History Past Exam Notecard

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DianaKarlova
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291410
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History Past Exam Notecard
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2014-12-13 02:42:00
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Past Exam Western Civilization Gonzaga Final
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History
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Past history exam note cards for the final exam
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  1. Tool making was one of the characteristics of the Paleolithic era.
    True
  2. For most persons in Mesopotamia, the gods cared little for humanity and were very difficult to appease.
    True
  3. The region of Mesopotamia is located between the Nile and Zambezi rivers in North Africa.
    False
  4. There are important similarities between the epic of Gilgamesh and the story of Noah and the Ark.
    True
  5. Although Mesopotamian s were tremendous builders, they made no advancements in mathematics.
    False
  6. People in the Middle East perceived natural phenomenon as a direct intervention of divine powers.
    True
  7. As compared to their Mesopotamian neighbors, the Egyptians made little advance in the area of mathematics and medicine.
    False
  8. Akhenaton was the pharaoh that promoted "monotheism" that is, believed in only one god.
    True
  9. The Phoenicians are credited with creating the first real alphabet.
    True
  10. Although the Hebrew people lived in Mesopotamia, other cultures had little influence on their life and literature.
    False
  11. The Hebrew exodus from Egypt happened after their Babylonian captivity.
    False
  12. Saul led the Hebrew people out of Egypt.
    False
  13. After King Solomon the kingdom split and became two separate kingdoms: Judah and Israel.
    True
  14. According to the prophet Amos, Ritual action was far more important than the care of the poor and outcast.
    False
  15. The Minoan civilization was located on the island of Crete
    True
  16. For Homer, a Greek should strive to attain arete.
    True
  17. In his funeral oration for those who have died in the Peloponnesian War, Pericles reminded those listening of the importance of democracy and how Athens differed from other city whose government favors the few.
    True
  18. Cleisthenes argued that Athenian democracy would be more successful if the customary divisions of society such as tribes and clans were dissolved and persons developed a stronger sense of civic pride.
    True
  19. Cleisthenes was one of the oligarchs who worked against democracy/
    False
  20. Pythagoras did not search for one physical thing as the basis of all creation; instead he argued that mathematical relationships were the underlying principle of all created things.
    True
  21. The sophists argued in favor of the presence of universal truths against the idea that truth and knowledge is relative.
    False
  22. Socrates was more concerned about questions of morality and ethics than he was of questions dealing with exact substance that was common for all matter.
    True
  23. Plato did not consider democracy the best form of government.
    True
  24. Aristotle demonstrated a far greater interest in biology and natural sciences than did Plato.
    True
  25. Greek philosophy and art placed a great emphasis on the individual.
    True
  26. Greek dramatists saw an inner logic to the universe and called it Fate or Destiny. When people were stubborn or arrogant, they were punished.
    True
  27. According to Aeschylus, the Persians were successful in their military campaigns because they displayed arete.
    False
  28. Sophocles was a great Athenian general who led the charge against the Persians.
    False
  29. In Lysistrata, the women of Athens attempt to stop the war by no longer working in the kitchen.
    False
  30. After the death Alexander, the Greek language became the common language of the Mediterranean and the territories conquered by Alexander.
    True
  31. The Ptolemaic, Seleucide, and Antigonid were all philosophical systems established in Athens during the time of Pericles.
    False
  32. Hellenistic science resembled Platonic philosophy in that it favored abstract theory instead of investigation into the material world.
    False
  33. Polybius sought to explain the rise of Rome to the status of a great power.
    True
  34. According to Stoic philosophy, natural law provides human beings with an awareness of what is and is not correct behavior, especially when dealing with other human beings.
    True
  35. The Etruscans learned much about architectural styles, road construction and sanitation from the Romans.
    True
  36. In the early years of the Roman Republic the plebeians controlled most of the land and exerted a strong influence on the army.
    False
  37. Roman citizens, like the Jews, considered law to be given by the gods and its bases in divine inspiration.
    False
  38. Hannibal fought on the side of the Romans.
    False
  39. Tiberius Gracchus worked for land reform.
    True
  40. After Octavian's forces defeated Antony and Cleopatra, there was a continuous round of assaults by various generals against Octavian which led to internal fighting for the next 40 years.
    False
  41. In 70 A.D. the Jewish people led a successful revolt against the Romans.
    False
  42. Galen advanced methods of architecture and engineering, especially his use constructions of domes such as the Parthenon.
    False
  43. Seneca, Epictetus, and Marcus Aurelius were all stoic philosophers.
    True
  44. According to Ptolemy, the sun revolved around the earth.
    True
  45. Immigrants were treated wit high regard in the later years of the Roman empire.
    False
  46. During the third century the Roman Empire witnessed a severe breakdown of the relationship between its core and periphery.
