an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state.
an absolute monarchy is a government in which the monarch has absolute power among his or her people
a European intellectual movement of the late 17th and 18th centuries emphasizing reason and individualism rather than tradition
A republic is a form of government in which power resides in the people, and the government is ruled by elected leaders run according to law
the judeo-christians heavily influenced the western democracy based off of their religion
Constitutional monarchy is a form of government in which a monarch is legally restricted within the boundaries of aconstitution
english Bill of Rights
Ensure certain freedoms to people
It was issued by the nobles to the King John in the 1600's. It forced the king to agree that he did not have complete authority and had to obey all laws enforced by the government.
he wanted divided power like today's parliament
known for saying man is born free but everyone is changed, also wanted equal rights for all
he believed in monarchy, also believed in having natural rights; life, liberty, and property
mainly argued for religious toleration and freedom of thought.believed that concept of an enlightened monarch would protect peoples rights. he didnt want to oppress his subjects though.famous for his wit
policy or attitude of letting things take their own course, without interfering.
believed in laissez-faire policy or attitude of letting things take their own course, without interfering
wanted equal rights for women and education
believed people needed a strong leader because they were to greedy and selfish also wanted a monarchy
wrote the republic which describes his perfect society; people were lead be philosopher kings
wrote about the human body
was a court which was instituted in Paris by the Convention during the French Revolution for the trial of political offenders, and eventually became one of the most powerful engines of the Reign of Terror.
he was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the latter stages of the French Revolution As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from
Coup d'état is the sudden and illegal seizure of a government
Napoleon set up the Consulate, where he became the first Consul
continental system was the foreign policy of Napoleon I of France in his struggle against Great Britain during the Napoleonic Wars.
concordat an agreement or treaty, especially one between the Vatican and a secular government relating to matters of mutual interest.
The Napoleonic Wars
The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of wars between Napoleon's French Empire and a series of opposing coalitions
the Directory was One of the first things that Napoleon did for France was overthrow it
battle of waterloo
A French army under the command of Napoleon was defeated by the armies of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands
the island of Elba
Napoleon exile to the island of Elba so the king of France was restored. In 1815, he escaped and returned to power
the island of Saint Helena
He spent the last 6 years of his life in confinement by the British on the remote island of Saint Helena
The Congress of Vienna
The Congress of Vienna was a conference of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Metternich, and held in Vienna