learning and behavior final part 2

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Author:
jeremygregory25
ID:
291465
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learning and behavior final part 2
Updated:
2014-12-13 18:40:37
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csuchico
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learning and behavior final part 2
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  1. negative punishment
    often a good alternative to positive punishment (less risk of side effects)
  2. Factors that influence the effectiveness of punishment (intensity)
    Old view: positive punishment isn't effective in the long term

    new view: if intensity is enough, punishment can permanently suppress a response

    progressive increase in intensity can produce habituation to punishment

    punishment of sufficient efficiency is needed to be used from the beginning
  3. Factors that influence the effectiveness of punishment (delay)
    delayed punishment is ineffective

    immediate punishment can be effective
  4. Factors that influence the effectiveness of punishment (consistency)
    every instance of the response should be punished

    unlike reinforcement, intermittent punishment is not very effective
  5. problematic side effects that can result from the use of punishment (particularly positive punishment) (emotional consequence)
    fear and anxiety

    conditioned fear of person delivered the punishment 

    anger

    depression
  6. problematic side effects that can result from the use of punishment (particularly positive punishment) (behavioral consequence)
    apathy and lethargy (related to depression)

    aggression (related to anger)

    Imitation of person delivering punishment

    development of escape/avoidance behaviors (lying, cheating to avoid punishment)
  7. problematic side effects that can result from the use of punishment (particularly positive punishment) (psychosomatic illnesses)
    ulcers

    asthma

    eating disorders
  8. alternatives to positive punishment?
    negative punishment

    extinction

    reinforcement of acceptable behavior (DRO, DRI)

    response prevention (change the environment so the response is no longer possible
  9. Is the use of positive punishment ever justified?
    use of shock to eliminate self-injurious behavior

    use of punishment to eliminate involuntary response (coughing, vomiting)

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