learning and behavior final part 3

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learning and behavior final part 3
2014-12-13 19:21:05

learning and behavior final part 3
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  1. what is a concurrent schedule
    the simultaneous presentation of two or more independent schedules, each leading to a reinforcer
  2. On concurrent interval schedules, what is the optimal behavior?
    On a concurrent VI 10-s or VI 30-s schedule, the majority of responses (not all the responses) will go towards the VI 10-s schedule
  3. What is the matching law?
    the proportion of responses emitted on a particular schedule matches the proportion of reinforers obtained on that schedule
  4. How does the matching law allow us to predict response allocation on various concurrent VI-VI schedules?
    predicts a consistent relationship between the proportion of reinforcers obtained on a certain alternative and the proportion of responses emitted on that alternative
  5. what are some of the problems with the concept of "willpower" as it relates to self-control?
    more of a mentalistic view (behaviorist problem)

    Circularity (the only evidence for its existence is the behavior its meant to explain

    Pessimistic (failures of self-control are often attributed to a lack of ability to have it)
  6. what does skinner have to say about self-control?
    yes, environment determines our behavior, but our behavior also effects our environment

    So we can learn to make responses that change our environment in ways that will produce desirable behavior