N 106-109

Card Set Information

Author:
ndarlenebeck
ID:
291376
Filename:
N 106-109
Updated:
2014-12-12 16:39:43
Tags:
Sensory
Folders:
Nursing
Description:
Sensory
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user ndarlenebeck on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Group of eye medications contraindicated in persons with sulfa allergies is
    A) Mydriatics
    B) Cycloplegics
    C) Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
    D) Osmotics
    C) Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Increased ocular pressure is indicated by a reading of
    A) 23-30
    B) 11-20
    C) 6-10
    D) 0-5
    A) 23-30
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The outer layer of the eye consistes of
    A) Cornea
    B) Both a and b
    C) Sclera
    d) None of the above
    B) Both a and b
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. The middle layer of the eye contains
    a) Iris
    b) Choroid
    c) Ciliary body
    d) All of the above
    d) all of the above
  5. The structure that regulates the amount of light that enters the eye is called the
    A) Iris
    B) Pupil
    C) Cones
    D) Lens
    A) Iris
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Patient complain of unable to read road signs at a distance MD knows to check for
    A) Myopia
    B) Presbyopia
    C) Astigmatism
    d) All of the above
    A) Myopia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. The retina contains 2 types of photoreceptor cells - rods and cones.  Which functions in night vision?
    A) Cones
    B) Both
    C) Rods
    D) Neither
    C) Rods
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Most common neoplasm of the eyelids is
    A) Xanthelasmas
    B) Basal cell carcinoma
    C) Squamous cell carcinoma
    D) A chalazion
    B) Basal cell carcinoma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. when assisting acute glaucoma, you expect to find a
    A) Clear cornea
    B) Marked blurring of vision
    C) Constricted pupil
    D) Watery ocular discharge
    B) Marked blurring of vision
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Which - rods or cones - function in bright light and color vision?
    A) Cones
    B) Rods
    C) Both
    D) Neither
    A) Cones
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Legal blindness refers to visual acuity that is
    A) 20/50 or worse
    B) 20/150 or better
    C) 20/100 or better
    D) 20/200 or worse
    D) 20/200 or worse
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. The photoreceptor cells responsible for visual acuity are the
    A) Both
    B) Cones
    C) Rods
    D) Neither
    B) Cones
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The posterior cavity of the eye contains a jelly-like substance called
    A) Aqueous humor
    B) Vitreous humor
    C) Conjunctive
    d) All of the above
    B) Vitreous humor
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The anterior cavity of the eye contains a jelly-like substance called
    A) Vitreous humor
    B) Conjunctiva
    C) Aqueous humor
    d) All of the above
    C) Aqueous humor
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. The 3 bones of the middle ear that form the auditory ossicles are the
    A) Malleus, Incus, Sclera
    B) Malleus, Incus, Stapes
    C) Malleus, Stapes, Fovea
    D) Malleus, Stapes, Eustachian
    B) Malleus, Incus, Stapes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The lens of the eye functions to focus light rays for
    A) Peripheral vision
    B) Far vision only
    C) Day and night vision
    D) Near and far vision
    D) Near and far vision
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The properties of the lens that are necessary for optimal function are
    A) Elasticity and Transparency
    B) Elasticity and adaptability
    C) Permeability and adaptability
    D) Transparency and permeability
    A) Elasticity and Transparency
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. The function of the ossicles is to
    A) Receive signals from the temperal nerve
    B) Conduct air to the inner ear
    C) Conduct sound to the inner ear
    d) None of the above
    C) Conduct sound to the inner ear
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Side effects with use of carbonic anhydrase inhibitors include
    A) Nausea
    B) Increased blood pressure
    C) Renal calculi
    D) Urinary retention
    C) Renal calculi
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Patient is taking a prostaglandin analogue - you assess for what most common adverse reaction?