    True
  47. According to the Letter to the Galatians, Paul was in favor of maintaining certain Jewish practices for those persons who converted to Christianity.
    False
  48. One of the reasons for the fall of the Roman Empire was disenchantment with the government and a lack of desire for any public service.
    True
  49. Paul traveled very little and relied on letters as a means of advancing his thoughts concerning Christianity.
    False
  50. What was not a characteristic of the Paleolithic period?
    a. painting on cave walls
    b. hunting in groups
    c. using tools
    d. the domestication of animals and harvesting crops
    The domestication of animals and harvesting crops
  51. Which event occurred first:
    a. The creation of cave points
    b. the creation of cuneiform
    c. the domestication of animals
    d. the code of Hamurabi
    The creation of cave paintings
  52. Which events occurred or where present during the Neolithic period
    a. religious beliefs
    b. domestication of animals
    c. the use of tools
    d. creation of art
    c. all of the above
    all of the above
  53. The Mesopotamian gods...
    a. reflect the sense of insecurity and apprehension felt among Mesopotamian people.
    b. were seen as benevolent protectors of their people
    c. were thought to be willing to extend their protection to their chosen people
    d. reflected the confidence and optimism of the Mesopotamian people
    Reflect the sense of insecurity and apprehension felt among Mesopotamian people
  54. The word Mesopotamia means the land between the rivers. The two rivers which encompassed Mesopotamia were...
    a. Nile and Tiber
    b. Tiber and the Tigris
    c. Tigris and Euphrates
    d. Euphrates and Nile
    Tigris and Euphrates
  55. Near Eastern civilizations...
    a. were held back from scientific advancement by the lack of a system of writing
    b. rejected science as incompatible with their religious commitments
    c. contributed to the development of the wheeled vehicle, the plow, mathematics and medecine
    Contributed to the development of the wheeled vehicle, the plow, mathematics and medecine
  56. Who were the creators of the earliest civilizations....
    Egyptians and Sumerians
  57. A myth can be best explained as...
    A traditional story that seeks to explain the origins of the world and the actions of supernatural powers.
  58. The Biblical story of the Garden of Eden derives from...
    Mesopotamian sources
  59. The exile of the Hebrews following the fall of Israel to the Assyrians is known as...
    the Babylonian exile
  60. The Story of the Exodus, Moses leading the people from Egypt probably occurred within the time frame...
    a. 2000-1800
    b. 1200-1000
    c. 400
    1200-1000
  61. In contrast to Near Eastern religious thought, Hebrew religious thought taught Yahweh...
    a. had created nature but did not dwell in it; rather, the Hebrews believed their God transcended nature
    b. had been born to lead them into greatness
    c. exhibited many human characteristics
    d. would die at the end of the world
    Had created nature but did not dwell in it; rather, the Hebrews believed their God transcended nature
  62. What idea best captures the Hebrew idea of history?
    a. human history was the work of God, a divine drama filled with scared meaning and moral significance
    b. That human history was the story of how good God was battling for supremacy over the lesser gods of Mesopotamia
    c. That human action was not the concern of Yahweh, but the general trends of the community particularly in terms of religious observance was of greater concern
    d. That God acted in such a way so as to force humans to act in a manner so as to do the right thing. God frequently acted to negate human free will
    human history was the work of God, a divine drama filled with scared meaning and moral significance
  63. Jeremiah's prophecy to the Hebrews warned that...
    a. they should build a giant statue of Yaweh to ward off invasion by the Babylonians
    b. they should build a huge army to prepare for an attack from the Babylonians
    c. God had forsaken them and would bring the Babylonians to conquer them
    d. Idol worship and mistreatment of their fellow men and women would cause them to be conquered by the Babylonians
    Idol worship and mistreatment of their fellow men and women would cause them to be conquered by the Babylonians
