The drug group most often used to treat dyspepsia is?
    Antacids
  25. In addition to being an antacid, magnesium hydroxide may be used as a/an?
    Laxative
  26. The standard by which all other antiseptics are measured is?
    Phenol
  27. The primary pharmacological action of sulfonamides is?
    Bacteriostatic
  28. The most common use for systemic sulfonamides is in the treatment of which of the conditions listed below?
    Urinary tract infections
  29. Silver sulfadiazine is used almost exclusively in the treatment of?
    Burns
  30. The drug of choice for uncomplicated group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis is?
    Penicillin V Potassium
  31. Patients sensitive to penicillin may also exhibit sensitivity to cephalosporins.
    True
  32. Milk or milk products may interfere with the absorption of which of the following drugs?
    Tetracycline hydrochloride
  33. Macrolides are effective against which of the following organisms?
    Gram-positive cocci
  34. Supplemental potassium may be required with which of the following categories of drugs?
    Diuretics
  35. The drug of choice for the treatment and management of grand mal seizures is?
    Phenytoin sodium
  36. Prochlorperizine is used mainly to?
    Treat symptoms of nausea and vomiting
  37. Muscle relaxants include all of the following EXCEPT?
    Diazepam
  38. Water-soluble vitamins are not excreted in the urine and are stored in the body in moderate amounts.
    False
  39. The vitamin deficiency associated with night blindness is?
    Vitamin A
  40. The agent used to treat pernicious anemia is?
    Cyanocobalamin B 12
  41. Which of the following is the vitamin involved in absorption and use of calcium and phosphorus?
    Vitamin D
  42. The correct abbreviations for the metric systems of primary units of measure for weight, volume, and linear dimensions are?
    g, l, m
  43. Which of the following is equal to one one-hundredth of a liter?
    Centiliter
  44. A prescription requires two ounces of a substance supplied in liters. How many milliliters are required to fill the prescription?
    60 ml
  45. You have 360 grams of a compound. If 54 grams of the compound is silver nitrate, what is the percentage strength of silver nitrate?
    15%
  46. What drug incompatibility occurs when agents antagonistic to one another are prescribed together?
    Therapeutic
  47. Eutexia is an example of what type of drug incompatibility manifestation?
    Physical
  48. A properly administered drug dosage that has an unintended or harmful effect on the patient is the definition of which of the following terms?
    Adverse reaction
  49. What chapter of The Manual of the Medical Department gives guidance on pharmacy operations and drug control?
    21
  50. What DD form is used to prescribe controlled and noncontrolled medications?
    1289
  51. In the prescription block of DD Form 1289, what part lists the name and quantity of the ingredient prescribed?
    Inscription
  52. If, in the course of filling a prescription, the HM feels that there may be a discrepancy or incompatibility, the HM should take which of the following actions?
    Consult the prescriber to verify the prescription before filling
  53. What types of prescription medications have the potential for abuse?
    Noncontrolled , Controlled, Schedule VI All of the above
  54. Which of the following is a Schedule III medication?
    Amphetamines
  55. What schedule of medications can never be ordered with refills?
    II
  56. How many board members are on the Controlled Substance Inventory Board?
    Three
  57. Controlled substances must be inventoried at least?
    Quarterly
  58. Undeclyenic acid is used as a/an?
    Antifungal

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