    A) Ocular hyperemia
    B) Conjunctivitis
    C) Light intolerance
    D) Blurred vision
    A) Ocular hyperemia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Acute conjunctivitis is associated with
    A) Elevated intraocular pressure
    B) Moderate to copious ocular discharge
    C) Blurred vision
    D) Severe pain
    B) Moderate to copious ocular discharge
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. A medication to dilate the eyes is in this group
    A) Cycloplegics
    B) Mydriatics
    C) Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
    D) Osmotics
    B) Mydiatics
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Topical anesthetics are used during an eye exam and prior to removal of:
    A) Contact lenses
    B) The eyelid
    C) Cataracts
    D) A foreign body in the eye
    D) a foreign body in the eye
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. A diagnostic clinical manifestation of glaucoma is
    A) Presence of halos around lights
    B) Diminished acuity
    C) Significant loss of central vision
    D) Pain associated with purulent discharge
    A) Presence of halos around lights
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Mannitol is contraindicated for patients with
    a) Anuria
    b) Dehydration
    c) Both of the above
    d) None of the above
    c) both of the above
  26. Drug group used to paralyze the muscles of accommodation is
    A) Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
    B) Cycloplegics
    C) Mydriatics
    D) Osmotics
    B) Cycloplegics
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Vision becomes less efficient with age as aging is associated with
    a) A decrease in pupil size
    b) Slowing of accommodation
    c) An increase in lens opaqueness
    d) All of the above
    d) All of the above
  28. BufOpto atropine if frequently used for refraction in
    A) NeoNates
    B) Complete blindness
    C) Elderly
    D) Children
    D) Children
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. The middle ear is connected to the nasopharynx by the
    A) Fovea centralis
    B) Sinuses
    C) Tympanic membrane
    D) Eustachian tube
    D) Eustachian tube
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. The ___ separates the outer and middle ear
    A) Eustachian tube
    B) Tympanic membrane
    C) Ossicles
    D) Malleus
    B) Tympanic membrane
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. The inner ear contains structures for the functions of
    a) Hearing
    b) Equilibrium
    c) Balance
    d) All of the above
    d) All of the above
  32. The volume of vitreous humor is reduced by this group of drugs
    A) Osmotics
    B) Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
    C) Cycloplegics
    D) Mydriatics
    A) Osmotics
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Miotics are used to lower
    A) Extraocular pressure
    B) Sinus pressure
    C) Intraocular pressure
    D) Cerebra pressure
    C) Intraocular pressure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors were developed as diuretics and are effective in treating
    A) Light intolerance
    B) Migraine headaches
    C) Cataracts
    D) Open angle glaucoma
    D) Open angle glaucoma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Osmotic drugs are used to ___ the amount of aqueous humor
    A) Decrease
    B) Increase
    C) Thin
    d) None of the above
    A) Decrease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Chemical burns of the eye are treated with
    A) Local anesthetics and antibacterial drops for 24-36 hours
    B) Cleansing of the conjunctive with cotton-tipped applicator
    C) Flushing of lids, conjunctive and cornea
    D) Hot compresses applied q 15 minutes
    C) Flushing of lid, conjunctiva and cornea
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. The procedure that is used to test for glaucoma involves
    A) application of a tonometer to the cornea of the eye
    B) ophthalmoscopic examination of the posterior chamber
    C) reading a Snellen chart at 20 feet
    D) shining light into the pupil to determine its reaction
    A) application of a tonometer to the cornea of the eye
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. To access a patients pupillary response to accommodation, the nurse
    A) asks the patient to focus on an object at 2 to 3 feet and then to focus on the object at 6 to 8 inches
    B) covers one eye for 1 minute and notes the pupil reaction when the cover is removed
    C) shines a light into the patient's eye and watches the pupil response in the opposite eye
    D) touches the cornea with a small piece of sterile cotton and observes for a change in pupil size
    A) asks the patient to focus on an object at 2 to 3 feet and then to focus on the object at 6 to 8 inches
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Instuct patients with glaucoma to avoid atropine-like drugs because they
    A) Cause dryness
    B) Increase ocular pressure
    C) Decrease ocular pressure
    d) None of the above
    B) Increase ocular pressure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. During assessment of a patient's eyes, you note that the pupil on the Right eye is irregular and appears to protrude into the iris.  You question the patient about a history of
    A) corticosteroid use
    B) glaucoma surgery
    C) Pinguecula
    D) eye trauma
    B) glaucoma surgery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. An abnormal finding of the auditory canal during an exam with an otoscope would be
    A) the presence of cerumen
    B) the presence of a cone of light
    C) a translucent , shiny tympanum
    D) a blue tympanum
    D) a blue tympanum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. Mydriatics and ___ are used in combination to dilate the patient's pupil
    A) Anit-infectives
    B) Cyclopedics
    C) Corticosteroids
    D) NSAIDs
    B) Cyclopedics
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. Your patient is blind and asks for assistance to the toilet. To assist the patient, the nurse should
    A) give the patient exact descriptive directions to the bathroom so that she can walk there independently
    B) take the patient by the arm and lead her slowly to the bathroom
    C) lead the patient to the bathroom by the hand, describing the location and providing verbal clues.