  64. The legacy of the ancient Jews includes all of the following except...
    a. the idea that all time was cyclical
    b. the value Westerners placed on the individual
    c. a fundamental component of Christianity
    d. monotheism
    the idea that all time was cyclical
  65. The Hebrew's belief in moral responsibility resulted from...
    a. communal traditions
    b. an emphasis on the family as the source of morality
    c. pride in oneself
    d. an awareness of individual human beings as having free will to act
    an awareness of individual human beings as having free will to act
  66. Bull jumping was the favorite entertainment of the...
    a. Mycenaean's
    b. Minoans
    c. Persians
    d. Egyptians
    Minoans
  67. The plot of the Illiad concerned...
    a. the Dorian invasion into Greece
    b. the battle between Mycenae and Troy
    c. the Persian Wars
    d. The Peloponnesian wars
    the battle between Mycenae and Troy
  68. The Helots were...
    a. native Greek craftsman who could not vote
    b. the chief politician in the city Sparta
    c. Greeks outside the city of Sparta who were conquered and became slaves for the city
    d. the soldiers of Sparta
    Greeks outside the city of Sparta who were conquered and became slaves for the city
  69. Cleisthenes argued that Athenian democracy would be more successful if...
    a. the customary divisions of society such as tribes and clans were removed and people developed civic pride
    b. only the very educated and well-trained could vote
    c. women as well as men could voted
    d. only persons who served in the military could vote
    the customary divisions of society such as tribes and clans were removed and people developed civic pride
  70. In the evolution of the Athenian political system after the year 800 B.C., which was the correct order (first being earliest)
    a. democracy, plutocracy, aristocracy, monarchy
    b. plutocracy, democracy, aristocracy, monarchy
    c. monarchy, democracy, aristocracy, plutocracy
    d. monarchy, aristocracy, plutocracy, democracy
    monarchy, aristocracy, plutocracy, democracy
  71. In contrast to the Babylonians and the Egyptians, the Greeks...
    a. were able to preform complex mathematical operations
    b. attempted to organize and systematize their knowledge to prove underlying principles that did not necessarily have divine causes
    c. observed the heavens and recorded their findings
    d.wrote medical texts
    attempted to organize and systematize their knowledge to prove underlying principles that did not necessarily have divine causes
  72. The first Ionian philosophers were called cosmologists because they...
    a. believed that everything  in the world was an impermanent illusion
    b. rejected the idea that universal principles guided the universe
    c. sought the underlying principles of universe
    d. believed that only the cosmos was worth studying
    sought the underlying principles of universe
  73. This philosopher did not hold that all creation was one particular substance rather; he argued that the basis for material things was numerical relationship.
    a. Anixamder
    b. Democratis
    c. Pythagoras
    d. Thales
    Pythagoras
  74. The sophists held that...
    a. Persian philosophers were the source of most Greek thought
    b. truth was as real as physical matter
    c. only the Greeks were capable of rational thought
    d. no truth is universally valid
    no truth is universally valid
  75. The idea that accepted truths and moral values are not universally valid, but are a matter of individual or group judgement is best described as...
    a. relativism
    b. koine
    c. humanism
    d. sophrosyne
    Relativism
  76. Socrates method of inquiry, dialectics, involved...
    a. a dialog between individuals, meant to root out illogical assumptions and arrive at clearly defined ideas
    b. a process through which an individual cleared him or herself of all negative thoughts
    c. the withdrawal of the individual from society, in order to facilitate private contemplation
    d. analysis that was based on the assumption that human beings are fundamentally irrational
    a dialog between individuals, meant to root out illogical assumptions and arrive at clearly defined ideas
  77. Plato argued that truth...
    a. is an imperfect and transitory reflection of our knowledge of the physical world
    b. is accessible through the senses
    c. resides in the world of the Forms rather than material world experience
    d. like other abstract concepts such as "good" and "evil" is subjective, rather than a universal absolute
    resides in the world of the Forms rather than material world experience
  78. This philosopher was killed for the belief that truth was objective and it could not be changed by clever argumentation of powerful persons...
    a. Plato
    b. Aristotle
    c. Socrates
    d. Hericlitus
    Socrates
  79. Aeschylus believed that the fault of hubris, or excessive ____ would be punished by the gods.
    a. pride
    b. vanity
    c. lust
    d. greed
    Pride
  80. This person is considered father of historical writing...
    a. Herodotus
    b. Plato
    c. Aristotle
    d. Diocletian
    e. Aristophanes
    Herodotus
  81. Alexander inherited from Phillip an over-riding policy of state:
    a. the invasion of Persia
    b. the maximization of tax revenue
    c. the support of traditional religion
    d. an alliance with egypt
    the invasion of Persia
  82. The adoption of Greek language, culture and civilization best describes...
    a. philosophy
    b. Aristotelianism
    c. Hellenization
    d. Oikumene
    Hellenization
  83. Alexander the Great gained and appreciation for Greek culture from his tutor...
    a. Plato
    b. Thucydides
    c. Aristotle
    d. Zeno
    Aristotle
  84. Following Alexander the Great's death...
    a. His Persian wife became the ruler
    b. his generals fought over succession and divided his empire
    c. his son succeeded to power
    d. his father, Philip of Macedon, once again took control of the empire
    his generals fought over succession and divided his empire
  85. This Philisophical system argued that each human person had an inner law given by God and every person was required to act upon this law.
    a. Stoicism
    b. Epicureanism
    c. Skepticism
    d. Cynicism
    Stoicism
  86. According to the Stoics, wise persons...
    a. ordered their lived according to natural law
    b. should strive to better his or her social and economic position
    c. should give his or her emotions free range, in order that he or she night better understand them
    d. should seek out suffering, in order to learn how to endure it
    ordered their lived according to natural law
  87. Hellenistic sculpture is characterized by...
    a. a greater emphasis on realism and everyday life
    b. greater emphasis on idealism
    c. a greater similarity with Egyptian art of the Ptolemaic dynasty
    d. a greater similarity with art from Mesopotamia
    a greater emphasis on realism and everyday life
  88. For the Skeptics, ____ could be known with certainty...
    a. natural laws
    b. nothing
    c. everything
    d. the existence of gods
    Nothing
  89. Which is the correct chronology of Greek sculpture?
    a. geometric, archaic, classical, Hellenistic
    b. Hellenistic, classical, archaic, geometric
    c. classical, Hellenistic, archaic, geometric
    d. archaic, classical, geometric, Hellenistic
    geometric, archaic, classical, Hellenistic
  90. The Romans acquired which of the following from Etruscans...
    a. engineering skills
    b. symbols of authority and rule
    c. words and names
    d. all of these
    all of these
  91. Roman commoners were known as...
    a. patricians
    b. plebians
    c. helots
    d. serfs
    plebians
  92. The "Struggle of the Orders" indicates...
    a. the conflict over sharing of power between plebians and the patricians
    b. the use of land and its proper use along the Meditterranean coast
    c. the conflict between Etruscan and Latin religions
    d. the stabilization of the Latin alphabet over the Etruscan alphabet
    the conflict over sharing of power between plebians and the patricians
  93. The government of the Romans never became democratic because...
    a. patronage networks of wealthy families controlled the government
    b. the plebians denied equality before the law
    c. plebians could never become wealthy
    d. plebians were forbidden political participation
    patronage networks of wealthy families controlled the government
  94. The first stage of Roman expansion was the...
    a. Uniting of the Italian Peninsula
    b. Collision with Carthage
    c. Subjugation of the Hellenistic states
    d. Subquest of Gaul and Germania
    Uniting of the Italian Peninsula
  95. Which event occurred first...
    a. The first Punic war
    b. The second Punic war
    c. The third Punic war
    The first Punic war
  96. Spartacus was...
    a. the general who fought at the Battle of Cannae
    b. a slave who led a revolt against Rome
    c. a tribune  who supported Gaius Gracchus
    d. a great orator
    a slave who led a revolt against Rome
  97. Rome's conquest of the Hellenistic world resulted in...
    a. the Romans substantially altering their political system by incorporating Greek democratic ideas
    b. a clash between Stoic philosophy and Roman values and concepts of law
    c. Roman adoption of Greek humanistic thought
    d. most Romans rejecting foreign good like the luxuries of the East
    Roman adoption of Greek humanistic thought
  98. Gracchan Revolution refers to...
    a. the Gracchi brothers attempt to advance the nobility's right to rule over the lower classes
    b. a famous architect's ability to create a building with a dome
    c. The Gracchi brothers's attempt to create land rights over the lower classes
    d. The revolution of the Phoenicians against the Romans
    The Gracchi brothers's attempt to create land rights over the lower classes
  99. During the Pax Romana...
    a. the status of women gradually improved
    b. women under greater restrictions than they had been during the republican period
    c. women were not allowed to divorce their husbands
    the status of women gradually improved
  100. "Bread and Circus" refers to...
    a. the means used to make the unemployed happy and keep them from rioting
    b. the political platform of emperor Hadrian
    c. the food distribution program held at the Circus Maximus
    d. the agriculture shortage and poor land management in in the outlying districts
    the means used to make the unemployed happy and keep them from rioting
  101. Mithraism can be best explained as a / an...
    a. religion
    b. philosophy
    c. economic system
    d. artistic style
    religion
  102. Which group of people caused the dislocation of Germanic tribes in the North of the Roman empire and caused the tribes to migrate south and west into the Roman Empire?
    a. Visigoths
    b. Vandals
    c. Huns
    d. Ostragoths
    Huns
  103. Christianity originated in...
    a. Rome
    b. Israel
    c. Constantinople
    d. Athens
    Israel
  104. Just before the birth of Jesus and during his lifetime there were four principle parties or groups in Judaism. Which one was not one of these groups?
    a. Sadducees
    b. Pharisees
    c. Christians
    d. Zealots
    Christians
  105. The Zealots were...
    a. willing to work for the Roman governors
    b. wanted to revolt against Rome
    c. denied the existence of the trinity
    d. were followers of Paul
    wanted to revolt against Rome

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