soc 100 ch 18

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purdueaaron
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29134
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soc 100 ch 18
Updated:
2010-08-06 08:48:17
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religion
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religion
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  1. Durkheim's term for things set apart or forbidden, that inspire fear, awe, reverence, or deep respect
    sacred
  2. Durkheim's term for common elements of everyday life
    profane
  3. according to Durkheim, beliefs and practices that sperate the profance from the sacred and unite its adherents into a moral community
    religion
  4. according to Durkheim, one of the three essential elements of religion - a moral community of believers; also refers to a type of religious organization, to a large, highly organized group with formal, sedate worship services and little emphasis on personal conversation
    church
  5. questions about ultimate meaning, emotional comfort, social solidarity, guidelines for everday life, adaption, support for the Government, social change
    functions of religion
  6. ceremonies or repetitive practices; in this context, religious observances or rites, often intended to evoke a sense of awe of the sacred
    rituals
  7. teachings or ideas that provide a unified picture of the world
    cosmology
  8. a sudden awareness of the supernatural or a feelings of coming in contact with God
    religious experience
  9. a term describing Christians who have undergone a life-transforming religious experience so radical that they feel they have become new persons
    born again
  10. the transformation of traditional societies into individual societies
    modernization
  11. Weber's term for the desire to acuulmulate capital as a duty - not to spend the money, but as an end in tself - and to constantly reinvest it
    spirit of capitalism
  12. Weber's term to descrive the ideal of a self-denying, highly moral life accompanied by hard work and frugality
    Protestant ethic
  13. the belief that there is only one God
    monotheism
  14. the belief that there are many gods
    polytheism
  15. the belief that all objects in the world have spirits, some of which are dangerous and must be outwitted
    animism
  16. prejudice, discrimination, and persecution directed against Jews
    anti-Semitism
  17. the belief that true religion is threatened by social change and that the faith as it was originally practiced should be restored
    fundamentalism
  18. in Hinduism and Buddhism, the return of the soul (or itself) after death in a different form
    reincarnation
  19. a new religion with few followers, whose teachings and practices put it at oddes with the dominant culture and religion
    cult
  20. literally, someone to whom God has given a gift; more commonly, someone who exerts extraordinary appeal to a group of followers
    charismatic leader
  21. literally, an extraordinary gift from God; more commonly, an outstanding or "magnetic" personality that draws people to the individual
    charisma
  22. a religious group larger than a cult that still feels substantial hostility from and toward society
    sect
  23. an attempt to win converts
    evangelism
  24. a religious group so integrated into the dominant culture that it is difficult to tell where the one begins and the other leaves off; also called a state religion
    ecclesia
  25. a "brand name" within a major religion, for example, Methodist ro Baptist
    denomination
  26. belonging to the world and its affairs
    secular
  27. the replacement of a religion's spiritual or "other worldly" concerns with concerns about "this world"
    secularization of religion
  28. the process by which a culture becomes less influenced by religion
    secularization of culture

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