    D) walk slightly ahead of the patient and allow the patient to hold the nurse's elbow
    D) walk slightly ahead of the patient and allow the patient to hold the nurse's elbow
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. Patient is seen for recurrent hordeolum.  To help prevent further infection, you advise her to
    A) be evaluated for the presence of sexually transmitted disease
    B) avoid wearing contact lenses as much as possible
    C) use an antiseborrheic shampoo on the scalp and eyebrows
    D) discard all opened or used eye cosmetics
    D) discard all open or used eye cosmetics
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. To evaluate whether the patient understands the postoperative outpatient  cataract regimen, you ask the patient
    A) to rate his pain 1 - 10
    B) how well he can see with the operative eye
    C) who will be caring for him at home while he is on bed rest the first 24 hours
    D) to demonstrate administration of eyedrops
    D) to demonstrate administration of eyedrops
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. Primary open-angle glaucoma is diagnosed. During initial assessment, you would expect the patient history to include
    A) blurred vision
    B) seeing colored halos around the lights
    C) eye pain accompanied by nausea and vomiting
    D) no symptoms of pain or pressure
    D) no symptoms of pain or pressure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. After cataract surgery you encourage your patient to
    A) Avoid bending his head below the waist
    B) Lift weights to increase muscle strength
    C) Maintain bed rest for 1 week
    D) Lie on his stomach while sleeping
    A) Avoid bending his head below the waist
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. A nursing intervention, for a patient diagnosed with Meniere's disease, to reduce the patients vertigo includes
    A) encouraging fluids to 3000 ml/day
    B) keeping the head of the bed elevated 30 degrees
    C) changing the patients position every 2 hours
    D) turning off the television and darkening the room
    D) turning off the television and darkening the room
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. Clinical symptoms of a detached retina include
    a) Momentary flashed of light
    b) Sensation of floating particles
    c) Definite area of blank vision
    d) All of the above
    d) All of the above
  50. Most common type of retinal detachment
    A) Exudative
    B) Combination of a and b
    C) Rhegmatogenous
    D) Traction
    C) Rhegmatogenous
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. Middle ear hearing loss
    A) vestibular cochlear
    B) Eustachian tube defect
    C) external ear defect
    D) otosclerosis
    D) otosclerosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. If patient has open-angle glaucoma. The nurse consideration would be
    A) supply a magnifying glass
    B) avoid giving patient things in bright lights
    C) Place objects directly in front of him
    D) advise patient to wear dark glasses at all times
    C) place objects directly in front of him
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. Most common cause of vision loss in over aged 60 is:
    A) Retinal vascular disease
    B) Uveitis
    C) Ocular trauma
    D) Macular degeneration
    D) Macular degeneration
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. The patient history indicates that she has smoked cigarettes for 25 years.  Which sensory function should the nurse be sure to assess.  Her sense of
    A) hearing
    B) vision
    C) touch
    D) smell
    D) smell
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. Post-ear irrigation you would visualize which structure?
    A) External acoustic meatus
    B) Semicircular canals
    C) Tympanic membrane
    D) Auricle
    C) Tympanic membrane
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. Patient is taking Isopto-Eserine eye drops for glaucoma, you assess for possible side effects including
    a) Headaches
    b) Decreased vision
    c) Brow pain
    d) All of the above
    d) All of the above
  57. Preparations that are helpful in loosing what was from the ear canal are in which group?
    A) Osmotics
    B) Prostaglandin analogues
    C) Ceruminolytics
    D) Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
    C) Ceruminolytics
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  58. Preparations commonly used to irrigate the ear are include the following
    a) Burow's solution
    b) Acetic acid
    c) Hydrogen peroxide 3%
    d) All of the above
    d) All of the above
  59. When administering eardrops to a 6 year old patient you would
    a) Pull down and back on the auricle
    b) Tilt head to unaffected side
    c) Instill meds at room temperature
    d) All of the above
    d) All of the above
  60. The term "oculus sinister" refers to
    A) right eye
    B) both eyes
    C) left eye
    d) All of the above
    C) Left eye
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  61. Contractile membrane between the cornea and lens
    A) Iris
    B) lens
    C) Pupil
    D) Retina
    A) Iris
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  62. Maintains the form of the eyeball
    A) Sclera
    B) Limbus
    C) Vitreous humor
    D) Choroid
    C) Vitreous humor
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  63. Contains nerve endings that transmit visual impulses to the brain
    A) Retina
    B) Lens
    C) Sclera
    D) Uvea
    A) Retina
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  64. The edge of the cornea where it joints the sclera
    A) Uvea
    B) Lens
    C) Limbus
    D) Choroid
    C) Limbus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  65. The white part of the eye is the
    A) Lens
    B) Sclera
    C) Uvea
    D) Choroid
    B) Sclera
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  66. Area where most of the blood vessels for the eye are located
    A) Limbus
    B) Uvea
    C) Retina
    D) Choroid
    D) Choroid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  67. Transparent part of the fibrous coat of the eyeball
    A) Vitreous humor
    B) Choroid
    C) Sclera
    D) Cornea
    D) Cornea
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  68. The term "ocular dexter" refers to
    A) Left eye
    B) Right eye
    C) Both eyes
    d) None of the above
    B) Right eye
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  69. Absence of the lens of the eye
    A) Apkakia
    B) Aphasia
    C) Aphagia
    D) Aphasia
    A) Apkakia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  70. Which safety measure should the nurse emphasize while teaching a patient who has decreased tactile sensation in the lower extremities?
    A) check temperature of bath water on the forearm before getting into the tub
    B) maintain a constant temperature in the house
    C) wear gloves and a hat when going out in cold weather
    D) wear shoes with rubber soles when going outside
    A) check temperature of bath water on the forearm before getting into the tub
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview