Secular/Mundane Views of Human Nature

Card Set Information

Author:
Anonymous
ID:
291322
Filename:
Secular/Mundane Views of Human Nature
Updated:
2014-12-11 13:42:41
Tags:
secular views human nature
Folders:
Philosphy
Description:
Quiz #2
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Anonymous on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. He believed that the mind and body are distinct substances
    Descartes
  2. It is the belief that mind and body are distinct substances
    Dualism
  3. 2 particular substances (of man)
    • Res cogitans
    • res extensa
  4. it is also known as the thinking thing
    Res cogitans
  5. it is also knows as the extended matter
    res extensa
  6. it covers the entire range of thinking and perception
    res cogitans or thinking thing
  7. it covers the entire spatial expanse and all the objects within it
    res extensa or extended matter
  8. it is in itself conclusive and hence serves the foundation of the subject
    I Think Therefore I Am (Cogito Ergo Sum)
  9. he created dialectical materialism
    Marx
  10. It is an adaptation of the dialectical process using it to explain all historical change as the result of material forces
    dialectical materialism
  11. Man's society becomes his ___
    formator
  12. it is not given but it is something made
    human nature
  13. it concentrates capital on the hands of fewer and larger firms
    industrialisation
  14. he was the inventor of psychoanalysis
    Freud
  15. 3 impulses of psyche that conflict
    • primitive, instinctual id
    • the more rational ego
    • the superego
  16. it develops from about age two
    ego
  17. it is concerned with morality and other people
    superego
  18. he revolutionized biology
    darwin
  19. he revolutionized ideas about mankind's place in creation
    Darwin
  20. in this principle, he contends that only hose that are fit to survive can survive
    Natural selection
  21. he christianized evolution
    teilhard de chardin
  22. teilhard de chardin said that ___ is the starting point and terminal point of evolution
    Christ
  23. For him, evolution is the ascension to consciousness
    Teilhard de chardin
  24. it is the supreme reality-- infinite, impersonal, uncreated and unameable
    Brahman
  25. it is the divine spark buried beneath the layers of egotism at the core of every human
    Atman
  26. life, death, rebirth
    samsara
  27. spiritual liberation
    moshka
  28. paths or ___
    yogas
  29. they are the laws of action. Every action has its effect, good or bad in this life or the next
    Karma
  30. each person has an eternal soul that can be reborn millions of times and in millions of forms
    reincarnation
  31. 2 other names for Buddha
    • Enlighted One
    • Gautama
  32. These are the basis of buddhism
    Four Noble Truths (the MIddle way)
  33. all existence is suffering
    dukkha
  34. the cause of suffering is craving or wrong desire
    tanha
  35. best way to enlightenment
    Noble Eightfold Path
  36. Noble Eightfold path
    • right views
    • right intentions
    • right speech
    • right conduct
    • right livelihood
    • right effort
    • right mindfulness
    • right contemplation
  37. means "no soul"
    anatta
  38. Buddhists seek ___
    nirvana
  39. it is the escape from the cycle of death and rebirth by snuffing out of individual existence and its desires and weaknesses
    nirvana
  40. five principles of life of buddhists
    • do not kill
    • do not still
    • do not lie
    • be chaste
    • do not take intoxicants
  41. it deals primarily with the position of an individual within a society
    confucianism
  42. the key principles in Confucius' teachings
    • the principles of Li
    • Jen
    • Chun-Tzu
  43. it is often translated as propriety, reverence, courtesy, ritual, conduct
    Li
  44. Confucius believed it to be the ideal standard of religious, moral and social ocnduct
    Li
  45. it is the fundamental virtue of confucian thinking
    Principle of Jen
  46. it is the virtue of goodness, benevolence, recognition of value and concern for others no matter the rank
    Jen
  47. ___ provides the structure for social interaction. ___ makes it a moral system
    • Li
    • Jen
  48. true gentleman, superior man, lives in moral rectitude and with the highest ethical standards
    Chun-Tzu
  49. five virtues of a gentleman
    • self respect
    • generosity
    • sincerity
    • persistence
    • benevolence
  50. it was essentially a philosophical system rather than a religion
    taoism
  51. in chinese, it means 'path'
    Tao
  52. it is the identifiable basis for all existence
    Tao
  53. it penetrates everything, unifies all contradictions and generates yin and yang
    Taoism
  54. it is the first pair of complementary contrasts
    yin and yang
  55. it means passivity or to do nothing ( non interference with the natural course of events)
    Wu-wie we
  56. it means submission to the will of God/Allah
    Islam
  57. What are the five pillars in islam?
    • declaration of faith
    • praying five times a day
    • giving money to charity
    • fasting and pilgrimage to Mecca
    • religious trip to Mecca

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview