N420 Renal & Oncology

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MeganM
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291370
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N420 Renal & Oncology
Updated:
2014-12-12 14:03:19
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N420
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N420 Renal
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  1. Normal UOP for adults.
    (HESI p.74)
    1500-2000 mL per day
  2. Flank pain usually means the stone is where?
    (HESI p. 78)
    in the kidney or upper ureter
  3. If pain radiates to abdomen or scrotum, where is the stone likely to be?
    (HESI p. 78)
    in the ureter or bladder
  4. Meds such as _____ can increase risk for renal calculi in some pts. 
    (Reviews & Rationales, p. 382)
    diuretics
  5. Foods high in oxalate.
    (Reviews & Rationales p. 232)
    • asparagus, beets
    • celery, cabbage, fruits, tomatoes, grn beans
    • chocolate, beer, colas, tea
    • nuts
  6. Alkaline-ash foods.
    (Reviews & Rationales p. 232)
    • legumes
    • milk
    • green veggies, rhubarb
    • fruits EXCEPT cranberries,plums,grapes, prunes
  7. Acid-ash foods.
    (Reviews & Rationales p. 232)
    • Cranberries, grapes, plums, prunes
    • tomatoes, whole grains
    • eggs & cheese, meat & poultry
  8. Diet for ARF.
    (Reviews & Rationales p.248)
    • moderate protein restriction
    • high carbs
    • restrict K+
    • limit Na+
  9. Infections associated with cancer.
    (Reviews & Rationales p. 460)
    • Epstein-Barr
    • genital herpes
    • HPV
    • hep-B
    • human cytomegalovirus
  10. Cancers associated with tobacco use.
    (Reviews & Rationales p. 460)
    • lung
    • esophageal, laryngeal, oropharyngeal
    • gastric
    • pancreatic
  11. Long-term exposure to secondhand smoke increases the risk for what cancers?
    (Reviews & Rationales p. 461)
    Lung & bladder
  12. Women ages 20-39 should have a breast exam by HCP how often?
    (Reviews & Rationales p. 461)
    q 3 yrs
  13. Colonoscopy w/ barium enema should be done how often?
    (Reviews & Rationales p. 461)
    q 10 yrs
  14. For pts undergoing INTERNAL radiation, limit contact time to ______ total per _____; minimum distance of ______ when possible.
    (Reviews & Rationales p. 466)
    • 30 minutes
    • 8-hr shift
    • 6 feet
  15. Instructions for visitors of pts undergoing INTERNAL radiation.
    (Reviews & Rationales p. 466)
    • maintain at least 6 feet distance from pt
    • limit visits 10-30 min
    • no pregnant visitors
  16. Early symptoms of spinal cord compression (oncological emergency).
    (Reviews & Rationales p. 477)
    • low back & leg pain
    • cold, numb, tingling, paresthesias
    • leads to bowl & bladder dysfxn, weakness & paralysis
    • TREAT: reduce tumor size (radiation &/or surgery)
  17. Early signs & symptoms of SVC syndrome (oncological emergency).
    (Reviews & Rationales p. 477)
    • periorbital & facial edema
    • (edema progresses to neck, arms, hands; dysphagia, SOB)
  18. Late symptoms of spinal cord compression (oncological emergency).(Reviews & Rationales p. 477)
    • cyanosis
    • altered mental status
    • H/A
    • hypotension
    • TREAT: high-dose radiation to shrink tumor

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